Quantitative Research Article Critique
This paper is an academic critique of an article written by Lautrette, et al. (2007) titled: “A Communication Strategy and Brochure for Relatives of Patients Dying in the ICU” and accurately reflected the content of the article and the research study itself. The abstract explained the article in more detail, while remaining concise. The type of research study, sample size, variables, intervention, measurement method, findings, and conclusion were all mentioned in the abstract.
Statement of the Problem
The problem explored in the article was stated as a problem statement. In this article, the authors explain about the stressful situations of families having loved ones die in the intensive care unit. They also state that this problem is very important because there is poor communication between staff, physicians, and surrogates in the plan of care for end-of-life measures (Lautrette et al., 2007).
The purpose for this research study was to develop a communication strategy for family members of patients dying in the ICU by evaluating a format consisting of a proactive end-of-life conference and brochure to see whether the intervention could minimize the effects of bereavement for the families left behind. This research provided the family members with more opportunities to discuss the patient wishes, to express emotions, to alleviate feelings of guilt, and to understand the goals of care.
Research Hypothesis and Research Questions
Here researchers evaluate the effect of a proactive communication strategy that consisted of an end-of life family conference conducted according to specific guidelines and that concluded with the provision of a brochure on bereavement. This research hypothesized that this intervention, as compared with the customary end-of-life conference, would decrease stress-related symptoms and symptoms of anxiety and depression in family members 90 days after the patient’s death (Lautrette et al., 2007). A prospective, randomized, controlled trial was conducted during the study. One family member per patient was assessed over the telephone 90 days after the patient’s death. The measurements collected include the symptoms related to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and other significant symptoms of depression and anxiety.
For this study patient families were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. In the control group the interactions between the family and ICU staff, including the end-of-life conference, occurred according to the usual practices and policies in the hospital; whereas in the intervention group, the research study was conducted according to specific guidelines. A bereavement information leaflet was given to each surrogate decision maker. In this research, the independent variable can be the type of family conference received by the surrogates and the dependent...