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Puerto Rican Culture Development Within The New York Diaspora

782 words - 4 pages

According to census research at Lehman College (1), during 1945 to the 1950’s more than half a million Puerto Rican natives migrated to several parts of the USA, originally from their own homeland, Puerto Rico. Several of the locations that Puerto Ricans migrated to include Chicago, New Jersey, Boston, Philadelphia, and New York City. One of the cities that experienced a large boom of Puerto Rican population was New York. This period was known as the “Great Migration” and had several factors that led to the mass migration. Some of these major events include the 1917 signing of the Jones-Shafroth Act by Woodrow Wilson, and the Great Depression. Afterwards, Puerto Ricans were permanent citizens of the US From these events. This still poses the questions as to why did a large portion of Puerto Ricans decide to migrate to the US, how did Puerto Ricans develop their identities in New York after the migration and what effect it had towards New York.
As we know currently, Puerto Ricans currently are permanent citizens of the United States, but some years before, Puerto Ricans didn’t even have citizenship in the US. It all started at the end of the Spanish – American War in 1898, when Spain and the United States met in order to sign the Treaty of Paris, which would officially end the war that the US and Spain were having. This also led to the acquisition of Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines. Further on in time, Woodrow Wilson signed the Jones-Shafroth act, which gave Puerto Ricans Citizenship towards the United States. This is one of the first major steps the US took towards welcoming Puerto Ricans outside of their homeland. Now they had another place to call home instead of Puerto Rico. Later on, the Great Depression hit the United States, and it affected Puerto Rico harshly because they were very dependent on the US, because US investors brought jobs over from the US, and these investors couldn’t provide jobs due to the stock market crash. So they had to lower wages and cut off production. So then this is where we start to see Puerto Ricans start to migrate into Miami, and then soon after New York when the transportation is appears. They start migrating due to hoping on finding a new start in the states...

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