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Psychosocial Trust Byway Of Attachment Parenting

1332 words - 6 pages

From years prior to 1700 up until late 1980s, families have gradually transitioned from the traditional childrearing methods: large family, bed sharing with child, constant attention and care for child, and natural weaning to more modernized societal childrearing methods; separate sleeping, circumcision during infancy and latter years and promotion of early independence in child (Thevenin, 1989, p. 3-4). This transition to modernized ways has presented problems that had not been present in past years when families were following traditional childrearing methods (Thevenin, 1989, p. 5). Erikson’s theory states that with both maturation and the expectations of society come issues that parents are to confront and solve through childrearing (Santrock, 2011, p. 21). As a parent your main goal is in fact, aiding your child in confronting these issues all while preparing them for the world ahead of them. But according to Sears’ theory the best way to achieve the goal is through attachment parenting, which creates the best parent-child relationship from early childhood to teenage years making childrearing easier (p. 3 & 11).
The first stage of Erikson’s Theory, ‘Mistrust Vs. Trust’, occurs during infancy (Santrock, 2011, p. 22). Trust is considered to be the expectation that the world is a good place (Santrock, 2011, p. 21-22). In an infant, trust is based on whether or not their basic needs are met by their caregiver (Macalister, 2013, Slide 3). Often parents are encouraged to refrain from immediately responding to their child’s cry and to let them cry because they shouldn’t be rewarded for “misbehaving” (Sears, 2003, p. 6). Naturally, Infants are unable to do things for themselves and use words to communicate to their caregiver what they need at a given moment, thus crying is an infants way to communicate, which is why crying shouldn’t been deemed as misbehaving and be disregarded (Sears, 2003, p. 6). This type of response discourages the infant and he or she learns that he or she cannot clearly communicate and that he or she can not trust that his or her caregiver will meet his or her needs, consequently resulting in mistrust in the infant (Sears, 2003, p. 6). The lack of success with resolving the crisis, leads unhealthy development in the child (Santrock, 2011, p. 21).
The unsuccessful attempt at resolving the crisis was due to lack of communication between the parent and child, which is merely the central principle of Sears’ theory of attachment parenting whether it be the natural intuition of the mother or the mother responding to the baby’s cues. Successful attachment begins with birth bonding; birth bonding begins before birth and during the early weeks and months of the child’s life but continues throughout one’s life (Sears, 2003, p. 5). Birth bonding helps to commence the process of attachment between mother and child (Sears, 2003, p. 5). As the mother-child attachment progresses, both parent and child are coming to know each other....

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