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Racial And Ethnic Attitudes In The United States And China

802 words - 4 pages

According to the United States 2010 census, the United States population is make up of eight different racial categories: white, black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, some other race, and two or more races. (Humes 2) “’White’ refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.” (Humes 3) White people make up the dominant racial group with about 63% of the population, the subordinate group is generally acknowledged as non-white and is made up of all of the other racial groups that are not classified as white with about 37% of the population. ...view middle of the document...

In 1934, the state released a new Indian Reorganization Act; this act encouraged tribal sovereignty and tribal land management. (Federal Acts & Assimilation Policies) The United States government, and its culture, and the Native American cultures would attempt to coexist.
The Chinese population is made up of 91.9% Han Chinese and 8.1% other nationalities, including Uygur, Tibetan, and Mongol, among others, according to Infoplease, a website run by Pearson Education Incorporated. (Ethnicity and Race by Countries) Han people are the dominant group, both in numbers and political power. The Xinjiang province, an ‘autonomous’ region in northwest China, has an almost opposite situation in terms of the racial/ethnic population makeup. The Han of Xinjiang make up 40.1% of the province’s total population and the nationalities classified as other make up 59.9% of the population. The majority of the other nationalities are Uygur, Muslin Turkic people. (Xinjiang Announced the Sixth Census Data) They hold almost no power in their province.
In China, the attitudes towards race and ethnicity are conflict theory based. Specifically, the theory of racial formation can be applied. The theory of racial formation states that “the government substantially defines racial and ethnic relations.” (Kendall 54) The most blatant example of the theory of racial formation is in the Xinjiang province. In the Xinjiang province, the Chinese state government has a history of taking actively repressive measures targeted toward the Uygur population, “Any independent...

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