This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Close Look At Rheumatoid Arthritis

2306 words - 10 pages

Pathophysiology
RA is a mediated inflammatory process that triggers an autoimmune response. The result is in the production of antibodies and inflammatory cytokines that over time destroys bone, cartilage, tendons, ligaments and blood vessels (Dewing, Setter, & Slusher, 2012). Although joints are the primary areas of destruction, the inflammatory process can also affect various organs, such as heart tissue including the heart values, visceral layers of the lung and brain, spleen, sclera and larynx (Dunphy, Windland-Brown, Porter, & Thomas 2011). If RA is not treated promptly or if the patient does not respond to treatment, irrevocable bone deformity, bone erosion and immobility is often the sequelae.
Standards of treatment
According to the American College of Rheumatology (ARC) (2012) and recommendations by the International Task Force of Rheumatologists (2010) treatment is aimed at remission, reduction of the inflammatory response, pain control, conserving joint function and preventing and/or halting joint destruction. Medications used to treat RA fall into two categories: fast acting and slow acting. Fast-acting medications typically address pain and inflammation. Medications include but are not limited to anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, Celebrex and corticosteroids such as cortisone and prednisone. Slow-acting medications slow joint destruction and stimulate remission; these medications include DMARDS and biological medication. The mainstay of treatment is the use of DMARDS such as Methotrexate, Plaquenil, and biologics known as TNF inhibitors including infliximab, etanercept and adalimumab. Since the 1970s DMARDs have been the gold standard of treatment (Kahlenberg and Fox, 2011).
The medication regimen used to treat RA results in adverse side effects that include gastrointestinal complications (gastric ulceration and bleeding), cardiovascular events (myocardial infarct and cerebrovascular accidents), immune suppression, liver damage, lung disease and cancers (Ngian, 2010). Consequently, many patients seek CAM therapy to aid in the management of their disease. Although there are a variety of CAM options, only a few have been investigated and show promise. Tai Chi and Omega-3 fatty acid supplement are two types of CAM that show potential to improve the patient’s mental state, decrease pain, reduce inflammation and improve functional mobility.
Complementary Alternative Therapy
The National Health Institute defines complementary alternative therapy as a health care methodology used outside of or in addition to mainstream medicine (National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), 2013). CAM is divided into five groups: (1) oral based product, such as supplements, (2) body manipulation, such as massage, chiropractic, reflexing and osteopathy, (3) mind and body therapies, consisting of yoga, tai chi, meditation, biofeedback and hypnosis, (4) energy touches, which includes Reiki, Gigong, and...

Find Another Essay On A Close Look at Rheumatoid Arthritis

A Close Look at Racism and Discrimination

1965 words - 8 pages races also receive unequal treatment (Egede). Renting apartments or college housing can also be affected if you are a different race. If you are of a different race, then the house condition can be poor and even unfair pricings and conditions (Donovan). Racism does not just stop at housing, but can even be in criminal justice. In February of 2013, three police officers went on trial for beating a nineteen year old up, but the cops did not face

A Closer Look at Pain Essay

1183 words - 5 pages PAGE [Type text] [Type text] [Type text] A Closer Look at Pain: ProstaglandinsMost health conditions involve some form of pain, whether it is a toothache or maybe it is as serious as something like cancer. Nevertheless, the sensible thing to do is to depict the cause behind this feeling of pain and find a solution to alleviate it. For centuries, natural remedies have been proven to alleviate pain such as white willow bark (Salix alba) and

A Sociological Look at JAWS

1840 words - 7 pages A Sociological Look at JAWS The movie I choose to review was Jaws, which is one of my favorites and a timeless classic. A traditional story about man against beast takes place on an island that depends on its summer tourist business. When the summer season in threatened by a series of shark attacks three men are sent out to track down a great white shark. The three main (human) characters are Brody (Roy Scheider), the police

A Look at American Poetry

1454 words - 6 pages , etc. All of this information is for practical purposes; we may be able to grasp their lifestyle, however not their soul… a poem can turn this living creature into something majestic; or the total opposite. Behind poetry are experiences: beauty and ugly, customary and weird, good and bad. While I may look at a poem about hunting as beautiful and wonderful, my girlfriend would probably read the same poem and think it was disturbing and

