This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Question Discuss In Brief The Logic Behind The Various Peace Plans Offered To Resolve The Conflict In The Balkans From July 1991 To The Dayton Peace Accord In 1995.

1990 words - 8 pages

As the troubles in the Yugoslavia began to spill into Bosnia-Herzegovina and engulf the Balkans, the outside world, the 'civilized' world sat on its haunches waiting for the troubles to end themselves, no one wanting to commit themselves or their nations to help stop the atrocities there. That is, until 1991. However, the first drafts of "peace plans" still stumbled over the issue of European Union, America, United Nations and Eastern European lack of commitment and political will undermined the first two 'pre-war' plans guaranteeing their failure.The first effort was the Brioni Declaration--signed in July 1991--was an affirmation of the existing cease-fire that established an easy exit for the Yugoslav army from Slovenia. To further decrease the tension in the area, it delayed Slovenian and Croatian independence for a three month period and further emplaced agreements from all parties to cease unilateral actions, refrain from all violence, and set up both negotiations (carried out in September) and guidelines for an international observer committee. In the end, both Slovenia and Serbia had almost no opposition to the plan, as it allowed them time to regroup and prepare for the coming war with Yugoslavia, and a deferment of peace was not a denial of independence, and the Yugoslavs agreed on the grounds that it also allowed them time to reconsolidate in Croatia for an all-out war with Serbia--essentially, this plan did not initiate any peace but ironically allowed three months of uninterrupted build-up by all parties involved to further escalate the war.In September of the same year, Lord Carrington, the Chief Mediator on Former Yugoslavia, was sent to "bring peace to all in Yugoslavia" (44) by the European Union (EC). Carrington acted fast, and by October he had verbal agreements by Presidents Tudjman and Milosevic, and the Federal Minister of Defense, General Kadijevic, that Yugoslavia should be reorganized as a "loose association or alliance of sovereign or independent republics" (44) and further guaranteed human and minority rights and declared that no actions would be undertaken to alter established borders. However, the Carrington Plan met with failure almost from its beginning as Milosevic balked on agreeing to the first article, which basically proposed that any group, regardless of how minor within the majority could establish itself as an independent Republic within the borders of that same majority. Originally, Milosevic was the only one opposed to the Carrington Plan, but soon after further Serbian pressure, Montenegro followed suit. Thus, 1991 ended, along with the last ditch effort to save the Republic of Yugoslavia as a whole state.As fighting intensified throughout Croatia, the UN finally stepped in and sent US Secretary of State Cyrus Vance in to develop a new peace plan that would put an end to the fighting that the first two plans helped to create. By the end of 1991, the Vance Plan was prepared and peacekeepers began...

Find Another Essay On Question--Discuss in brief the logic behind the various peace plans offered to resolve the conflict in the Balkans from July 1991 to the Dayton Peace Accord in 1995.

Peace solutions for the Arab and Israel conflict

1994 words - 8 pages inconclusive, the talks were a major step forward (Peres, p.40-45). The Oslo Accord also had many enemies, including the Israeli settlers in the occupied territories as well as Arab radicals. The main Arab opposition to the peace accord is rooted in the militant Hamas and Islamic Jihad movements. Both groups call for total Israeli withdrawal from the occupied lands, and to give the Palestinians more freedom and independence. In Israel, the minority

Management Planning - review the differences in planning between levels of management and discuss how and why various plans must be integrated

1078 words - 4 pages . Management at all levels must be able to look ahead and modify company direction from time to time in order to keep up with the emerging trends that reflect the changing economy. In this paper I will review the differences in planning between levels of management and discuss how and why various plans must be integrated. Also, this paper will give an example of new strategic plans made by the army for preservation and how the new strategy impacted planning

Peace and Conflict: Advocating the Use of Non-Violoent Means for Resolving Conflict

2430 words - 10 pages managing differences to achieve mutually satisfying relationships, it also prevents the escalation of violence and achieves conditions that attain the well being of all human beings, ( Laue, 1991, p.301). Now that we have an understanding of what peace is, what then is conflict and how do we resolve it? What is conflict? The Oxford Dictionary defines conflict “as an encounter with arms, a fight, especially a prolonged struggle”, (as mentioned in

Six Days of War, 35 years without peace The purpose of this paper is to discuss the origins and impacts of the 1967 Six Day War

4827 words - 19 pages . Israel's unprecedented success against the Arab armies, far from bringing peace and increased security, has resulted in nearly continuous unrest and conflict among the Palestinians; the Israelis continued reliance on force to deal with the Arabs. In the words of one Israeli soldier: "The root of all this confusion lies in the glory of war, accompanied by the indisputable fact that war can't be a good thing and that nothing can be achieved by

Effectiveness of International mediation in achieving peace: Pakistan & India Conflict - International Peace - Essay

