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Quality Control Processes Of The Cuban Cigar Industry.

1969 words - 8 pages

INTRODUTION.............This project is about identifying the control process of a Caribbean company analysing them to see if there meet an acceptable standard.The company I choose was Hoyo de Monterrey a cigar making company of Cuba. Originally a leaf growing company (tobacco) and eventually one of the greatest Cuban cigars factories on the Island of Cuba, began producing the great Hoyo de Monterrey brand in 1960.There cigars are known for its high quality. This is due to the antique method of growing and processing tobacco. These methods have relatively remained the same and there have no been any significant changes in then from 1960 till present day.CULTIVATIONThe Cuban archipelago is very close to the Tropic of Cancer. Its western region--where the best tobacco in the world is grown--has an average humidity of 79 percent, an average annual temperature of 25º C and a particularly favourable amount of rainfall makes Cuba the perfect location for growing tobacco.In addition to these special climatic features, the chemical composition and agricultural properties of the soil in Cuba's tobacco-growing areas couldn't be better. Add to all this experience and care that Cuba's tobacco workers put into each of the many steps that go into making a Hoyo de Monterrey cigar. They, too, are absolutely necessary to maintain the product's top quality.The cultivation process begins in the seed bed, an area in which the seeds are planted under the best conditions for their germination and later development and where the seedlings remain for 40 days, until they are ready to be transplanted to the fields. The seedlings are planted in stages, beginning in October and are carried on until the middle of November.The leaves are picked between 45 and 80 days after planting. Later, the leaves are taken to the curing barns, where they are dried and fermented. In the sorting houses--which are of great economic and social importance--skilled workers (the vast majority of whom are women) gently and delicately select, classify and sort the leaves.FACTORY PROCESSESIn the factory, the leaves that will be used as wrappers are separated and sprinkled with water to restore the humidity they lost during processing and reduce their fragility. Later, sorters classify them by size and colour.With damp fingers, they rub, pull, smooth out and examine each leaf. Then they select between 18 and 20 kinds of tobacco leaves, which will become the cigar wrappers. The most demanding job is that of the cigar maker. He places half a leaf of binder on his table, then picks up an assortment of different kinds of leaves and shapes them into a bundle. To cover the cigar, he smoothes the wrapper, trims the edges with his knife and wraps it around the bundle.The nearly completed cigar is caressed by delicate hands. The flat of the knife is pressed along it to attain perfect finishing, and the end of the cigar that will go in the smoker's mouth is shaped.Then the cigar is placed in a tiny...

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