Quine And Dogma Essay

1496 words - 6 pages

If a dogma is an unfounded conclusion or simply a statement, then it would seem that dogmas have little or no place in philosophical theories. That is to say, if philosophy seeks a better understanding of knowledge, then anything that is strictly dogmatic would be just the opposite. The only issue with dogmatic ideas within philosophy is the ability to discern them. When Quine titled this paper he was asserting that there were a couple of ideas within empiricism that lacked a proper foundation. The title leads us to believe Quine has discovered something fundamentally wrong with empiricism. When Quine says, “One effect of abandoning them [the two dogmas] is, as we shall see, a blurring of supposed boundary between speculative metaphysics and natural science. Another effect is a shift toward pragmatism,” we can conclude that he is not dispelling the idea of empiricism rather; he is trying improve empiricism by removing something he believes is standing in the way.
The first thing Quine now needs to carry out (and he did just prior to the aforementioned statement) is announce what the two dogmas are and then dispel them. He starts with the assumed separation between analytic statements and synthetic ones. Those that are analytic seem to be those that are merely definitions or synonyms. The part that completely confounds me about analytic truths is the definition of the synthetic truths. Quine defines synthetic truths as “grounded in fact.” I would like to believe here that Quine is grossly misrepresenting the idea of analytic truths since the only option left would be a truth that is not grounded in fact or maybe on that is only a little grounded in fact. In spite of my inability to comprehend the idea of analytic truth that has no basis in reality I will try to follow along with Quine’s essay.
From how it is put forth here an analytic truth is a tautology. That is to say that they are synonymous. We could almost say “analytic truths are tautologies” is a tautology or is analytically true. This would lead to what I was previously so worried about and is covered in the definitions section. That is analytic truths cannot exist independently even if they do seem to be co-dependent each other. While my example that involves using the word in question as the example might seem a bit complicated, Quine’s example of the bachelor and unmarried man seems much too simple. I think the best way to explain this might just be to use words that are entirely made up. Quine uses variables but I think the best way to explain it might be to use made up words, which would support his ending conclusion more concisely. The understanding I have drawn from his is simply that analytic truths are actually just analytic statements. They are merely two ways of expressing some established synthetic truth but they themselves are merely tricks of language. For instance, if you have two of some similar items, in truth you would have one item and one item. It is simply easier...

Find Another Essay On Quine and Dogma

Revolutionary Work of Art Essay

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a

Myth and Magic: Realism in "One Hundred Years of Solitude"

1531 words - 6 pages “He enjoyed his grandmother's unique way of telling stories. No matter how fantastic or improbable her statements, she always delivered them as if they were the irrefutable truth” (Wikipedia, 2011). Experiences are particular instances of one personally encountering or undergoing something and in these moments of time life changes for the best or the worst and memories are formed. These recollections such as riding your first bicycle, going to

Adiponectin: a Novel Indicator of Malnutrition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients

2384 words - 10 pages Objective Protein-Energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine which is exclusively produced by adipose tissue. Few studies in hemodialysis patients have demonstrated that serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in malnourished patients compared to well-nourished ones. The

The Congo Free State: A Legacy of Apathy, Exploitation and Brutality

2298 words - 9 pages Between 1885 and 1908, Belgium’s Leopold II ruled Congo, a region in central Africa, as his personal colony, exploiting the resources and inhabitants for his own gain. Leopold allowed and encouraged Europeans and other Westerners to enter Congo and set up companies whose primary purpose was to gather rubber, which was abundant but difficult to get to in the Congo, using the Congolese as the laborers for the Europeans. Rubber gathering in Congo

Selective Exposition in The Lottery, by Shirley Jackson

1073 words - 4 pages Usually when someone hears the word “lottery” the first thing that comes to mind is a large sum of cash that people compete against highly impractical odds to win. Shirley Jackson’s story The Lottery might imply a similar conception based on the title alone, but the story is filled with unknowns never revealing exactly when and where the story takes place, or why the lottery exists; even what the lottery is isn’t revealed until the very end. Yet

Similar Essays

Human Vs. Computer: Comparison Of How The Truth Of A Statement Is Determined In The Framework Of Wvo Quine’s Holism

969 words - 4 pages IV. Reasons for Holism Thesis and the Web-of-Belief Model: Language Acquisition Why reasons offered by TDE are not enough. While Quine’s positive account is as compelling as it is gripping, his negative account falls short of out and out refutation of old dogmas. For one, neither the Duhem Thesis nor the failure of Carnap’s reductionist program is sufficient to firmly establish the fallacy of the Dogma of Reductionism. Duhem originally

Human Vs. Computer: Comparison Of How The Truth Of A Statement Is Determined In The Framework Of Wvo Quine’s Holism

1531 words - 6 pages . Quine: An Expository Essay, University Presses of Florida. Grice, P., Strawson, P., 1957. “In Defense of a Dogma,” Philosophical Review 65: 141-58. Penrose, Roger, 1989. The Emperor's New Mind, Oxford University Press. Prigogine, I., 1997. End of Certainty, The Free Press. Quine, W.V.O., 1953. “Two Dogmas of Empiricism,” From a Logical Point of View. Harvard University Press. Quine, W.V.O., 1969a. "Epistemology Naturalized," Ontological

When The Bubble Burst Essay

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

Phase Diagram Essay

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy