Within the years of 221-206 BCE, the Qin Dynasty rose as a superpower. During this time period, the Warring States Era, Chinese civilization was impacted tremendously in almost every aspect. These hallmarks in history vary from the spreading of Legalism to the birth of the Great Wall of China. Through these countless contributions, the Qin Dynasty was able to revolutionize the Chinese civilization in such a short period of time.
After unifying the Chinese empire, Qin Shi Huangdi made several reforms that enhanced Chinese society. Unification of the empire was crucial because it marked the rising of Qin Shi Huangdi(leader of Qin Dynasty) and how he established 40 prefectures, or states (Perkins OL). Soon after extending the empire, Shi Huangdi set up what could be debated as the most important reform in Chinese history. The standardization of weights, measures, and Chinese writing was a crucial step towards enhancing the Chinese society (Barrett 95). With this, mathematics would flourish and communication would be more efficient. Even more inventions expanded upon this which were pottery, agriculture, a calendar, herbal medicine, and a single coinage (Perkins OL). Agriculture was a plus for the Qin Dynasty because surplus amount of food would be produced. When there is a surplus amount of food, people are able to stay healthy and the military will strengthen. The development of fine roads would ease transportation and trade very much. The Qin Dynasty had a great start to their success which opened a beacon of light for China’s future.
With the spread of Legalism, the Qin Dynasty began to reach its peak. Legalism was founded by Hanfeizi and was brought to the Qin dynasty. Figures that accomplished this were Li Ssu and and Chao Kao. Basically, the idea of Legalism was extremely strict and people would be harshly punished for any wrongdoing. Additionally, literature was discouraged under Legalism because they were believed as poisons to the mind. The Legalists believed this way because not all the information in books contains the truth. Agriculture and war were promoted on the other hand, because it would carve a rich and powerful empire (Walker 39). Many argue that the harshness of Legalism caused the downfall of the Qin Dynasty. However, it was one of the main reasons by the Qin Dynasty stood as the strongest among the Chinese states and possibly in the world. The reason why is because harsh punishments encouraged good conduct and discipline. When this is brought upon, there will be more room to contribute to society and there will be fewer worries about crimes being committed. In addition, the conduct and discipline was a plus for the military. By doing what they are told, the military can execute their job perfectly. All in all, Legalism flourished the Qin Dynasty; it did not cause it to go downhill.
One of the wonders of the world today is the Great Wall of China which was inspired by none other than the Qin Dynasty. Other dynasties put...