This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Psychopathy And Anti Social Personality Disorder (Aspd)

3616 words - 14 pages

Stories of the ‘psychopath’ are often intriguing to individuals in the general population as they receive exhaustive media coverage and are the basis for many interesting story lines in books, television and movies. The idea of the ‘psychopath’ is usually misunderstood and merged with other dispositions such as Anti-Social Personality Disorder (ASPD), but these concepts are two distinct entities. Defining a ‘psychopath’ is a difficult task. Frist, psychopathy is a trait and not a disorder (Strickland et al, 2013). Characterizing psychopathy using the Diagnostic Statistical Manual Fifth Edition (DSM-V) has demonstrated effective trait-based coverage in terms of psychopathy and its facets that are identifiable through the Personality Inventory for DSM-V (PID-V) (Strickland et al, 2013).
The identification of psychopathy as a trait indicates that individuals with this specific trait possess patterns of thoughts, feelings or actions that are distinguishable. For example, the Five Factor Model (Costa and Wildiger, 2002) describes five broad dimensions of personality that are used to describe human personality. Individuals all possess some degree of these identifiable traits, however they are expressed in different comportments upon a continuum. Possessing the average trait has not historically bred problems (Costa and Wildiger, 2002) but, when individuals approach an extreme end of a trait (extremely low or extremely high) then there may be indication of some kind of personality disorder.
Hence, the term psychopathy and ASPD are often used interchangeably as individuals that demonstrate extreme forms of psychopathy are often diagnosed with ASPD (Strickland et al, 2013). The DSM-V aims to correct this binder. The dimensional personality disorder framework that is addressed in DSM-V shifts the ASPD stand-alone criteria in a categorical diagnostic framework to dimensional traits within a comprehensive model of personality pathology (Strickland et al, 2013).
Psychopathy Defined
Psychopathy is a personality trait, therefore all individuals may possess some forms and representations of psychopathy, (Costa and Wildiger, 2002) but differ in terms of expression. Individuals who possess extreme forms of psychopathy are often presented in a dim light and are portrayed as individuals who commit bizarre, violent and senseless deeds, and then show no remorse for the pain they have caused (Levenson, 1992).
A Canadian Psychologist Robert D. Hare and his colleagues developed the Revised Psychopathy Checklist (PCL-R) in the 1970’s with criminal offenses as its baselines (Cutler, 2008). The PCL-R reiterates the notion that every individual may possess some trait to some extent, but will need to express enough traits to be considered psychopathic (Ogloff, 2006). Thus, although there may be some form of psychopathy in all individuals, it is rare that an individual will score high enough on the PCL-R to identify as psychopathic (Blair & Viding, 2009; Costa and...

Find Another Essay On Psychopathy and Anti-Social Personality Disorder (ASPD)

Avoidant and Dependent Personality Disorder Essay

1262 words - 6 pages disorder is a type of mental disorder in which you have a rigid and unhealthy pattern of thinking, functioning and behaving. A person with a personality disorder has trouble perceiving and relating to situations and to people. This causes significant problems and limitations in relationships, social encounters, work and school” (“Definitions”). This is the definition of personality disorders described by Mayo Clinic. Studies have shown that many

bipolar and narcissistic personality disorder Essay

1442 words - 6 pages bipolar disorder are at higher risk for thyroid disease, migraine headaches, heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other physical illnesses. This leads to the slight differences between bipolar disorder and narcissistic personality disorder. As well as these reasons, a person with narcissistic personality disorder is many times misdiagnosed as having bipolar disorder. The reason is because they have many similar characteristics and present in a

Ramtha And Multiple Personality Disorder

787 words - 3 pages I've taken the position that JZ Knight is actually inducing an alternate personality when "Ramtha" is speaking through her. This condition would be assessed in the discipline of psychology, as Multiple Personality Disorder. I also believe that her followers do not quantify the supernatural existence of Ramtha, but rather are an example of our need to believe in the unexplainable.A person diagnosed with multiple personality disorder has two or

Narcissistic Personality Disorder and Treatment

1858 words - 7 pages -righteous certainty, and adamant commitment that allowed no protest and created almost total submission (Kohut, 1979, p. 15). Mr. Z had not elaborated on specific experiences with his mother and described her precisely as the image that she portrayed to others (Kohut, 1979, p. 13). The absence of this pertinent information surely explained the analyst's lack of emphasis upon her personality disorder; however, the second analysis revealed the

