In the summer of 1993 Prime Minister Kim Campbell, declared the start of a major reorganizing plan. The Government of Canada’s initiative in restructuring that began in June resulted in the creation of the department of Human Resources and Development Canada (HRDC) and what is now referred to as Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) (Archives, 2009).
The HRDC was the integration of various components from former departments and was created to improve the delivery of federal policies and programs regarding employment, job retraining, and skills development through the merging of employment and Immigration, Labor, Health and Welfare, and the Secretary of State. This change also included a reduction in the number of cabinet ministers, going from 40 to 24. This abolished many minor departments and agencies as well as merged other departments together to form larger ones, such as Human Resources Development Canada and Industry Canada. Other changes included folding the Office of the Comptroller General into the Treasury Board Secretariat, and developing ‘ministerial portfolios’ that clustered departments, agencies and commissions together in order to encourage greater horizontal coordination (Wanna, Jensen & Vries, 2010).
This reorganization reduced the number of spenders, but did not strengthen the role of guardians, watchdogs or priority-setters. The Treasury Board continued to show confusion over its new role. Eliminating the Comptroller General’s office meant that financial management watchdogs in many departments and agencies had less influence and status. Finance had to deal with powerful spenders in the enlarged and newly established ‘mega’ departments like Industry Canada and Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC), and priority-setters in the Privy Council and the Prime Minister’s offices continued to support spenders over guardians. In a nutshell, spenders and their allies had become too strong and guardians and their allies too weak. There was a growing need to strike a new and more fundamental balance (Wanna, Jensen & Vries, 2010).
“The foundation of The Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) was to develop a standard of living and quality of life for all Canadians” (Employment and Social Development Canada, 2014). It was created to help protect and reinforce Canada’s societal structure by supporting the well being of individuals, families and communities and by participating in citizen-focused policies, programs and services (Employment and Social Development Canada, n.d.). ESDC's mission is to build a “stronger and more competitive Canada”, to aid the Canadian community in constructing productive and rewarding lives through good choices (Employment and Social Development Canada, 2014).
Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) is the department of the Government of Canada that is responsible for giving Canadians tools in order to succeed in the workplace (Employment and Social Development Canada,...