Race Relations In Sa 1948 1976

1591 words - 6 pages

Question 2"I fought just as hard as any other soldier in South Africa during World War 2. Death is Death- the risk is the same regardless of your sin color. I thought when we came back, we would be treated the same …. I was a fool"W BUSCH - ex Cape Corp SoldierResearch race relations in South Africa after WW2 Until the 1976 Soweto uprisingWorld War 2 saw the world on the brink of destroying itself and involved men from every country and race to serve as a soldier to fight. South Africa was on the allied side and sent every available man to the war effort regardless of skin color. After the war those soldiers came home and some were treated like royalty others were shunned and treated like they had done nothing. Soon after that the situation for the blacks got worse.South Africa had always been dominated by whites and had always held power ever since they arrived. The whites were educated in the modern ways and had always had the technology advantage that helped them gain power over the indigenous people. Until 1917 South Africa was ruled by the England whose policies were prejudiced against the blacks.The British ruled colony introduced a system of pass laws in the Cape Colony during the 19th century. This was done with the intention of controlling the movement of blacks from the tribal regions to the areas occupied by whites and coloureds, and which were ruled by the British. Pass laws not only restricted the movement of blacks into these areas but also prohibited their movement from one district to another without a signed pass.Between 1913 and 1919 power was shifted over the Smuts' United Party under the leadership of Jan Christiaan Smuts, who continued the segregation enforcement. Then during World War 2 he moved away from the enforcement of his policies. Whether this was due to the lack of able bodied white men to run the country or more permanent move, we can only debate as they were narrowly defeated by the National Party.The National Party then formed a coalition government with the Afrikaner Party (AP), under Protestant cleric Daniel Francois Malan's leadership. It immediately began implementing apartheid.Mixed marriage, marriage between different races, was prohibited. The whole country was classified into race categories. A special classification board was set up to sort out any uncertain cases. This meant that regardless of your back round you were now only seen as white, black, Indian or colored.The next big huge legislature to be implemented was the Group housing act in 1950. This involved all the races except the whites to be evicted from their homes and to move to designated areas to live there.A famous example in Cape Town is District 6 where the whole community was evicted and moved to make way for white families to redevelop the area. The areas they were designated were far worse that the ones they left and the relocation didn't take into consideration where the people's jobs were and many lost their jobs. In many cases,...

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