Race riots in America is a story told so little, but a story that is key to the hard work and road laid for African Americans. In the 20th century in times where we knew African Americans fought persistently for Civil Rights, seldom is their the story about the early 20th century. In the beginnings of the 20th century Riots broke out across all of the United States, over eight issues which included the following: Prejudice, Economic Competition, Political Corruption and Exploitation of Negro Voters, Police Inefficiency, Newspaper Lies about Negro Crime, Unpunished Crimes Against Negroes, Housing, Reaction of Whites and Negroes from War. Over the course of a span of fifty years more than eight riots broke out, including Wilmington race riot; the only successful coup d’état in United states history. Within this topic I will research organizations that were founded during this time in result of riots and that impacted the advancement of African Americans.
The end of Civil War brings emancipation and then reconstruction of the South, which brought many white American fears of equality of the races to reality. This lead to a number of states in the south creating Black Codes, in their fear southern whites used things like interracial marriages, miscegenation to resist new equality laws. This included clauses from the antebellum slave laws, and free northern black’s laws. Later challenged by the fourteenth amendment, that was ratified in 1868 requiring the states to pass laws to all citizens without any form of discrimination.
Following the outbreak of race riots in United States from the late 1890’s to mid 1900’s, African Americans formed numerous groups in response to the political and racial atmosphere in the United States; these group’s missions were to impact and advance their communities. Predating world war one racial violence soared to an all-new high due to the white supremacist movement.
Wilmington Race Riot:
History shows that the Eastern part of North Carolina was “free land”. More specifically Wilmington, NC in 1898 had the only successful coup d'état in the United States. Meaning there was an over throw of the government, kicking out all African Americans out of their political offices.
History tells us in brief that the race riot began from Alexander Manly’s response about interracial relations claims made by Rebecca L Felton. ““When there is not enough religion in the pulpit to organize a crusade against sin; nor justice in the court house to promptly punish crime; nor manhood enough in the nation to put a sheltering arm about innocence and virtue----if it needs lynching to protect woman’s dearest possession form the ravening human beasts----then I say lynch, a thousand times a week if necessary.” Meaning White men are making it easy for African Americans to rape white women while they work out in their fields. Manly, a paper editor and owner of the Wilmington Daily Record responded to these claims, which are to...