This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Punishment And Sentencing Guidelines And Issues

2415 words - 10 pages

Untitled

Running head: FINAL ESSAY

Essay

Punishment and Sentencing�

After researching the National Center for State Courts of Texas the system structures are as follows. Municipal court consists of 917 cities 1,414 judges. In this court you have local trial courts of limited jurisdiction. The Municipal Courts consists of Criminal misdemeanors punishable by fine only (no confinement). Such as traffic cases non-criminal traffic violations, ordinance violations and parking violations. There is exclusive original jurisdiction over municipal ordinance criminal cases. You have limited civil jurisdiction in cases involving dangerous dogs.

Justice Courts 821 Courts, and 821 Judges. Such as Landlord/Tenant unlawful detainer. You also have Local Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction. These courts consist of civil actions of not more than $10,000. In these courts you can bring forth a small claim.

Next we have County level Courts 494 Courts and 494 Judges these courts are county trial courts of limited jurisdiction. The following consists of Constitutional County Courts, County Courts at Law and Statutory Probate Court. The Constitutional County Courts has 254 courts original jurisdiction in civil actions between $200 and $10,000. Cases of these matters can consist of Automobile tort, Mental Health, tax cases, marriage dissolution, other domestic relations, Probate (contested matters) may be transferred to District Court. In this court you have exclusive original jurisdiction over misdemeanors with fines greater than $500 or jail sentence. Such cases as Person, property, drug, Motor vehicle DWI/DUI. Juvenile matters are also handled in this court. Appeals de novo from lower courts or on the record from municipal courts of record are also heard here. These juvenile cases consist of juvenile status offense and juvenile non-criminal traffic violations.

County Courts at Law consist of 222 courts. All civil, criminal, original and appellate actions prescribed by law for constitutional county courts. In addition, jurisdiction over civil matters between $200 and $100,000 (some courts may have higher maximum jurisdiction amount). Statutory Probate Courts consists of 18 courts. This court is limited primarily to probate matters.

State Trial Courts of General and Special Jurisdiction consist of District Courts 444 courts and 444 judges. In these courts we have original jurisdiction in civil actions of $200 or $500, divorce, title to land, contested elections. These courts have original jurisdiction in felony criminal matters. The 13 district courts are designated criminal district courts; some others are directed to give preference to certain specialized areas. There are 347 districts containing one county & 97 districts containing more than one county. These courts handle case similar to those in the county level courts.

Courts of Appeals consist of 14 courts and 80...

Find Another Essay On Punishment and sentencing guidelines and issues

Plea Bargains and Mandatory Sentencing Essay

560 words - 2 pages Plea Bargains and Mandatory Sentencing I would like to take this time to explain my position on Plea Bargains and Mandatory Sentencing. I will show both pros and cons for each topic, as well as give you my personal brief on which one I support. There are two types of plea bargains : The first one is a charge bargain. When the prosecutor allows a defendant to "plead guilty to a lesser charge”, or to only some of the charges that have

Capital punishment needs to be abolished for it is manifestly unjust and there is disparity in sentencing

917 words - 4 pages number of the executions has not declined, but it is rising every year. Which means, " Eye for an eye" method feeds the cycle of violence that never seems to stop. Everyone hopes for world peace and peace does not appear by communicating the message that killing is wrong by killing someone. It is without humanity. For these reasons, I absolutely think we should abolish capital punishment for it is manifestly unjust and there is disparity in sentencing.

The Sentencing Of Julius And Ethel Rosenberg

2325 words - 10 pages Communist activities abroad (Wexley 397). The Rosenbergs were given such an extreme punishment because they could be the scapegoats of a propaganda war between the Communists and the anti-Communists (Radosh 452).On the day of the Rosenbergs sentencing, the fear of the American people was evident. The headlines of the New York Times read "A Third World War May Be Near," "Troops for Europe Backed by Senate, House Asked to Act," and others that

BeSS (Clean, Safe, and Healthy) Recognition Guidelines

1337 words - 6 pages recognition guidelines that emphasizes on healthy eating is in comply with Regulation 18B of Food Regulations (Amendment) 2009 which stated that the amount of energy, protein, carbohydrate and fat shall be written on the label of the food. IDENTIFICATION OF PROPOSED ISSUES Based on my observation on one of the food stall in Seri Kembangan, I have identified the issue regarding the display of registration certificate. The food stall operator has failed

Global Ethical Guidelines and Drug Use

1214 words - 5 pages caused the human race from reaching a conclusion in things such as cures for illnesses, advancement in technology, and discovering the future of the human race. Throughout history there have been many incidents in which these guidelines produced by ethical judgments have prevented gradual advancement in knowledge or have protected the harm that would otherwise be inflicted. The area of natural sciences I have chosen is the usage of Thalidomide

