This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Psychopathy And Sociopathy Essay

1252 words - 5 pages

Robert Hare, the author of Without Conscience and a professor of psychology, once said, “Know what you are dealing with. All the reading in the world cannot immunize you from the devastating effects of psychopaths. Everyone, including the experts, can be taken in, conned, and left bewildered by them.” The media has popularized the idea that all psychopaths are serial killers or rapists. However, this is not the case. Many psychopaths and sociopaths can be average people that interact normally. Moreover, psychopaths and sociopaths are often considered the same thing; they are vastly similar with minute differences. Both psychopathy and sociopathy are anti-social disorders that are difficult to treat and are associated with many myths.
Psychopathy and sociopathy are similar, but they have notable differences. A psychopath is born with behavioral differences, such as impulsivity, fearlessness, and possibly excessive anger. These differences can be caused by a chemical imbalance or brain tumor; Dr. Richard Gilles believes that about 10% of them have a physical problem. Conversely, a sociopath is born with a normal temperament; their disorder is caused by environmental stressors; for example, neglect from the parents or family, poverty, abuse, or delinquency. These stressors cause the person (usually during childhood) to emotionally detach from society. Some psychologists theorize that the person did not learn how to trust in their first relationship, which impeded him/her from ever trusting anyone. It is important to keep in mind that a small number of children who emotionally detach become sociopaths; fewer become murderers (Babiak; Fitz; Goodman).
Furthermore, psychopathy and sociopathy are one of the most dangerous mental disorders because their anti-social tendencies can lead to violence. A sociopath might be better able to stop him/herself from violence than a psychopath. Moreover, most psychopaths and sociopaths turn to crime because they feel like they do not belong in society or they do not want to follow social norms. Intelligent sociopaths are the most successful criminals; psychopaths are too impulsive to cover their tracks. Sociopaths are most likely to manipulate the system to get shorter jail sentences. Studies have shown that typical criminals tend to be more anti-social, while successful sociopaths tend to be more emotionally detached. Research shows that about 23% of the imprisoned criminals are psychopaths, while only 1% of the general public are psychopaths. Furthermore, a psychopath might not be able to maintain social relationships. A sociopath, however, could easily put on a façade to fit in with social norms. In other words, where a psychopath might be socially awkward or isolated, a sociopath might seem charming (Babiak; Fitz; Goodman; Lee).
Psychopathy and sociopathy fall under anti-social disorders because of their similarities. Psychopaths and sociopaths lack emotions like compassion, love and guilt; for this reason,...

Find Another Essay On Psychopathy and Sociopathy

A thorough look at the psychological disorder of sociopathy, with links made to Charles Dickens' novel "Great Expectations", using Estella as an example of a sociopath

3161 words - 13 pages population, a similar proportion to sociopathy, yet anorexia is classified as an epidemic, whereas sociopathy is almost unheard of by most people.Sociopathy is a personality disorder classified under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), and is generally considered to be the same as antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy. The DSM-IV defines sociopathy as pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the

Aggressive Behavior Essay

1380 words - 6 pages components of thought(Damasio, Grabowinski, Frank, Galaburda & Damasio, 1994), or even what Damasio, Tranel, and Damasio (1987) refer to as acquired sociopathy” (Hare, 1996, pp 46). Likewise, Oltmanns, Neale, & Davison (1991) indicate that there is evidence of a genetically inheritable predisposition for psychopathy, possibly involving the autonomic nervous system, which is connected to emotion. This idea is based on studying psychopaths

Types of Serial Killers

946 words - 4 pages of authority and power. This feeling alleviates their desires momentarily, but after the need builds up again, they will act upon violence again. Symptoms of psychopathy and sociopathy disorder can be treated if diagnosed early on. Some common symptoms are excessive cruelty to animals, getting excited by violent performances, and having multiple personalities. Treatment involves medication and mental therapy. Note that the psychopaths and

Without Conscious: The Disturbing World of the Psychopaths

1881 words - 8 pages are doing and that is very dangerous. They need help even though they themselves do not believe that they need help and because there is little research about it, there needs to be more research done about it and there need to be more intervention for these types of people. The conclusions relate to other information, phenomena, and theories, because information about Psychopathy are related to another disorder such as sociopathy, psychotic, and

