This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Purpose And History Of Penitentiaries Essay

814 words - 4 pages

Crime and punishment have been a part of the world since biblical times. It is one of the few things in this world that has constantly evolved with man, and will consistently change with the societies as our views of what is right and wrong transform. Our prison system changed because of the need felt by the Quakers to find alternatives to executing and publicly humiliating those individuals whom had committed crimes against their fellow man.
“The Quakers were devout Christians who believed part of god’s nature lived within every person: therefore, they refused to kill other People.” This resulted in them passing “the Great Law” in 1682. That made the colony of Pennsylvania punish crime by ...view middle of the document...

To the point a prisoner would go their whole sentence and not see the face of another inmate. Even while they were being brought in to the prison, they were made to wear black hoods so they could not be seen by the inmates. They were not allowed any influences by the outside world the only things allowed were work and the Bible. The only interaction given was the sermon given by a preacher outside the prisoners cells, and an hour of recreation time were the prisoner was let outside alone to move around and get some air. They believed that this would give the inmate ample time to think of their actions and be remorseful and repent and not repeat the offenses they had committed. Others believed that this was not beneficial that totally isolating the inmates was causing psychological complications among them (History of Incarceration, 2007).
The second system developed was the Auburn system were inmates worked together in the day, ate together, and slept in solitary confinement at night. Inmates lived in enforced silence. Unlike its Pennsylvania counterpart these inmates worked outdoors, were able to see one another and work together as a team to complete task such as building roads for the state (York, 2011).
With hard labor now a part of the prison system the prisons were able to turn a profit from the labor done by the inmates, making the jail self-sufficient and...

Find Another Essay On Purpose and History of Penitentiaries

The History and Purpose of the Environmentalist Movement

1544 words - 6 pages this division is pollution. The first organization, created through this division for the sole purpose of taking a stand against pollution known as the Sanitary Movement, now called the Municipal Housekeeping Movement. This Movement operates on four key concepts, which focus on the discovery and elimination of any physical cause of environmental degradation (Brulle, pg. 5). The modern day environmentalist movement began on April 22, 1970 with

Incarceration: History, Purpose, and Relationship to Crime

2778 words - 12 pages different social groups within the same societies (Gusfield, 1968). Whether someone is punished for one of these behaviors then becomes an issue of whether he or she is a member of the social group that has the power to define the behavior as a crime. History and Purpose of the Prison System in the United States Deprivation of freedom within the walls of a prison is the primary means by which criminal offenders are punished in the United States

Bolivian History and Culture This report was assigned for the purpose of learning about Bolivia's complex history and diverse culture

1492 words - 6 pages farming Indians. This results in a huge chasm of distrust and hatred. This chasm can only be overcome through the word of God in the lives of the people of Bolivia. In order to change the volatile culture of Bolivia, the beliefs of the people who live there must be changed.Parrish FrugeThe History of BoliviaThere have been signs of civilization in Bolivia that date back 21,000 years, but there are very little known of these people. The first known

To what extent has the purpose and nature of slavery changed throughout history?

1049 words - 5 pages Slavery is the act of when a human being is under the complete ownership of another. It is a vile act which has seen millions of human beings suffer throughout history. The purpose and nature of slavery has very much remained the same, no matter the work or treatment of slaves, the denial of ones freedom will always be slavery. The act of enslavement is such an old practice it has been deeply ingrained into the mindset of many cultures, this

Statement of Purpose: Self and Society

1454 words - 6 pages as a result of his or her ability to search within themselves and find—that ‘teleological suspension of the ethical’ and the mysticism of self contemplation and the ability to untangle one’s self in order to discover a personal identity. With this identity help shape society according to the values that matter most and are in keeping with the primary purpose of the social work profession which is, “to enhance human well-being and help meet the

