Q Cmp Essay

1038 words - 5 pages

Quintus Ceacilius Metellus Pius was born in 130 BC and raised in Rome as a Roman Upper Class Plebian. He comes from the gens Ceacilia. One legend tells that the Ceacilii came from one of Aeneas' companions, Caecas, who journeyed with him to Italy searching for the sack of Troy ("Caecilia (gens)"). Pius' father Quintus Ceacilius Metellus Numidicus was a well known leader of the Roman Senate's conservative section. Like Pius, he was an Optimate, reactionary, and was a great enemy of Gaius Marius. He fought in the Jugurthine War against Marius and was exiled by him before Numidicus was brought back to rome with the help of his son Pius ("Quintus Caecilius Metellus Numidicus "). Infact, that is why Pius received the name "Pius", meaning dutiful and respectful ("Metellus"). Like his father, Pius was a strong Optimate and supporter of Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Pius opposed Gaius Marius and fought against what Marius stood for ("Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius ").
Because of his families powerful social status, Pius was part of the College of Pontiffs during the 90s BC ("Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius "). At the time of the social war outbreak he was a legate in 89BC, or a roman millitary officer, most likely under the consulship of Pompeius Strabo ("Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius "). During this time, Pius succeeded in a few battles against the Marsi. Because of his successes, he became praetor on 88BC ("Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius "). Afterward, Pius was once again assigned to the social war to the southern front of Italy ("Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius "). During this time his most notable victory was defeating the Marsian Leader Quintus Poppaedius Silo, this was among other victories ("Metellus"). In 87 BC pius was granted propraetorship and was given the task of resuming the war against Samnium as a commander ("Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius "). During this time he was called to Rome to assist Gnaius Octavius as a commander, but refused when he realized he was in over his head and essentially fled to Africa ("Metellus").
In 83 BC pius returns to Italy to join Sulla who just came back from the first Mithradatic War. Following their return, Pius and Sulla celebrated many successes including a victory over C Norbanus at Faventia (NW Italy) (Chisholm). Pius was then recognized as one of Sulla's best generals. When Sulla gained control over Rome he awarded Pius for his loyalty by appointing him to the greatly respected position of Pontifex Maximus, which is essentially a high priest, in 81BC (Vagi, L. 34-35). Pius also was rewarded by being able to share a consulship with Sulla in 80 BC (Vagi, L. 34-35).
After gaining proconsular command over Spain in 79 BC Pius spent eight years of his life fighting for Sulla in the Sertorian War against Sertorius (Vagi, L. 34-35). As earlier mentioned, Pius was Sulla's best millitary commander and had gained many important successes for Sulla. So, after having just served a consulship with Pius in 80BC,...

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