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Quantitative Nursing Research Report Analysis

2574 words - 10 pages

Family presence during invasive procedures and resuscitationStudy problemWhat problem was the study conducted to resolve?A research problem identifies an area of concern when a gap exists in the knowledge needed for nursing practice (Burns & Grove, 2003, p 55). Family presence (FP) during invasive procedures (IPs) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is considered a right, obligation, and natural event by some organizations, notably nursing (Blair, 2004). According to a survey cosponsored by the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) and the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA) only 5% of U.S. hospitals have written policies on FP during IPs and CPR (Aug 2003). The problem that prompted this study was the need to determine if the presence of family was comforting to the client, distressing to the family members observing the procedure or resuscitation, or uncomfortable for the caregivers and would implementing family presence programs be justifiable (Myers et al., 2000). The article clearly identified the problem that prompted the research.[Good]Why is the problem an important one for nursing to study?Nurses have the opportunity to preserve the wholeness, dignity, and integrity of the family unit from birth to death (Myers et al., 2000). The benefits identified through research will guide nursing education and assist nurses with supporting FP during IPs and CPR. Through FP nurses are given the opportunity to educate families regarding clients' conditions and the increased knowledge provide to families can help to lower the risk of potential lawsuits.Study PurposeWhat is the purpose of the study?The research purpose, derived from the research problem, identifies the goal or aim of the study (Burns & Grove, 2003, p 55). The purpose of this study is the need to determine if the presence of family was comforting to the client, distressing to the family members observing the IP or CPR, or uncomfortable for the caregivers, and would implementing family presence programs be justifiable (Myers et al., 2000). The authors identified the purpose of the study in an overview at the beginning of the article.[Good]Research questionsWhat is the main research question?Research questions are concise, probing statements that include one or more variables or concepts (Burns & Grove, 2003, p 87). Research questions direct the flow of the study. There was one research question identified in this article. The question presented was, "Is the presence of family comforting to the patient, distressing to the family members observing procedures, or uncomfortable for the caregivers and would the benefits of FP justify implementing family presence programs" (Myers et al., 2000)? The benefits of FP are the concepts or variables explored in this question. The article indicated that clients' families found the visitation was helpful to them and no psychological effects were suffered. The staff, 96% of nurses and 79% of attending physicians supported FP...

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