3110 words - 13 pages . In 1984, Indian armed forces occupied it in order to beat Pakistanis in doing so. In India's Borderland Disputes, Orton (2010) has written that according to some claims, Pakistani Armed forces infiltrated into Kargil, in an attempt of undoing Indian takeover of Siachen. This conflict is most important to discuss with regards to the essay question of – Is international mediation effective in bringing peace? and the following question - If

Lords Resistance Army and Conflict and Peace Building in Uganda

2555 words - 10 pages killed thousands and displacing millions of Africa natives. Despite several attempts at meetings in addition to arrest warrants from the International Criminal Court against Kony and his troops, Kony has refused to cooperate and this war still rages on as one of the longest-running conflicts in African history. Conflict background and causes The conflicts in Uganda historically a power struggle between two primary actors such as northern tribes

A Seperate Peace. The question asks how Gene's paranoia and jelousy ultimately brought about his betrayal of Finny. Includes direct quotations from the novel

616 words - 2 pages A SEPERATE PEACEIn the novel, A Separate Peace, by John Knowles, portrays in perfect detail a multitude of instances involving true human nature. Gene Forrester, the narrator of the book, is a prime example of the evils of human nature. Gene is generally viewed as a simple and harmless person. However, his path is paved with suffering through his friends. Through his adolescent years, Gene came to paranoid about his best friend, Finny. He

conflict and peace

658 words - 3 pages Introduction Why do wars occur and recur, especially in cases when the decisions involved are made by careful and rational actors? There are many answers to this question. Given the importance of the question, and the wide range of answers, it is essential to have a perspective on the various sources of conflict. In this chapter we provide a critical overview of the theory of war. In particular, we provide not just a taxonomy of causes of

Outsiders Cannot Bring Peace To A Civil Conflict

1187 words - 5 pages Outsiders cannot bring peace to a civil conflict. However, this statement is purely situational. Two situations that portray this point are the Arab-Israeli conflict, which occurred in Palestine, and the civil conflict in Afghanistan. An outside force could not directly or completely solve these conflicts, but a third party can positively or negatively influence them.In Palestine, Jerusalem is considered by many religions a Holy Land. Those

Post-conflict Peace building in Eastern Indonesia: case study in Poso, Central Sulawesi

901 words - 4 pages ‘framework for peacebuilding from below’ developed by Reynold Levy of Lederach, said in the framework to build peace needed four indicators namely Psycho-social Political, constitutional, Military Security and Economic-Social. Research Question: Although in recent years there were violent incidents but this does not trigger a mass reaction to violence. Peacebuilding programs continue to run in several areas either do by civil society and community

Srebrenica - July 13 to July 18 1995, one of the worst massacres in the late twentieth century

1020 words - 4 pages According to Sabrina Ramet "From June 1991 to December 1994 between 200.000 and 400.000 people had died as a result of the war between Serbs and non Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina" (Balkan Babel, 269). During the same period of time, at least 2.7 million people have been reduced to refugees. Arguably, one of the worst massacres in the late twentieth century took place from July 13th to July 18th 1995 in Srebrenica. Within these five days

Similar Essays

The Reasons Behind The Difficulties Of Bringing Peace To The Middle East

1840 words - 7 pages The Reasons Behind the Difficulties of Bringing Peace to the Middle East A major source of conflict in the Middle East during the last fifty years has been the dispute between Arabs and Jews over Palestine. For hundreds of years, the great majority of the people living in Palestine were Arabs. But at the end of the nineteenth century some Jews in Europe were becoming increasingly bitter about growing anti-Semitism. They

'the Un Has Failed In Its Central Role, The Maintenance Of International Peace And Security." Discuss

2045 words - 8 pages that the UN has been inefficient in dealing with military issues and it has not stopped the US from using the UN for its own advantages. It is without doubt that the UN has been the weakest in its ability to deal with peace keeping in comparison to other roles it has played. This is supported by the following assertion: "the UN system has proved more effective in dealing with low profile functional issues than with the larger question of the

Discuss The Extent To Which International Assistance Can And Should Be Effectively Used To Achieve Security Sector Reform As Part Of Post Conflict Peace Building

3491 words - 14 pages included in the priority tasks enshrined in various peace agreements. In effect, the international community has been quite extensive in assisting countries emerging from conflict in reforming there military, police and judiciary sectors as we shall see subsequently.Military ReformThe tasks of international community in reforming the military include funding projects and providing technical assistance related to disarmament, demobilisation and re

The So Called 'road Map To Peace' Looks In Many Ways More Like A 'road Map To War'. How Far Would You Agree With This Assessment Of Us Efforts To Settle The Palestinian Question?

2845 words - 11 pages permeates everyday life in Israel/Palestine, but no road to peace.Only war.The aim of the Road Map to Peace is to end the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territory that began in 1967, in accordance with UN Security Council resolutions 242 and 338. The Road Map is divided into three phases- the first phase states that Palestine are to cease all acts of violence, and Israel are to immediately withdraw from settlements built since March 2001. Israeli