Racial Profiling In Canada Essay

1265 words - 5 pages

There is dispute regarding what defines racial profiling. Critics ask Is it racist, or is a necessary part of law enforcement. Racial profiling is identified by Adele Cassola in her article as unjust whereas Denyse Coles argues that racial profiling is necessary and is not considered racism. According to the Ontario Human Rights Commission “Racial profiling is based on stereotypical assumptions because of one’s race, colour, ethnicity, etc.” whereas criminal profiling “relies on actual behaviour or on information about suspected activity by someone who meets the description of a specific individual” (Facts Sheet, para 2). This definition is also shared by Casola but Coles considers them as the same. It is important to separate fact from feelings when discussing racial profiling; stereotypes are offensive, however identifying one’s race in a criminal profile does not make one racist.
In the article “Point: Racial Profiling in Law Enforcement is Unjust”, Adele Cassola determines that racial profiling is an extensive problem in policing across Canada. She identifies that racial profiling is based on stereotypes of race, ethnicity, and cultural background with African-Canadians, Arab-Canadians, and Aboriginal Canadians being targeted most frequently. Racial profiling is not unique to law enforcement and immigration, Cassola asserts, “it is a wide spread problem within other institutions and establishments as well” (2009). She discovered a survey that showed Toronto's African-Canadian secondary school students were stopped four times more frequently and searched six times more frequently than their non-black classmates. In an article from the Toronto Star newspaper in 2002, Cassola notes that African-Canadians were subject to harsher treatment than non-blacks when charged with identical crimes (2009). These claims are confirmed in “2003 and 2004, [where] self-reporting by police officers in Kingston, Ontario revealed that the city’s African-Canadian and Aboriginal residents were significantly more likely to be stopped” (Cassola 2009). When racial profiling is used as a policing tool, Cassola maintains there is no evidence that one race over an other will take part in illegal activity. When using statistics to prove one race may commit a crime more often than others, she claims the results of this “are unreliable because they are themselves a reflection of racial profiling”. Due to this unreliability, she asserts that racial profiling is a useless policing tool. She continues to claim that by using race rather than personal behaviour, it allows those who do not fit the racial profile to be de-criminalized. In addition to this, she emphasizes that racial profiling “violates [our] constitutional right to be free from arbitrary detention and unreasonable searches, to be treated equally in front of the law, and to be treated without discrimination, stereotyping or prejudice”. To do this, she explains it can cause great apprehension of...

Find Another Essay On Racial Profiling in Canada

Racial Targeting and Profiling in the United States

1463 words - 6 pages Racial Targeting and Profiling in the United States The practice of targeting individuals for police investigation based on their race alone in the last few years has been an increasingly prominent issue in American society. Numerous magazines, newspapers, and journals have explored the issue of race-motivated police actions. Recently, the ABA Journal did a study of New Jersey and Pennsylvania traffic stops from 1998 to 2001, concluding

Racial Profiling: The Color of Justice in America

1120 words - 4 pages For the past few years there has been an ongoing debate surrounding the issue of racial profiling. The act of racial profiling may rest on the assumption that African Americans and Hispanics are more likely to commit crimes than any individual of other races or ethnicities. Both David Cole in the article "The Color of Justice" and William in the article "Road Rage" take stance on this issue and argue against it in order to make humanity aware of

Racial Profiling in America. This is a look at a specific problem in policing today. The subject is Racial profiling during traffic stops

2511 words - 10 pages Racial Profiling in America.In the past 10 years a regular occurrence has become a problem threatening the very well-being and respectability of Americas police departments. This problem is racial profiling. Racial Profiling occurs in many places but is greatly scrutinized and publicized in regards to traffic stops. Racial profiling in traffic stops is a practice that is wrong under our constitutional rights and it is an "un-American" way of

"Racial profiling is wrong and we will end it in America"

524 words - 2 pages On February 26, 2004 congress introduced bipartisan legislation called the "End Racial Profiling Act", (ERPA). This is intended to end racial bias in law enforcement, because this tactic erodes community trust."No American is to be subject to law enforcement encounters based on crude bias," said Laura W. Murphy, Director of the ACLU Washington Legislative Office.This is a bill whose introduction comes from The American Civil Liberties Union

