This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Punic Wars; Knock Out Essay Style

937 words - 4 pages

The Punic Wars led to the Roman dominance of the western Mediterranean and the destruction of Carthage. The First Punic War established Roman control over the strategic islands of Corsica and Sicily. In the Second Punic War Hannibal attempted to conquer Rome that resulted in great loss of Carthaginian territories. The Third Punic War resulted in the final destruction of Carthage, the enslavement of its population, and Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean.The First Punic War (264-241 BC) was the outcome of growing political and economic rivalry between the Romans and Carthaginians. The greatest naval power of the Mediterranean at that time was the North African city of Carthage near modern day Tunis. The Carthaginians were originally a Phoenician colony. While the Romans were steadily increasing their control over the Italian peninsula, the Carthaginians were extending their empire over most of North Africa and into Spain. These two mighty empires came into contact in the middle of the third century BC when Rome's power had reached the southern tip of Italy. Between Carthage and Italy lay the huge island of Sicily. Rome saw Sicily as great farming ground to feed its growing population. Rome besieged many of the Carthaginian cities on Sicily, and when Carthage attempted to raise the siege with its navy, the Romans destroyed that navy. For the first time since the rise of the Carthaginian Empire, they had lost power over the seaways. The war ended with no particular side winning over the other.The Second Punic War (218-201 BC) was a series of wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian Empire that resulted in Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean. Eventually after the First Punic War, Carthage acquired a new base in Spain, where they could renew the war against Rome. In 219 Hannibal, a brilliant strategist and leader captured Sagunto on the east coast of the Iberian Peninsula. Rome demanded his withdrawal, but Carthage refused, and Rome declared war. Because now Rome controlled the sea, Hannibal led his army overland through Spain and Gaul and then across the Alps. Roman troops tried to halt his advance but were outmatched, and Hannibal's hold over northern Italy was established. But Hannibal was still afraid to attack Rome directly. Instead, he took over other cities, such as Capua, the second largest town in Italy. He hoped to provoke the local population to rebel. But despite his certainty that Roman allies would join him, those allies remained faithful to Rome. The Romans, desperate because of their losses, asked Fabius Maximus to become absolute dictator of Rome. His strategy was to avoid direct warfare at any cost and to simply harass the Carthaginians until they will be weak enough to approach openly. But when Hannibal marched into Cannae in southern Italy and started destroying the countryside in 216...

Find Another Essay On Punic Wars; knock-out essay style

The Punic Wars Essay

1186 words - 5 pages The Punic Wars were made of three major wars. The last war was kind of a punishment for Carthage from Rome. The two powers in these wars were Rome and Carthage. Rome was controlling the main peninsula of Italy while Carthage was controlling the islands and trade of the Mediterranean. Rome and Carthage were once on a friendly term until things went south well. The Punic Wars have major historical content that involve both leaders on opposite side

"The Strategy of a warrior state: Rome and the wars against Carthage, 264-201 B.C."

2162 words - 9 pages INTRODUCTIONThis critical paper will review Bernstein's case study as it relates to the theoretical frameworks set out in Clausewitz, Corbett, Mahan and Sun Tsu. Certain critical elements of strategy as identified by the classical strategists noted-above will be selected and analyzed within the context of the Punic War. The selected elements of strategy are as follow: (1) strategic assumption, (2) strategic center of gravity and policy match, (3

Carthage And The Punic Wars

1194 words - 5 pages that time ran by Phyrrus of Epirus.      Rome had signed three peace treaties with Carthage, however in 246 BC Rome decided that with the Roman conquest of southern Italy, the Carthaginians in Sicily were now too close for comfort. This began the Punic wars. There were three Punic wars. Rome and Carthage were the two strongest contenders of the central Mediterranean Sea of that time. In each of these wars Carthage lost

Rome from state to empire

780 words - 3 pages Rome. The second reason was because of the tremendous social solidarity and the third was Publius Cornelius Scorpio a Roman commander who was able to run Hannibal out of Italy. In 202 B.C., the Roman and Carthaginian forces met at Zama, where the Roman army destroyed the Carthaginian forces. This victory put an end to the second Punic War and to Carthaginian political power.149 B.C. marked the start of the third Punic War. Unlike the first and

Nazi Germany and how it Fell

1276 words - 6 pages has Information on how Carthage fell when they lost the Punic wars and Rome burnt them down and they died because qall of there homes were burnt down and they ran out of food and they just burnt to death. When Hannibal died and failed to win the Third Punic War Rome burnt down Carthage. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Carthage_(c._149_BC). The example on this society is that After Nazi Germany lost the first WW they had to pay a huge debt

