This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Psychology Naturalistic Observation Essay

1737 words - 7 pages

Naturalistic Observation

Primary Reference Source

Loucopoulos P and V Karakostas (1995) System Requirements Engineering. McGraw Hill International.

Summary description

Observational methods involve an investigator viewing users as they work and taking notes on the activity which takes place. Observation may be either direct, where the investigator is actually present during the task, or indirect, where the task is viewed by some other means such as through use of a video camera.

Typical Application Areas

Useful early in specification for obtaining qualitative data. This method is an alternative (non-involving) version of Contextual Inquiry. It is useful for studying currently executed tasks and processes. It has been extensively advocated in the past.

Benefits

Allows the observer to view what users actually do in context. Direct observation allows the investigator to focus attention on specific areas of interest. Indirect observation captures activity that would otherwise have gone unrecorded or unnoticed.

Limitations

Observing can be obtrusive and subjects may alter their behaviour due to the presence of an observer. Co operation of users is vital and so the interpersonal skills of the observer are important. Notes and video tape need to be analyzed by the note-taker which can be time consuming and prevents the task being split up for analysis by a number of people. If events or behaviours which occur at unpredictable intervals are of interest, this kind of observation can become extremely time-consuming.

Cost of use

Analysis usually takes 5 to 7 times the amount of time spent recording events unless a substantial amount of analysis is done in real-time, during off-peak moments. Indirect observation requires access to audio visual recording and playback equipment.

Costs of Acquisition

Observers require training and practice in order to take accurate and complete notes. Suitability for requirements engineering in Telematics:

Some partner experience (SINTEF, NPL, HFRG, NOMOS). Technique widely used in industry by HCI consultants, and portable video kits are popular.

How to get it - Widely documented in the literature.

Detailed description of method

Naturalistic Observation as a field method involves the following steps:
1.Establish objectives and information requirements. Should the coverage be in breadth or in depth? It is extremely important at this stage to find out what will happen to the end-product of this process, and therefore to tailor the whole process to the requirements of those who will receive the results.
2.Gain contacts and especially their co-operation with the process of Naturalistic Observation that you intend to carry out establish the times, places, and people who will be observed. Note that in some countries, the law may prohibit you from taking video films of people without their explicit written consent.
3.Decide on the recording technique you will use. Will you rely on hand-written notes...

Find Another Essay On Psychology-Naturalistic Observation

Psychologists: The New Generation of Scientists

882 words - 4 pages , surveys, case studies, naturalistic observation and experiments.” (Grolier) “A test is a procedure for measuring a characteristic at a particular time and in a particular place.” (Grolier) In order to properly evaluate their clients a lot of hard work go towards training and understanding a complex thought of what to diagnose their client. “For instance, an ability test might measure how well you are able to do something. An example would be

Self Awareness and Dieting Essay

1674 words - 7 pages psychology students receiving extra credit for participating and shoppers in two local supermarkets. In both studies an equal number of adult men and women were tested. Children were excluded in the supermarket observation as the adults chose what items the children tasted. In both studies for half the groups a mirror was present along with the observers. Data was analyzed by the researchers using a multivariate regression analysis and a

Gender Differences in Smiling

1345 words - 5 pages , lean forward and be more submissive during conversations. Most research studying gender differences in smiling have found similar results, that women smile more often during verbal interaction than men. Other studies indicate that this difference may occur because of the social expectations placed on men and women. The purpose of the present study was to investigate, using a naturalistic observation, if there are gender differences

The Significance of Auspicious or Adverse Dates to Personal Fortune

775 words - 3 pages superstition, such as naturalistic observation, experimental method, and the case study method. The case study method is an in depth study of one or a few participants consisting of information gathered by observations, interviews, or psychological testing to provide a description of behaviors or disorders. Although this does enhance knowledge in atypical situations and can provide a hypothesis to be tested on later, it cannot establish the causes of

Territoriality in Public Spaces

756 words - 3 pages Juieng (1997) used naturalistic observation to record the behaviour of 200 drivers leaving a busy shopping centre car park. The drivers were each timed from the moment they opened their car door to the time they left the parking space. They also recorded whether or not another driver was waiting for that particular space. Ruback and Juieng reported that when there was another car waiting for the space drivers took significantly longer to leave.ReferencesFlanagan, C. (1994). Letts Educational: A Level Psychology Study Guide. Walsall: WM Print Ltd