Racial Profiling: Driving While Black is a Real Offense in America

1375 words - 6 pages /2014/01/10/watch-out-driving-while-black-is-still-a-problem.html Martin, Rich. (2010). "Police Corruption" FBI Web. 23 May 2015. http://leb.fbi.gov/2011/may/police-corruption-an-analytical-look-into-police-ethics Harris, David A. ACLU. (1999). "DRIVING WHILE BLACK: RACIAL PROFILING ON OUR NATION'S HIGHWAYS" American Civil Liberties Union. Web. 18 May 2015. https://www.aclu.org/report/driving-while-black-racial-profiling-our-nations-highways Harris, D. (n.d.). Cost of Getting Stopped. THE STORIES, THE STATISTICS, AND THE LAW: WHY "DRIVING WHILE BLACK" MATTERS. Web. 30 May 2015. http://academic.udayton.edu/race/03justice/dwb02.htm

How Racial Profiling Led to the Death of Trayvon Martin

1002 words - 5 pages the grass taking my last breaths, all I could think is “Why me”? Young Trayvon Martin was killed because of racial profiling. Due to the way he was dressed, in all black with a hoodie, he was seen as a threat. Trayvon had no intentions to hurt anyone, he carried no weapon, but just because the way he looked he was murdered. Racial profiling is wrong in many ways. The history of racial profiling and the psychology proves that racial profiling is

An Argument Against Racial Profiling by Police

1612 words - 6 pages Racial profiling in the dictionary is “the assumption of criminality among ethnic groups: the alleged policy of some police to attribute criminal intentions to members of some ethnic groups and to stop and question them in disproportionate numbers without probable cause (“Racial Profiling”).” In other words racial profiling is making assumptions that certain individuals are more likely to be involved in misconduct or criminal activity based on

Racial Profiling - Driving While Arabic (DWA)

1551 words - 6 pages What is racial profiling? According to Robert M. Franklin, the Presidential Distinguished Professor of Social Ethics at Emory University, it is ?Trying to assess and predict the behavior, motives, and character of other law-abiding people based on their physical appearance?. In 1999, former President Bill Clinton said of racial profiling, ?Racial profiling is in fact the opposite of good police work, where actions are based on hard facts, not

racial profiling

596 words - 3 pages Racial profiling has been a common controversy between law enforcement and communities, specifically those of a minority population. This activity has been ultimately allowed by federal and state governments as they benefit from the aid in pinpointing or otherwise targeting criminals or illegal aliens. Furthermore, racial profiling has become more of a commonly encountered practice especially after the September 11 attacks. Racial profiling is

Does Racial Profiling Actually Occur

1753 words - 7 pages The concern about racial profiling is erupting throughout the nation. Many cities and states have decided to study racial profiling, or how race and ethnicity may play a part in traffic stops by law enforcement in their jurisdictions. There seems to be a generally accepted understanding of what profiling is. Profiling is the law-enforcement practice of scrutinizing certain individuals based on characteristics thought to indicate a likelihood of

An Argument Against Racial Profiling

1109 words - 4 pages outside sources and evidence gathered from investigation. Based on these definitions, I will show that racial profiling is unfair and ineffective because it relies on stereotyping, encourages discrimination, and in many cases can be circumvented. There have been many studies and case reports involving racial profiling, particularly racial profiling issues involving traffic stop and seizures. In a study done of reports on the stop-and-searches

Similar Essays

Racial Profiling In America Essay

2328 words - 9 pages RACIAL PROFILINGThe Dilemma of Racial Profiling in AmericaXxxxx XxxxxxRunning head: RACIAL PROFILINGXYZ UniversityThe Dilemma of Racial Profiling in AmericaRacial profiling has a long history in the United States, dating back to the early 1700's when white men policed black slaves, stopping them to check for passes to make sure they had permission to be off the plantation. In rare instances, blacks would provide "freedom papers" to show they

Racial Profiling In Today's Society Essay

1827 words - 7 pages Racial Profiling in Today's Society Racial profiling is the tactic of stopping someone because of the color of his or her skin and a fleeting suspicion that the person is engaging in criminal behavior (Meeks, p. 4-5). This practice can be conducted with routine traffic stops, or can be completely random based on the car that is driven, the number of people in the car and the race of the driver and passengers. The practice of racial

Racial Profiling Of Asians In America

1722 words - 7 pages Racial Profiling of Asians in America      "Have you heard the one where someone broke into this guy's house and all his electronics were stolen but they knew that the burglar was Asian because the math homework that was left on the kitchen table was completed?  What about the one how Asians get their names?  By dropping a fork down the stairs."  In the first issue of the Asian American magazine, Amerisian, the magazine

Racism, Racial Profiling And Segregation In America

2896 words - 12 pages racial profiling, segregation, and unequal education. The ideas of white supremacy and black inferiority that started hundreds of years ago have molded American cities; thus we are facing many of the same problems our founding fathers faced. Cornel West, a professor of Afro-American Studies and the Philosophy of Religion at Harvard University, has experienced first-hand the ongoing effects of white supremacy and black inferiority in our nation's