United States of today is like the Roman Empire

1391 words - 6 pages called the Punic Wars. In the First Punic War (264-241 B.C.), Rome conquered Sicily, an island off the tip of Italy, and made it the first Roman province. Rome also seized two other Mediterranean islands--Sardinia and Corsica. In the Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.), the brilliant Carthaginian general Hannibal Barca led his army over the Alps into Italy. He won several key battles, but Roman manpower and endurance eventually wore him down. Under

Roman Wars

2072 words - 9 pages Greece. The Romans were so goods at war now that only about 250 Romans were killed. The losers had about 10,000 warriors killed in battle. Some of them were taken as prisoners, slaves, and some also had to fight for Rome. The biggest rival of Rome in Rome’s history was Carthage. This rivalry led to 3 wars. These wars were called “The Punic Wars”. It consisted of The First Punic War, The Second Punic War and The Third Punic War. These all ranged

Punic Wars, Hannibal

2206 words - 9 pages Classics 2029: Roman Republican HistoryWeek 7 the Punic Wars (T.P.1)Cormac Griffin: A1177407What did the war against Hannibal reveal about the extent of Rome's control over Italy at the beginning of the second century B.C.?IntroductionHannibal's invasion of Italy shook Rome to its very core. A series of crushing military defeats, culminating at Cannae in 216 B.C. with the death of 50,000 - 70,000 Roman and allied troops (see Polybius, Book III

The Vitality of Rome’s Loyal Allies for Expansion

1026 words - 5 pages areas of the Mediterranean until her power stretched out both east, west and south of the actual city of Rome (149 BC). Therefore, Rome’s successful expansion is due to the loyalty of her allies. The establishment of loyalty between Rome and her allies allowed her to conquer their territories while still maintaining cooperation between the two, thus allowing expansion. Rome’s first alliances were with the Saminites in order to overthrow the alliance

The History of Roman Government

2339 words - 9 pages citizenship to subject states after they had proved their loyalty. (Starr, The Emergence of Rome) In turn, Rome gained men for the Army. This sensible, and practical characteristic goes far in explaining not only the initial conquest but also the relatively easy acceptance of Roman rule. With Rome in control of its immediate territory, the next step to expansion would be the Punic wars with the great African empire, Carthage. (Starr, The Emergence of

The 1st Punic War 264 - 241 BC

885 words - 4 pages known as the 1st Punic War. The Phoenicians founded Carthage, and the Latin word for Phoenicians was Punicus, that's why the wars between there two powers are called the Punic Wars.The rulers of Carthage weren't too happy about the retreat, so they send a larger fleet to Messena. This fleet pushed the Roman fleet out. Rome saw this as a serious threat and they then sent in a consul army, which consisted of 20,000 men. The larger Roman Consul

Similar Essays

How The Punic Wars Changed Rome And Carthage

1343 words - 6 pages How the Punic Wars Changed Rome and Carthage The Punic Wars were a series of wars that destroyed an empire. The three wars were fought between Rome and Carthage. The First Punic War started in 264 B.C. with a dispute over land in Sicily. These wars had a major effect showing that Rome was a dominant force. These wars also gave Rome land stretching from Italy down the eastern coast of Spain and through northern Africa until Carthage, Tunisia

"Were The Punic Wars A Phyrric Victory For The Roman Republic?" Supported With 2 Argumentsand Supporting Facts

884 words - 4 pages "Were the Punic Wars a phyrric victory for the Roman Republic?"The term "Punic Wars" refers to the series of wars fought between Rome and Carthage between 264 and 146 BCE. The Romans called the Carthaginians Poeni (Phoenicians), from which is derived the adjective "Punic." There were three Punic Wars: The first war marked the first Roman involvement outside of Italy, and represents the beginning of the Roman conquest of the Mediterranean. The

The Punic Wars Essay

992 words - 4 pages Discuss the Punic Wars. What caused the conflicts between Carthage and Rome? What were the consequences for both sides? There was a series of three Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome with the first occurring between 264 BCE and the last one ending in 146 BCE. The reasoning and motives for the three wars varies. However, no matter what the motives of the wars were, the end result was the defeat and total destruction of the Carthaginian

What Is Carthage? Essay

870 words - 4 pages such as Baal and Tanit. After a while some of the Greek spirits were refined to their culture (Juno, Demeter, Persephone). There were many wars that the Carthaginians fought in; the First Punic War was one of them. In the beginning Rome’s navy was weaker than Carthage’s, so they posed no threat. The Carthaginians forced Rome to a treaty so that the romans couldn’t trade in the west Mediterranean Sea. Then Rome changed the style of