Exercise And Resistance Training Guidelines For Children

1922 words - 8 pages rigorous physical activity. In fact, it is noted, Westcott (2003:1), that children are less enthusiastic in participating in any form of exercise, often 20 to 30 minutes in duration, which places a strong sense of work ethic on endurance. Having mentioned the above, conventional exercise routines and fitness methods, to improve one’s cardiovascular activity, may not be the most practical for youngsters dealing with weight issues. Before going

Ethical Procedures and Guidelines Defining Pschycological Research

972 words - 4 pages Psychological research is often a very controversial subject among experts. Many people feel that there are many moral standards that are often not followed. Others may believe that there is much harmful misinformation that can often be harmful to subject and others. Still others believe that psychology is a lot of theories without any reinforcing information. Whether any of these assumptions may be true or not, there have been guidelines

Nutritional Guidelines for Infants and Toddlers

793 words - 3 pages of the many benefits of breast feeding for the baby, a mother should breast feed for one year (pg. 174). This is also a very emotional time of bonding for the mother and baby. Although my daughter is 14 years old now, I can still remember the little smiles she would do as she would nurse. Benefits of breast-feeding do not just add to the health of the child but also help to prevent some health issues as well, such as ear infections

U.S. Supreme Court and the Impact of Sentencing

1753 words - 7 pages . (Peter Finn and Dale Parent, June 1993) One of the sentencing provisions that are mandated in the jurisdiction of Georgia includes a standardized set of standards. These standards are an attempt to minimize recidivism and maintain control of the court mandated conditions. The surveillance standards for the probation officers are as follows: ? Five face-to-face contacts per week ? Mandatory community service ? Mandatory employment ? Mandatory

Guidelines and Benefits of Teenage Nutrition: Questions and Answers

1159 words - 5 pages Question 1 – Explain the Australian Dietary Guidelines and their benefits. The Australian Dietary Guidelines promotes a healthy lifestyle by providing clear, easily understandable and accurate researched based dietary advice. Information that can be obtained from the guidelines include the types of food, portions, food groups, and recommended dietary patterns to assist Australians to gain, maintain and promote a healthy lifestyle and eating

Cruel and Unusual Punishment

1015 words - 5 pages unusual punishment clause can have many interpretations when it comes to what is considered “cruel and unusual”. Kenneth Jost explains in his article by CQ Researcher called “Sentencing Debates”, “1960’s-1970’s: Calls for sentencing reform: Liberals seek to reduce disparities; conservatives want to provide certainty, check ‘leniency’ by judges, parole boards” (Jost). The author discusses how in the early 1960’s people were trying to limit the rights

Similar Essays

Judges Allocation And Sentencing Guidelines Essay

1003 words - 4 pages sentencing procedure in that given jurisdiction. When considering procedures for sentencing, it is important to know that the outset that sentencing is an area in which jurisdictions vary considerably, and to distinguish the differences in sentencing systems may have an important bearing on the applicable procedures. Nonetheless, except where mandatory sentencing guidelines apply, criminal judges maintain a fair degree of discretion. However they

Writings Guidelines And Issues Essay

1169 words - 5 pages In "How to Say Nothing in 500 Words," Roberts convincingly argues that writing has many guidelines, which should be followed when one is writing in order to construct a system for students to assist them in their writing. Roberts uses imagery, an anecdote of college football player’s daily rituals, a confident tone, hyperbole, and the removal of euphemisms to argue that his writing guidelines are correct. Roberts’ strong writing helps him make

Sentencing And Punishment: The Quest For Justice By Susan Easton And Christine Pipe

1045 words - 5 pages the Fair Sentencing Act is not 100% fair, it did work to provide many changes in the sentencing guidelines. One of the changes that occurred was no longer requiring a five-year mandatory sentence for those who possessed crack (WOLA). In the book’ “Sentencing and Punishment: The Quest for Justice”, authors Susan Easton and Christine Piper state different practices used in the judicial field. The book hosted many interesting facts that can easily be

Gay, Lesbian And Bisexual Issues Pastoral Guidelines For Ministry To Homosexuals

1420 words - 6 pages Typical Pastoral Guidelines For Ministry to Homosexuals   This essay takes a typical Catholic parish and presents the guidelines used by this parish in the treatment of gay/les types. The guidelines illustrate the welcoming attitude of this church toward gays.   The guidelines are pastoral in character, intended to help priests and parish ministers meet their obligation to serve kindly and conscientiously all who turn to the