The Nature of Psychology

1477 words - 6 pages ;Naturalistic observation would be used to collect data on a depressed person by observing the subject in their natural environment. By observing and recording the subject behavior in the natural environment the pace of life and how it is associated with the culture and climate of the individual could explain the depressed behavior. A case study is the oldest research method. This method employs studying one individual in great depth. In relation

A Report on Business Applications of the Focused Topics Covered by the Course Introduction to Psychology

6909 words - 28 pages Psychology 14 3.0 Introduction to Psychology 15-22 3.1 The Subfields of Psychology: Psychology's Family Tree 15-20 3.2 Psychology's Key Issues 21 3.3 Gesalt Psychology 21 3.4 Humanistic Perspective of psychology 22 4.0 Psychological Research 22-25 4.1 The scientific method 22 4.2 Archival Research 23 4.3 Naturalistic Observation 23 4.4 Survey Research 23 4.5 4.6 4.7

Research Methods

1686 words - 7 pages . Correlation studies looks for relationship between two variables but do not tell which variable caused the other, it establishes correlation not causation. Naturalistic observation is a way of collecting data in the subject’s natural setting where the subject tends to be his true self. Survey studies will ask large numbers of people questions usually about their behaviors, attitudes or opinions. Another survey studies goal is to

How Empirical Psychology Illuminates Issues in Moral Ontology

3783 words - 15 pages How Empirical Psychology Illuminates Issues in Moral Ontology ABSTRACT: Although scientific naturalistic philosophers have been concerned with the role of scientific psychology in illuminating problems in moral psychology, they have paid less attention to the contributions that it might make to issues of moral ontology. In this paper, I illustrate how findings in moral developmental psychology illuminate and advance the discussion of a long

Bipolar

1801 words - 8 pages played a role in our results. All of our older adults that we surveyed worked at the high school, which is a pretty professional environment, where being sane is almost expected. I think if we went and interviewed strangers at maybe not such a professional atmosphere we may find our results to vary more. For our second part of our project we took the Naturalistic Observation approach . We went to walmart and just watched the people coming in

Understanding the Life-Span Development of Humans in Psychology

2767 words - 12 pages unnatural and can result in unnatural behavior of the participants, and willing participants may not accurately represent groups of diverse cultural backgrounds. And lastly, unfamiliar participants may feel intimidated in a laboratory setting. Different from a laboratory observation, researchers have the opportunity to observe behaviors in a real world setting without effort to alter or control the situation, known as naturalistic observation. A

Similar Essays

Psychology / The Use And Definition Of Psychology And Its Advantages To Modern Medical Theory

1345 words - 5 pages psychology is a scientific enterprise that obtains knowledge through observation and research. The second element is psychologists study of behavior, which means any action or reaction that can be measured or observed. The last element is that psychologists study the mind, referring both conscious and unconscious mental states (Encarta online).Psychology QuestionsMany people think psychologists are people who help those with troubles or mental

The Importance Of Research In Psychology

786 words - 4 pages rather than in practice. “Research is the foundation of all Clinical Psychology activities.” (Plante, 2005) Observation is essential for psychologists to get to know their clients. Examination consists of learning and understanding the way the client acts and thinks. While observing it is important to take mental notes and be aware of body language to see how the client reacts to certain questions and situations. There are many ways to do this

Naturalistic Observation Report

1708 words - 7 pages Naturalistic observation is a way of observing applicants in their own natural environment without the contestants realizing the observers are present. My observation took me to different places and settings to complete my assignment where I observed the subjects’ reactions and further relate it with concepts of psychology. This assignment is going to look into the observation at different settings by watching people as they go about their

Three Descriptive Research Methods Essay

547 words - 2 pages participant to lean toward a certain side. You may sound biased toward one issue which will effect you survey and hypothesis. Using random sampling allows researcher to have a fair representation of the subjects under study. Every person has an equal chance of participating. I would use this method with very larger groups of people. Ex. school. The last from of research would be naturalistic observation. Basically watching and recording the