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Rabbinical Judaism. Essay

1096 words - 4 pages

Judaism may be defined as 'the culture of a people, a people for whom the idea of statehood is important, and who in the past have existed as a nation in their land, or have enjoyed a large measure of communal autonomy in foreign lands' (Alexander, 1984, p. 11). Rabbinical Judaism is the form of Judaism as we know it today. Within this form of Judaism we have a central role, a Rabbi. The Rabbi is the personification of the Torah and the authority the Rabbi has, comes from the close union that they have with the Torah. As the living role of the Torah, the Rabbi is a role model for all Jewish people to aspire to. Before we look into the Rabbinical World of Judaism, we must first look back and understand a brief history of Judaism in itself."Now the LORD said unto Abram: "Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy fathers house unto the land that I will show thee. I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee and make thy name great; and be thou a blessing." (Genesis 12:1-2). 'God chose Abraham to be the father of a people who would be special to God, and who would be an example of good behaviour and holiness to the rest of the world. God guided the Jewish people through many troubles, and at a time of Moses he gave them a set of rules by which they should live, including the Ten Commandments' (Religion and Ethics: Judaism, n.d.).Judaism had now risen and been born. The Jew's, with God's leadership and direction, produced many great people such as King Solomon who built the first Temple and started the Temple worship. After 920 BCE when the Jewish kingdom fell apart and 600 BCE when the Temple was destroyed, the Jews once again grew in strength and rebuilt the second Temple in 175 BCE. The second Temple was destroyed in 63 BCE with the Roman invasion, but with the strength the Jews now possessed, rebuilt it only a few short years later.70 CE marks the birth of Rabbinic Judaism. The traditional worship with the Temple was abandoned for a 'Judaism' that would be able to be practised in any part of the world.The Hebrew Bible is made up of the Torah, known here as the Law, the eight books of the Prophets and the eleven books of Writings. The written law is made up of these twenty-four books. The Torah, or the five books of Moses, describe the direct communication from God. This is what is worked from, beginning to end, during the year in synagogue. The major prophetical books in the Hebrew Bible are Ezekiel, Isiah, Jeremiah and Lamentations. These are communications from God only written in their words, with thirteen minor books making up the rest. The Writings is said to be equally sacred but come from other communications with the Holy Spirit. Finished in the first century CE., together it is called Tenakah.Torah, by which the word means 'instruction', is a narrative work that tells the story of ancient Israel. 'The Torah is the foremost expression of God's covenant with the world, and without it the heavens and the...

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