Quality Management And Productivity Essay

1053 words - 4 pages

Define Total Quality ManagementTotal Quality Management or TQM is a management strategy to embed awareness of quality in all organizational processes. Quality assurance through statistical methods is a key component. TQM aims to do things right the first time, rather than the need to find and fix problems after they emerge at a later date." TQM encourages teams within the workplace from different departments to collaborate to create solutions to improve production and reduce or eliminate waste. (2006)TQM typically includes a random sample selection of the product or service then it is tested for things that matter to the customer. Once the failures or defects are detected, corrective action is put into place to ensure the elimination of the failures or defects. Often times, statistical information is gathered and analyzed and when measures drift outside of the acceptable range, corrective action can be taken to ensure the measures stay within the acceptable range. In addition to the measures, it is just as important to understand why the failure occurs if it is a design is error, then these actions can be taken into consideration to eliminate failures prior to the production process.In the service area of TQM, typically the consumer or customer determines when the service is out of alignment and in need of adjustment.Include a description of the impact of globalization on qualityThe recent rapid globalization of trade is creating unparalleled oversupplies of many goods and even services. Coupled with information technologies that provide customers with more data about prices, quality levels and product availability than ever before, globalization is having a major impact on quality worldwide. Globalization affects quality in many ways. Some of the most noticeable are people's rising expectations and their demand for products and services of equal quality to what they see others receiving." (Godfrey, 2000)Globalization has created a need for ISO9000, Total Quality Management (TQM), and Six Sigma programs, which encourage quality improvement at all stages of manufacturing. These standards and programs have helped organizations to maintain quality and create processes on how to correct the problems. When these problems arise, based on the root cause analysis, managers have several options when quality of work becomes an issue. An organization may add training programs or restructure the manufacturing process, often based upon the suggestions of employee teams or global suppliers. When outside suppliers provide substandard materials or parts, global sourcing managers collaborate with their suppliers to improve their quality.Globalization has also affected the production manufacturing process by allowing the production facility to react instantly to changes in customer demands. This flexibility helps organizations limit stock on hand and help organizations to maintain inventory levels without letting inventory get too low.Compare and contrast...

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