This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Punishment Research Paper

1218 words - 5 pages

Punishment Research Paper PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 6
Punishment Research PaperWilliam WardAxia College of University of PhoenixSOC120 Intro to SociologyYvonne MooreMarch 2, 2008IntroductionWebster's dictionary defines 'punishment' as a penalty inflicted on an offender through judicial procedure (Merriam-Webster, 2007). The type and severity of this punishment has fueled debates for decades. To many, the consequences of the crime should be calculated based on the gravity of the wrong done. In today's society there are four forms of punishment that are used to deter criminal behavior: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and societal protection. In this paper we will look at the effects of these four types of punishment on American society.RetributionBy far the oldest form of punishment would be retribution. The attitude of revenge was probably the first form of retribution, and is also referenced in the Old Testament with the 'eye for an eye' statement. The In the Middle Ages, most people viewed crime as a sin that was an offense against God as well as society (Macionis, J.J. 2006, p.182) The interesting aspect of retribution is that it looks backward toward the original crime, and justifies the punishment by what the criminal deserves. There is also the issue of closure for the victims and their families. Because most punishments do not reflect the crime that was committed, the most significant form of retribution is capital punishment.Capital punishment pits two important demands of society against each other: retribution for violating the most fundamental law against murder against a society's desire to eliminate a culture of violence. Opponents of capital punishment claim that it is State sanctioned murder, and proponents say that it is retribution for the crime committed. You will find many statements about the fact that homicide rates in death penalty states are higher then those without a death penalty. The question is whether it is because capital punishment cheapens the value of life to those in that state, or is it because individuals in states with high homicide rates demand the death penalty as a perceived deterrent.DeterrenceIn general, deterrence focuses on the prevention of crime by making an example of specific deviants. It is based on fear and works as a threat. It is the threat that is supposed to be sufficient to deter most people from committing crimes. Originally the offenders were punished in public view in order to deter others from similar deviant behavior. The question is whether offenders actually pause to consider the possible punishment for a crime they are about to commit; especially if drugs or alcohol are involve. Crimes of passion are another situation that would preclude introspection before action.The basic idea that humans will not break the law if they think that the pains of punishment outweigh the pleasures of crime (Macionis, J.J., 2006) is what perpetuates the concept of deterrence. This deterrence comes in...

Find Another Essay On Punishment Research Paper

capital Punishment Essay

1950 words - 8 pages they were asked for evidence, they refused, “ it [was not] subjected to peer review and no report has been issued” to release the evidence (Cramer 1). Nonetheless, there has been no “valid statistical evidence of racial discrimination in the death penalty” (Cramer 1). Finally, a “statistical analysis by Dr. Isaac Ehrlich at the University of Chicago suggests that capital punishment is, in fact, a deterrent” (Anderson 1). Furthermore, the research

Capital punishment Essay

1862 words - 7 pages Capital Punishment has been an issue of arguments for centuries. This topic was even of more importance during the 1700's than the present, because the quantities of punished people were significantly larger than now. In that time it was easy for an individual to loose his life for a small crime. In this research paper we will examine the views of two different types of people on this subject.The first person is a reverend from 18th century

Capital punishment

3587 words - 14 pages to affirm a pattern of deterrence in the relationship between executions, risk and homicide rates."(Deterrence, Brutalization or Nonsense: A Critique of Isaac Ehrlich's Research on Capital Punishment, Bowers and Pierce , Center for Applied Social Research, Northeastern University, unpublished, 1975:35. From Hann p.6)"Bowers and Pierce take the view that available data are totally inadequate for researching the deterrence question. However, they

Capital Punishment

1495 words - 6 pages is credible and non-bias because it is written by the associated press and has government used statistics to base its facts off of. Social Research, “Post-Modern meditations on punishment.” Gale Encyclopedia 24 June 2007. This article discusses the researches done throughout universities all over the United States in which people are polled to see the youth’s stance on the usage of the death penalty. It also in turn talks about the

Corporal Punishment and Abuse

1874 words - 8 pages and slapped by their parents it promotes the feeling of insolence and abhorrence in them. They think that their parents do not love them and thus a sense of fear prevails in the victims mind. Gershoff in her research paper on corporal punishment states that “The painful nature of corporal punishment can evoke feelings of fear, anxiety, and anger in children; if these emotions are generalized to the parent, they can interfere with a positive

Punishment and Retaliation

1544 words - 6 pages often overlooked if harm does not occur or something beneficial comes from the action. The assessment and analysis of research done at a number of different experimental levels helped Cushman to arrive at the aforementioned conclusion. In his paper, “Crime and Punishment: Distinguishing the Roles of Causal and Intentional Analyses in Moral Judgment” Cushman uses a number of experiments to support his theory. One experiment involving a welder

Theories of Punishment

809 words - 4 pages The criminal justice system is the system of law enforcement that takes an extensive position in prosecuting, defending, sentencing, and punishing those who are suspected or convicted of criminal offenses. It is essential to know the many theories of punishment that the justice system has created in their minds that eventually became a part of society. This paper will analyze the theoretical explanations of punishment and their effect on

Capital Punishment: Annotated Bibliography

1960 words - 8 pages examining cases, it is important to look at the crime, the punishment, the prisoner’s mental state, and prison life. The final research paper will begin by discussing the death penalty and the views society has, followed by an evaluation of those views. Society operates on moral principles so that will influence arguments. After an examination of arguments, it is important to see if the death penalty deters crime or it is simply another form of

Capital Punishment and Politics

3922 words - 16 pages Capital punishment is a long debated, strongly felt issue that is difficult to resolve. This paper will examine the history behind the issue, the moral and empirical claims made on both sides of the argument and will offer a closer look into who is greatly affected by the use of capital punishment. Careful consideration is made concerning the people behind the issue such as victims, victims’ families, and society as a whole. The following

Punishment in Prison

4108 words - 16 pages total institution can be defined as all aspects of life (eating, recreation, etc.) being conducted in the same place under the same authority. As prisons developed and more research was done, prisons became institutions of reform as well as punishment. Prisoners are given jobs to promote responsibility and a sense of independence. This approach is supposed to enable criminals to re-enter society as a "morally better person." There is also an indirect

Capital Punishment in America

2723 words - 11 pages The death penalty in America has been a controversial topic for many years. There are many organizations both fighting for and against capital punishment. No matter what type of research or actions are taken toward capital punishment there have always been disagreements. There are many factors that are incorporated in whether or not someone believes the death penalty should be used. These factors for both sides can be the chance of innocence

Similar Essays

Punishment Research Paper

1553 words - 6 pages Punishment Research Paper PAGE 1 Punishment Research PaperAxia College of University of PhoenixSOC120Jeff WeigelSeptember 12, 2008Punishment as a component of the law is not something new. It is known to exist and been practiced since the early history of human existence. It is expressed in different forms and severity. It may be a temporary form of punishment such as imprisonment or imposing sorts of fine. It can be a life long punishment

Punishment Research Paper

1652 words - 7 pages The Wallace Group Case StudyUniversity of PhoenixChiquita HooksNovember 2, 2008SOC 120/ FELICIA BRIDGEWATERIntroductionThis paper will address the most important problems facing The Wallace Group.Recommendations to Harold Wallace, President and Chairman of the organization will beformulated, in an effort to begin the process of restructuring the company fordevelopment and growth. Finally, a description of how to educate a manager to managean

Assignment: Punishment Research Paper Statistics Show That There Is A High Rate Of Criminal Recidivism In The United States. This Raises The Question, "Does Punishment Deter Crime?"

993 words - 4 pages Punishment Research Paper 1Punishment Research PaperPunishment Research Paper 2The concept of punishment and its practical application and justification during the past half-century have shown a marked deviance from efforts to reform and rehabilitate offenders. The four justifications for punishment currently used in our society today are retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation and societal protection. Punishment in its very concept is favorably

Capital Punishment Essay

1462 words - 6 pages The topic I chose for my research paper is capital punishment. I chose this topic because; this is one of the hot political issues around the world today. Capital Punishment has been in the national spotlight for many years and the center of the debate and it still remains a hot issue. I think capital punishment should be abolished because it violates religious beliefs about killing, cost so much money, inhumane and show no respect to God's