“Parkinson’s is the second most common neurological disease after Alzheimer’s. It has been described as a chronic, progressive, neurological disorder, which generally not life-threatening but is incurable (Magennis & Corry, 2013). Parkinson disease has no antidote but has altered treatments. Patients require caregivers help when PD gradually starts to affects motor, cognitive and emotional functioning. Patients are hindered from fulfilling their daily needs, thus necessitating the caregiver’s assistance.
Care givers can be the PD patients relative, friends or non-professional caregivers (Martinez-Martin, Benito-Leon, Alonso, Catalan, Pondal, Zamarbide, …& Pedro, 2005). There are formal caregivers, paid helpers (Cifu, Carne, Brown, Pegg, Ong, Qutubuddin & Baron, 2006). Caregiver customarily means the patient’s daily needs such as household chores and personal hygiene will be taken care of. Caregivers have to understand the patient’s needs and work according to it (Hounsgaard, Pedersen & Wagner, 2011). The services rendered by the caregivers are essential. Regrettably, the burdens of the caregivers are not fully researched upon in our local context. Preceding researches from other nations has proven that caregivers do face numerous challenges. My research will focus on our local caregivers and the challenges they encounter which has not been told to the World.
Based on our keywords of Caregivers, Factors, Burden and Parkinson disease which retrieved from databases of CINAHL Plus, MEDLINE and PUDMED, total of 97 articles was found and we are using 7 articles out of the 97 articles.
Caregivers for PD tend to face more challengers then other caregivers for other medical issues. PD will make a person absolutely reliable on the caregiver when the disease gradually develops. Therefore, caregivers need to transform into informal caregivers. This burdens a female caregiver. It would be an ultimately difficult transformation for a female caregiver as they will need to assist the PD patient in ways like bathing, getting dressed and getting their daily household chores done. Caregivers have to sacrifice their leisure time, their mental and physical health (Martinez-Martin et al., 2005).
According to a data research from Spain, Martinez-Martin, Forjaz, Frades-Payo, Rusinol, Fernandez-Garcia, Benito-Leon, …& Catalan (2007), 77.5% of the caregivers are females. Only 21.25% of the caregivers are males. This is evident that there are relatively more female caregivers then males. The data further says 76.25% of the caregivers are spouse and 55% of caregivers do house works. 18.75% of the caregivers are children. This research is evident enough to show that many of the care givers are females and most likely PD patients are being taken care of by their spouses.
Significantly, another data analysis from Spain, Carod-Artal, Mesquita, Ziomkowski & Martinez-Martin (2013) shows that 80% of PD patients are males, 88% of caregivers...