Queen Mary I
Mary Tudor was born on February 18, 1516 at the Palace of Placentia in Greenwich, England. She was the only child of King Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, to survive through childhood. She was baptized as a Catholic shortly after her birth in 1525. Henry sent his daughter to live on the border of Wales. When Mary was two and a half years old, her dad had her life planned out for her, like who she was going marry and where she was going live (Queen Bloody). Mary’s father divorced her mother when she was little. When they divorced, it separated Mary from her mother. Her father then got married to Anne Boleyn. This placed the princess outside the succession to the throne. Mary now became Anne’s servant. In 1536, Henry had Anne Boleyn beheaded and married his third wife, Jane Seymour, who insisted that the king make amends with his daughters.
After Edward's death, Mary successfully deposed Lady Jane Grey to the new queen. She took the throne as the first queen regent. Mary immediately began repealing many of Henry VIII's religious edicts and replacing them with her own, which included a strict heresy law. The enforcement of this law resulted in the burning of over 300 Protestants as heretics. Mary's religious persecutions made her extremely unpopular and earned her the nickname "Bloody Mary."
Queen Mary was an educated girl. She studied Latin, French, Italian, Spanish, Greek, science and music. Most of Mary’s education came from her mother, and by nine Mary knew how to read and write Latin.
By the time Mary was nine it was apparent that Henry and Catherine would have no more children, which would leave Henry without a legitimate male heir. Henry sent Mary to the border of Wales to presumably is name only over the council of Wales and the marched. Mary was given her own court base at Ludlow Castle and many of the royals perrogative normally reserved for the prince of wife’s. Vive and others called her Princess of the Wales, although she never technically invested with the title. She appears to have spent three years in the Welsh Marches, making regular visits to her father's court, before returning home in the mid-1528.
On July 6, 1553, at the age of 15 Edward VI died from lung infection, possibly tuberculosis. He didn't want the crown to go to Mary because he feared she would restore Catholicism and undo her reform, as well as those of Henry VIII, and so he planned to exclude her from the line of succession. His adviser, however, told him that he could not disinherit only one of his sisters, but that he would have to disinherit Elizabeth as well, even though she embraced the church of England. Guided by John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, and perhaps others, Edward excluded both of his sisters from the line of succession in his will.
On July 10, 1553, Lady Jane proclaimed queen by Dudley and his supporters. On the same day, Mary’s letters to the council arrived in London. By July 12,...