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Psychotherapy: Three Principles Of The Analysis Of Transference

1523 words - 7 pages

Three principles of the analysis of transference are proposed: known as a process of change, redirection or alteration, transference can be a very effective implement in psychotherapy. With the research and opinions of therapist and journalist ranging from Ryan Howes Ph.D., Mark Dombeck Ph.D., Dr. Henriette T. Glatzer and Dr. Angela Molnos, there will be in depth definitions, explanations and reasoning as to why and how transference works.
There are numerous examples of transference reactions and how it takes place in group psychotherapy. Being recognized as a universal mental mechanism transference can easily emerge in group treatment. There are some group therapists who agree that ...view middle of the document...

Instead of remembering the past, he tries to relive his childhood attitudes more satisfactorily. He transfers past attitudes to the present. Macalpine refers to the fact that transference has now come to be recognized as a universal mental mechanism and on which everyone employs at some time in varying degrees. (Henriette T. Glatzer 1951 Transference in goup therapy).
Transference behavior occurs without the analyst's giving any provocation, the analyst has traditionally been considered as a mirror, a neutral, objective, anonymous figure. In the last few years, however, it has become recognized that this conception of the analyst cannot be maintained. Macalpine was among the first to point this out. She regards the transference as being induced from outside the patient, by the analytic situation and the analyst's behavior. Macalpine specifies the elements of the analytic situation which create an infantile setting and a threat to the patient to which the patient adapts by regression to an infantile state, which is the transference. These features include the curtailment of the object world, by the use of the couch, which limits vision, even leads to closing of the eyes, and requires an infantile posture, the constancy of the environment, which fosters fantasy, the fixed routine which is reminiscent of infantile care, the lack of response from the analyst, which is a repetition of infantile situations, the interpretations on an infantile level, the reduction of ego function to a state intermediate between waking and sleeping, the diminished personal responsibility in the analytic sessions, the elements of magic, infantile in nature, in the patient-physician relationship, the liberation of fantasy from conscious control in free association, the authority of the analyst inherent in the situation, the disillusionment of the patient's expectation that he will be dependent on and loved by the analyst, leading to regression, the inability to select and guide thoughts, a facet of infantile frustration, the frustration of every gratification by the analyst, leading to regression and the resulting divorce from the reality principle, and regression to the pleasure principle. These conditions cannot help but produce regression to an infantile state. (Ida Macalpine M.D. 1950 Psychoanalytic Quarterly)
I’ve also found that based on Freud’s opinion that when an individual becomes part of a group, his unconscious mental processes tend to dominate his conscious ones. There are therapist though who argue that transference can emerge easily in group treatment. Some group therapists agree that transference is a primary mechanism in group psychotherapy and one from which all other therapeutic dynamics stem.
There are yet and still other therapists that assert that since group therapy is less artificial than individual therapy, transference is hastened. A lot of group therapist feels that the mutual support among patients reduces anxiety and lowers resistance. After...

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