Inside the Mind of a Psychopath

1512 words - 6 pages regarded as highly antisocial, aggressive, and lacking in empathy.”(Encarta ® World English Dictionary) Psychopaths are known and most likely to have APD, which stands for Antisocial Personality Disorder. People who have APD are usually thoroughly tested to find any signs of psychopathy or even sociopathy in their mentalities. Not all people who have APD are bad, they just don’t understand and conform to they ways of human nature. Pyschopathy can be

Causes and Symptoms of Antisocial Personality Disorder

1362 words - 5 pages belongs to cluster B. People with this disorder are among the most dramatic of the individuals and are characterized by a long-standing pattern of a disregard for other people’s rights, often crossing the line and violating those rights (Firestone et al., 2010).It is important to note that Antisocial Personality Disorder is often referred to as psychopathy or sociopathy in popular culture. However, neither psychopathy nor sociopathy are recognized

The Mind of a Serial Killer

2295 words - 9 pages this paper, I will discuss what causes a human being to become a serial killer. Although social scientists have developed many theories to explain the mind of a serial killer, the scientific evidence supports the theories of sociopathy, psychopathy, sadistic fulfillment, childhood abuse, and genetics.      The Federal Bureau of Investigation defines a serial murder as the killing of several victims in ten or more separate incidents over an

East of Eden: An Analysis of Sociopaths

1384 words - 6 pages monsters born? The face and body may be perfect, but if a twisted gene or a malformed egg can produce physical monsters, may not the same process produce a malformed soul?" This is an introduction to the aberrant occurrences that are sociopaths. What are sociopaths, why do they do what they do, and why do people write about them? So what exactly is a sociopath and how can you identify one? Sociopathy is a psychological abnormality where a person

The Noble Savage Turned Ignoble

1232 words - 5 pages Look around the room. In one lifetime, the average person has met at least two or three sociopaths. Look around the room again. It could be someone in the same room, watching for signs of threat. In the study of psychosocial personality disorders, the origin of the sociopath has historically been the most mysterious. It has been a constant debate, and researchers have looked into both nature and nurture. In the end, however, sociopaths are most

Antisocial Personality Disorders among Criminals

1190 words - 5 pages victim with permission. (Long, n.d.). Antisocial personality disorders normally show up in a person’s life in early childhood to teen years, from the point on the person usually has this disorder all the way into the adult years. Antisocial personality disorder is often referred to as psychopathy or sociopathy are recognized as professional labels use for diagnosis. (“Antisocial Personality Disorder symptoms.”). There is no real cause for this

Defense of the Insanity Defense

2558 words - 10 pages psychopathy, and they will never be able to function in society (Schouten 2012). In cases where the person cannot be changed, there cannot be an allowance for their actions. In order to compensate for this facet of criminal psychology, the difference between mental illness and sociopathy must be clearly determined. As long as there is an established difference between the two, this defense can remain legally valid. The presentation of the insanity

Similar Essays

Sociopathic Tendencies: Inevitably Present In Our Genetic Makeup

1110 words - 4 pages believability behind genetics being the source of sociopathic tendencies. Offering an opinion that is based off of years of experience, Robert D. Hare, researcher of criminal psychology and developer of the PCL (psychopathy checklist), writes in his book , Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of Psychopaths Among Us, “I can find no convincing evidence that psychopathy [sociopathy] is the direct result of early social or environmental factors

Criminal Psycopathy Essay

1215 words - 5 pages might be a better way to describe a person with constellation of symptoms. Birnbaum really believed that antisocial behaviors rarely ever stemmed from constitutional flaws in the individuals character. The problem that arose from having sociopathy, was that too many individuals fall under those characteristics. Ever since the birth of sociopathy, the two have been compared back and forth ever since. Psychopathy and sociopathy in broad have the same

Antisocial Personality Disorder And Psychopathy Essay

2265 words - 10 pages . 3 Risk, disorder, and adaptation (pp. 570-598). New York: Wiley. Pemmet, J., Psychopathy versus sociopathy: Why the distinction has become crucial, Aggression and Violent Behavior (2013), Riser, R. E., & Kosson, D. S. (2013). Criminal behavior and cognitive processing in male offenders with antisocial personality disorder with and without comorbid psychopathy.. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research

Sociopath Essay

1175 words - 5 pages a kind of anti-social behavior. The term sociopath was first introduce in 1909 in Germany by biological psychiatrist Karl Birnbaum and in 1930 in the US by educational psychologist George E. Parttridge, as a subtype of Psychopath. It was used to indicate that the defining feature is violation of antisocial behavior. Robert Hare, who may believe that biological factors are predominant in causing psychopathy, claimed that sociopathy and