Psychology Of Terror Psc 3900         According To The Social Dominance

1225 words - 5 pages

Psychology of Terror PSC 3900 According to the Social Dominance Theory, those attached to a subordinate group are prosecuted, and when found guilty, imprisoned at greater rates that their dominant group counterparts. Among the groups found in the subordinate groups are the blacks and Hispanics in North America, Arabs living in Israel, Aborigines in Australia, and the foreign born in Europe. Illustrating a brief piece of Americana, in California, five times as many blacks are in prisons as are in college. Forty percent of black males between 18 and 30 are involved with the Probation Department, the Parole Board or the prison system. Over sixty percent of blacks between 18 and 30 have or will be arrested. In the District of Columbia, half of black American males are targets of the criminal justice system. In the years between 1980 and 1992 black inmate population increased steadily year after year. Law is an expression of the common good according to the value consensus model. That is, the dominant group determines what is good for society and forms laws to keep society from operating outside those laws they have deemed "good." Those in power put the idea that law is an expression of the common good forward. Then the pluralistic model suggests that the values protected, serve the interest of the dominant groups. A third model used to explain why the dominant social theory exists and persecutes minorities or subordinates is the class conflict model. In this model, the law is used not only to forward the interests of the dominant group, but also to oppress, restrain and control the subordinate group. The law serves to maintain this group based social order with actions to suppress threats to the dominant group. In the search for true happiness in the dominant group, terror is a helpful tool. There are three types of terror, official terror, semi-official terror and unofficial terror. Official terror is legally sanctioned violence carried out by security forces and the justice system. Examples of official terror in history are the persecution of Jews in Germany pre, and during World War Two, the repression of Shiites in Iraq, apartheid based executions in South Africa. A veiled form of official terror occurring in the United States was the Drug Abuse Act of 1988 wherein harsher punishments were meted out in drug violations some that did not include anything but the personal use or abuse of controlled substances. Because of the nature of the law, it is seen as targeting street drug users, many of whom would fall into the subordinate groups Semi-official terror is violence that is organized, but not sanctioned by the state or regular law. Cointelpro is a prime example in the United States. Cointelpro was the FBI's secret program to undermine the popular upsurge which swept the country during the 1960s. Though the name stands for "Counterintelligence Program," the targets were not enemy spies. The FBI set out to...

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