Ego- Theseus: gives Hermia choices, is willing to compromise
"Whether, if you yield not to your father's choice" act 1 scene 1 line 71
The play A Midsummer Night's Dream by William Shakespeare holds many aspects of the psychoanalytical lense. However, none of the main characters are a perfect example of any one of the three subtopics, the Id, the Ego, or the Superego. The character Oberon, the fairy king, represents both the Id and the Superego with his efforts to benefit his own needs as well as a young lover's needs. Theseus, the Athenian king, portrays the ego with his attempts to give another young lover a choice. The Id, the Ego, and the Superego are all seen throughout the play.
The Id is seen through many instances throughout the play. A character that portrays this very well is the fairy king, Oberon. He poisons his wife so he can get his way. While arguing with his wife, he says
"Do you amend it then. It lies in you./
Why should Titania cross her Oberon?/
I do but beg a little changeling boy/
To be my henchman" (2.1.119-123).
This shows that Oberon will not give in to his wife's will and is only interested what he wants. Once he realizes that he will not get his way, he decides to get his way by force. He uses a potion to poison his wife. While thinking to himself, he says “I'll watch Titania when she is asleep/ And drop the liquor of it in her eyes” (2.1.181-182). This shows that he does not care if he loses his wife, he only wants to “win” the argument. This is something an Id would do because Id’s do not consider the consequences of their actions. Oberon might lose his wife because of his actions, but he is blinded by his desire to get his way. Oberon does not only represent an Id, he represents a Super Ego too.
The fairy king Oberon portrays the Super Ego throughout A Midsummer Night’s Dream. This is ironic because he also portrays the Id, and the Id and the Super Ego are opposite. Oberon portrays the Super Ego by helping a young athenian woman get her love. He feels sympathy for her because she is so distressed. He tells his servant that “A sweet Athenian lady is in love/ With a disdainful youth. Anoint his eyes,” (2.1.265-266). He sees...