Causes and Symptoms of Antisocial Personality Disorder

1362 words - 5 pages professional labels used for diagnosis and ASPD and psychopathy are considered two are distinct disorders(Gurley, 2009). Since people diagnosed with ASPD can cause a great deal of harm to society there is a tremendous amount of interest in studying this group and because of this interest and many years of research we know a great deal more about ASPD than about any other personality disorder (Durand et al., 2008). Etiology Researchers today

Mental and Social Disorder

1920 words - 8 pages “Hysterical-leg paralysis” affected thousands of women in the nineteenth century. Women were struck by apparent paralysis of their legs, yet no injury or physical impediment was found in any of the many reported cases. This disorder was representative of the strict social roles women were forced to adhere to, and how the woman struggled to accept those roles . The consequences of stigmatizing mentally ill individuals are extremely real and dangerous

Antisocial Personality Disorder and its Potential Dangers

2104 words - 8 pages the disorder in the individual (Meloy, J Reid, 2007). On this scale the range of 0-2 generally means a person does not have antisocial personality disorder, but the range of 10-19 indicates the disorder in a mild form, the range of 20-29 indicates the moderate form of psychopathy, and the score of 30 indicates the individual has sever psychopathy (Meloy, J Reid, 2007). What are the statistics of those diagnosed? Some of the statistics are

Borderline Personality Disorder and Substance Abuse

2055 words - 9 pages remitted with BPD had 57% higher frequency of drug use disorder and 42% higher alcohol use disorder. The rate of new onset of SUD was 11% higher in the non-remitted groups. The results support the hypothesis in which people with BPD have increased rates and severity of SUD when compared to the OPD group. For future research Walter et al. (2009) suggest adding an increased variety of personality disorders, including ASPD, gaining a better

Borderline Personality Disorder: History, Understanding and Treatment

1956 words - 8 pages Borderline Personality Disorder has been set, psychiatrists are on the brink of understanding the causes of BPD. As in most mental disorders, no single factor explains its development. Multiple factors come into play: being either biological, psychological, or social- all factors must be considered.The biological factors in BPD probably consist of inborn "temperament" abnormalities (Vaillant, 1987, pp. 146-156). Impulsivity and emotional

Marilyn Monroe and Borderline Personality Disorder

2148 words - 9 pages Biography," 2013). Marilyn Monroe swiftly became more known to the public for her behavior and outlandish actions; she was eventually diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder. Background History Marilyn Monroe was born on June 1, 1926 in Los Angeles, California. Monroe was originally given the name Norma Jeane Mortenson. The traumatic childhood of Marilyn Monroe is well document being that when she became famous she had no problem with

Borderline Personality Disorder and Dialectical Behaviour Therapy

1606 words - 7 pages and using acquired skills to function better in everyday life. For myself, I found the skills within Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) treatment to best addressed the areas I was lacking. DBT was originally developed to focus on individuals suffering from Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). As described by the National Institute of Mental Health, the criteria an individual must meet to be diagnosed with BPD are some of the following: extreme

Similar Essays

Antisocial Personality Disorder And Psychopathy Essay

2265 words - 10 pages others (APA, 2013). Psychopathy is not an official title in the DSM-V. Rather, it is a personality disorder category that encompasses Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD). Psychopathy is categorized by antisocial behavior, lack of remorse, and an inability to control behavior (Hare, 1996). Although some have claimed that ASPD and Psychopathy are synonymous, there are certain differences that will be explored later. The goal of this paper is

Psychopathy: Personality Disorder Essay

2236 words - 9 pages Psychopathy Aditya Sood “Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterized by an inability to form human attachment, aggressive narcissism, and antisocial behavior defined by a constellation of affective, interpersonal and behavioral characteristics, most of which society views as pejorative” [1]. Some of these characteristics include irresponsibility, grandiosity, cunning, deceitfulness, selective impulsivity, sexual promiscuity, lack of

Meaning And Consequences Of Antisocial Personality Disorder And Psychopathy

3702 words - 15 pages Personality disorder is a matter of incorrect judgments of value. Some of the Factors attributed to anti-social personality disorder and psychopathy in children Studies have concluded psychopathy is influenced by genetics and according to TEDS that is Twin Early Development Study. A study conducted by the British researchers where a sets of 7 year old identical twins were examined for unemotional traits and high levels of anti-social behaviors both

Borderline Personality Disorder And Dependent Personality Disorder

1547 words - 6 pages Axis Two: Illnesses “A personality disorder is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). There are several different mental illnesses that can branch off from mental disorders