Students Metacognitive Abilities Essay

2311 words - 9 pages

Literature Review

Research on the Problem
Researchers and theorists have sought the key behind getting students to learn for decades. For every theory placed on the table, there is another waiting to clear it off and replace it. This dichotomy can be challenging for teachers who are searching for the answers to help them reach their students especially when these students are asked to do mundane tasks like memorize. In addition, many teachers struggle to identify the root cause of their student’s struggles with material, and once pin pointed, they often find it difficult to address these causes.
What are the exact challenges the students are struggling with? In her research, Nancy Joseph, believes the answer to this question lies in a lack of metacognitive ability in the students. “Your ability to plan, monitor, and evaluate your performance reveals sophisticated cognitive activity.” (Joseph, 2006) If the students are not capable of reaching this level of cognitive ability, they will not be able to grow with the difficulty of the class material. Each student learns best in his or her own way, and by understanding this “learners are able to use their academic strengths to develop additional skills and understanding, moving toward greater intellectual maturity.” (Joseph, 2006) Students cannot develop critical thinking skills as it relates to content if they do not possess the skill to think critically at all.
The pathway to metacognitive ability begins with self-reflection. At the junior high level, students are unaware that the ability to be reflective is a skill that will carry them through life; not just in their current Language Arts Classroom (Joseph, 2006). Teachers are told almost daily about how important it is to make material relevant for the students and get them thinking about what it all means. Self-reflection skills can help the students to do this; however, teachers need to understand that they are responsible for teaching this skill as well as their content.
Language Arts classrooms, at the middle grade levels, are rife with material that most do not consider exciting or interesting. Grammar has become a four letter word, and memorizing key rules is important to using words correctly. The definition of grammar alone is confusing. It is defined as “the way language manipulates and combines words in order to form longer units of meaning.” (Tuan & Minh Doan, 2010) As authors Tuan and Doan (2010) noted, simply knowing these rules that govern the English language does not make it easy or motivating. Telling the students that they must memorize these grammar rules in order to write well does not work, and yet, lecture appears to be the format of instruction that most teachers rely upon.
Memorization requires motivation; however, it also requires an active learning participant. Sylvia Rockwell (2007) addresses this issue in her article Working Smarter, Not harder: Reaching the Tough to Teach. Most students feel...

Find Another Essay On Students Metacognitive Abilities

An Examination of Language Learning Strategies Used by College Students in Mainland China

2271 words - 10 pages language learners make use of great variety of strategies to cope with the problems they face in the process of language study (Cohen, 1987; O’Malley & Chamot, 1990). Generally speaking, metacognitive and cognitive strategies are frequently used among language learners. In a study conducted by O’Malley et al (1985), it was found that students prefer to use metacognitive, cognitive and social-affective strategies. Ngnyen and Godwyll (2010) claimed

Metacognition in Learning Essay

835 words - 4 pages it’s learned and adapt it to changes. It is fundamental to prepare elementary students to have awareness of metacognition because it’s a key in the process of learning. Metacognition is important because it makes the student grow their intellectual abilities by constructing new meanings of their learning. The benefits of metacognition in elementary students are that they will be able to confront any activity efficiently, resolve problems

Assessment of Technological Proficiencies

1368 words - 5 pages assessment are an important aspect in the educational arena. A possible solution in meeting the learning standards is students’ active engagement in the classroom. This engagement encourages learners to appreciate their learning abilities. Educators can fully support student’s learning by using technology and provide a full integration of technology in the classroom. Technology, as a tool to support student learning, can give all students

Learners Autonomy in Language Learning

1474 words - 6 pages order to push them increase their self-esteem. There are two types of students: students with high self-satisfaction and students with low self-satisfaction, and these two categories of students are different in terms of language learning. The former category shows high qualities and abilities in the process of language learning unlike the latter. There are many ways to make students, lifelong learners and autonomous. In higher education, normally

Teaching Problem Solving Heuristics at the Primary Level

2481 words - 10 pages mathematical potential. The focus should be on the area that deals with improving problem-solving abilities of students. Due to the nature of problem solving, it becomes important that students are taught the process skills required to solve the various types of non-routine and unfamiliar problems. Therefore, classroom teachers should plan and implement teaching of heuristics to improve achievement of students at the primary level. What are heuristics