The Occasion and Purpose of 1 John

1230 words - 5 pages “Although 1 John had its origins during a period of false teaching, the author’s main purpose is not to confront heresy, but to reassure those who remain that they do indeed know the truth about Jesus, and consequently do have eternal life.” 1 John was written to reassure believers to keep the faith and continue to hold the values that they have, through a time when a schism was taking place within the church. The believers were living in a

The Power and Purpose of Dreams

1561 words - 6 pages understand its purpose or meaning. There's so much people don't know about dreaming such factors are what dreaming is, how the body works while dreaming, and what purpose dreams have. To many people, the definition of dreaming is the first step to understanding dreams. Dreams are images thoughts, and emotions, that are experienced during sleep (Cherry, 2009). However, SleepCare.com states: A dream is a progression of images, sounds, and

The Purpose and Ideology of Education

1935 words - 8 pages The purpose and ideology of education There is no one single definition for what education really is. Experts and scholars from the beginning have viewed and commented about education in different ways. The definition mostly agreed upon was that education is an acquisition or passing of skills, behavior or knowledge from an institution to another. This institution can either be a person, a school, a family or even the society. If we go in the

Jane Austen and Novels of Purpose

1402 words - 6 pages Both of the following Jane Austen novels, Pride and Prejudice and Sense and Sensibility, are novels of purpose. These novels utilize the elements of love, individual rights, and moral perfection throughout the stories. These elements of love, individual rights, and moral perfection are shown mostly from the perspective of relationships. There are people who try and tamper with the elements of love, others individual rights, and some who suffer

Purpose and Design of the Itamaraty Palace

1306 words - 6 pages the international politics. For this purpose, the Palace was design with spaces and environments that hallow symbolic exchanges by enactment of the usual Protocol. This spaces correlate through environments with different degrees of access and permanence, in a way that the foyers, halls, the garden and the porch have scales of intimacy and formality. Number of remarkable features makes the building part of the modern movement. It has a square

purpose of accounting and its financials

893 words - 4 pages the double-entry accounting, "also known as the Venetian method" (Tripod, n.d.) and the use of journals and ledgers in his published book.Keeping track of business transactions and being able to provide history of financial activities is a vital element for a company's financial status. Accounting has been known as, "an information system that identifies, records, and communicates the economic events of an organization to interested users

Similar Essays

Aims And Purpose Of History Essay

921 words - 4 pages The aims and purpose of history can be evaluated through the study of historians and their audiences. The differing methods of collecting and using sources and evidence has caused countless debates between historians and other academics from Herodotus, the 'Father of History' to G.R Elton and his views on objective truth. Similarly Stuart Macintyre's "The Historian's Conscience" debates and discusses the issues surrounding evidence, time and

Purpose And History Essay

860 words - 3 pages Purpose and HistoryJustin LewisCJA/234June 25, 2014Mrs. Marshall Running head: PURPOSE AND HISTORY 1 PURPOSE AND HISTORY 5 Purpose and HistoryIn reference to the history of punishment for crimes, which date back as far as 450 B.C., some of the earliest methods of punishment are replaced by more efficient and humane methods of punishments or corrections. Punishments back then were harsher, brutal, and inhumane because people strongly

Court History And Purpose Essay

1140 words - 5 pages Running head: COURT HISTORY AND PURPOSE PAGE \* Arabic 1 COURT HISTORY AND PURPOSE PAGE \* Arabic 2 Court History and PurposeCJA/224 - Introduction to Criminal Court SystemCourt History and PurposeCourts are a critical part of the criminal justice system. They are based on the English common law system and are generally organized in a three-tiered hierarchy. Although all American court systems, follow this essential arrangement there are

The History And Purpose Of The Animal Rights Movement

977 words - 4 pages Laboratories, on factory farms, and for other business purposes increased, because judges saw in the prohibition of "unjustified" infliction of pain an effort to protect human morals, not animals, and generally did not find violations of the law where the purpose of the activity was to benefit human beings (Encyclopedia).” The US History Encyclopedia also says, that there were “three highly publicized incidents [that] changed animal rights into a