A Closer Look at Mimas

1522 words - 6 pages scientists have researched. Mimas shape is not quite big enough to hold a round shape. Mimas is known to be the smallest known astronomical body that is thought to be rounded in shape due to the result of its self-gravitation. Mimas orbits at a range of 115,280 miles from Saturn in a time frame of 22 hours 37 minutes. Mimas’ orbit makes it the closest major moon of all moons of Saturn. Mimas is known to be tidally locked to Saturn and has one side

A Look at Today's Whaling

3372 words - 13 pages A Look at Today's Whaling “ The story of the whale is so remarkable, that were there not so many witnesses, I would not venture to tell it, lest I be accused of exaggeration.” -J.D.B Stillman, aboard the ship Plymouth, November 1850 (Stewart, 1995) There is no doubt that humans have always been intrigued with the majestic beauty of the large giants found in all of the world’s oceans. Whales and people have had a long history together

A Look at Jun Kaneko

1172 words - 5 pages and white lines dripping down the surface. The space between these lines creates a hypnotic pattern that the viewer gets sucked into. The third Dango is quite different from the first two in the sense that the lines only run vertically and seemingly disappear into the black background that they are painted on. The fourth Dango is the most eye catching, because of its colorful appearance and intricate lines. When you look at the fourth Dango and

A Closer Look at Character

1176 words - 5 pages English 102A Closer Look at CharacterIn any literay work, it is absolutely essential to have characters, whether major or minor. It is also necessary to develop these characters through out the story. Character development gives the reader insight to the more important meanings or lessons of the story. These lessons are usually brought out by the events that take place within the story. Looking at Guy De Maupassant's piece "The Necklace", we see

a look at head start

2215 words - 9 pages In January of 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson declared “war on poverty” in a state of the union speech. His dream for a better America came with the greatest prosperity of the post war years. The nations GNP was up, unemployment was down and disposable personal income was at an all-time high. As the baby boom generation aged more American’s than ever would enter the work force and it was imperative that the county develop some a plan for its growing

A Deeper Look at Poe

1507 words - 7 pages blood and the color red into the short story The Masque of the Red Death. In this short story, Poe creates a character named Red Death who travels around the countryside killing off everyone to represent tuberculosis, the disease that slayed nearly all his loved ones. By 1847 and the age of thirty-eight, Poe had lost everyone close to him in his life, and his ability to write was the only thing he had left. As previously stated, Poe’s “The Raven

A First Look At Death

2203 words - 9 pages just thinking Dad." He left it at that and said, "Let's go inside and eat. I'm sure your mother and sister are inside waiting for us." When we got inside, I could see my sister pouring milk for all of us. My mom was in the kitchen finishing up dinner. Usually she would say welcome home to my dad and give him a kiss, but that was not the case today. Instead, all they did was make eye contact and stared at each other. After a few moments of

Similar Essays

A Close Look At Cloning Essay

1181 words - 5 pages that the genes in a newborn baby clone could be - say - 30 years old or more on the day of birth. Many attempts at animal cloning produced disfigured monsters with severe abnormalities. So that would mean creating cloned embryos, implanting them and then destroying (presumably) those that look imperfect as they grow in the womb. However some abnormalities may not appear till after birth. A cloned cow recently died several weeks after birth with a

Takng A Close Look At Sporting Chance

3147 words - 13 pages interviews on people on the street or at sports clubs and gyms. In total I had collected data from 45 people out of the 50 that I had originally tried to achieve. From doing this I had some findings which I would use to achieve my results shown below: • The average age ranged from 13-18 • In this age range only 30 of the 45 participants actually participated in a sporting activity • The most common and favorite sport to participate in was Soccer • 20

Taking A Close Look At The Work Of Richard Grusin

3421 words - 14 pages Sensationalization, Media & Affective Emotion International Studies 550 Kirsten Polley  In this paper I take a close look at the work of Richard Grusin on premediation and remediation, alongside Brian Massiumi’s idea of the half-life of disaster, to argue how mediation affects current events - specifically through the story of the recent loss of Malaysian Airlines flight 370. Media has played a large part in shaping American history, since

Appeal Of New Age Pilgrimage: A Close Look At The Amazon And Sedona

2437 words - 10 pages choices they made through encountering deep spiritual journeys and experiencing sacred energies through a range of different experiences. We will discuss the appeal of New Age pilgrimage with reference to two sites in particular, the vortex experience in Sedona, Arizona in the United States and the Ayahuasca rituals and journeys that occur all over the Amazon Rainforest in South America. These sites are worthy of looking at because they market two