Thinking Aloud

1441 words - 6 pages Thinking Aloud Reading comprehension may be the most important skill for any student to acquire and is therefore an area of particular interest to educators. Without adequate comprehension skills, students are limited in their reading, analytical and occupational abilities. To many, including the student’s themselves, comprehension or “good reading” skills begin and end with simple decoding. It is thought that if students can

Intervention Approaches for Children with Auditory Processing Disorder

1291 words - 6 pages pathologists have a responsibility to be knowledgeable regarding to intervention approaches for auditory-processing disorders. Intervention should incorporate “comprehensive programming, incorporating bottom up (e.g. acoustic signal enhancement, auditory training) and top-down (i.e. cognitive, metacognitive, and language strategies) approaches” (ASHA, 2005a). The school-based speech-language pathologist should employ aspects of informal and/or formal auditory training, environmental modifications, and compensatory strategies and central resources training to create an individualized intervention approach for the students with APD on their caseload.

What Are They Thinking?

2225 words - 9 pages all areas of life, there are people who are not aware of the deficit between what they think they can do and their actual ability. Those who are less competent tend to overestimate their abilities while those who are more competent tend to underestimate their abilities. Studies show that bottom performers tend to overestimate their performance by approximately 30% (Hawes, 2010). Unskilled performers are said to have “illusory superiority” which


1877 words - 8 pages for disability counselors, coordinators, and advisors to plan for each individual allowing their learning experiences to be a positive. Another positive psychology approach is life coaching. The main goal of life coaching is to attempt to enhance an individual’s self-concept, abilities, and personal interactions with others. Coaches use explicit types of questions to students to help them understand, plan and take action on their own goals. The

Gender Differerences in Language Learning

1685 words - 7 pages , compensation strategies, metacognitive strategies, affective strategies, social strategies and metaphysic strategies (Mahamod et al., 2009). The methodology and the participants of the research study: The researchers started by stating two null hypotheses that were to be tested. The first null hypothesis assumed lack of significant difference between male and female students in the use of overall Language Learning Strategies. The other null hypothesis

The Impact of Phonological Awareness on the Reading Development of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students

2908 words - 12 pages in the vocal tract" (p. 137). The third process of phonological awareness is rhymes, which refers to the abilities to rhyme. It is related to the abilities and skills of phonological awareness of word level. Some studies indicate that D/HH students who are able to rhyme is an indication that they are good readers (as cited in Nielsen & Stahlman, 2002). Given the controversial discussion regarding the

Similar Essays

Metacognition Essay

607 words - 2 pages learning skills that they use strategically and automatically, plan and set goals as well as monitoring their performance (McInerney & McInerney, 2002).Individual differences in metacognitive abilities may be caused by biological differences (nature) or through differences in individual learning experiences (nurture) (Woolfolk & Margetts, 2007). Students do develop some metacognitive strategies as part of their normal observation and learning

Foregn Lang Essay

949 words - 4 pages are provided in this article as well. First language and second language writing: the role of linguistic knowledge, speed of processing and metacognitive knowledge. . Reprint. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2003. Print. “Writing in one’s Mother tongue is demanding task, which calls upon several languages abilities, as well as upon more general (meta) cognitive abilities. These constituent abilities are in a constant interplay. Writing in

The Barriers Students Face In Adjusting From Normal Life To University Culture

1606 words - 6 pages +Anne& Taylor, S. (1999). Better learning through better thinking: Developing students’ Metacognitive abilities. Journal of College Reading and Learning, 30(1), 34. Wang, T. & Shan, X. (2006). A qualitative study on Chinese postgraduate students learning experiences in Australia. [Electronic Version]. Retrieved August 12, 2010 from,

Academic Performance In First Year Australian University Students: Annotated Bibliography

1521 words - 6 pages overcome their scholarly problems. Taylor, S. (1999). Better Learning through Better Thinking: Developing Students' Metacognitive Abilities. Journal of college reading and learning. p34. This is an educational article written by Taylor Shawn. It concems the vitality of America's democratic institutions and the education of citizens from these institutions. It is mainly aimed at the college students who have just graduated from college