America’s well–entrenched racism against Asians resulted in enhanced levels of brutality against Japanese soldiers, when compared to the other enemy soldiers they encountered during World War II. Legislation in the United States demonstrated racism against Asians for decades. Asian immigrants and citizens fought these discriminatory rulings, only to receive opposition against their plight. Persistent racial discrimination towards the Japanese caused a sense of resentment of Japanese soldiers in the United States military. During several campaigns, American General Infantry displayed ruthlessness against Japanese conduct of war.
Several mandates made in California and Washington devastated the lives of Asian immigrants and citizens. These mandates affected their ability to work in several industries. This distressed their source of revenue, making self–sufficiency incapable. Furthermore, legislators made citizenship difficult to obtain. The Naturalization Act is an example. Barring ...view middle of the document...
Several court cases confronted the right of naturalization, exclusion, restrictions on reentry, and the ownership of agricultural land. These court cases include: Chew Heong versus United States, United States versus Wong Kim Ark, People versus Oyama, and California versus Harada. However, the Supreme Court admitted deportation and the prevention of habeas corpus. The Japanese and Filipinos also organized strikes against wage inequality and discriminatory work conditions. Even though the strikes failed, the Japanese and Filipinos organized associations to combat discrimination in the labor force. Anti–Asian sentiment rose and countered their effort.
American General Infantry resentment of Japanese soldiers heightened before their initial hostile encounter in the Pacific. The attack on Pearl Harbor increased anti–Asian sentiment in the United States. Americans suspected the Japanese and any Asian with similar physical appearances as traitorous. Soldiers shared an identical perception along with the masses. The method of creating and mobilizing a military influenced what the Pacific will resemble in the mind of the soldier. The surrounding military culture also fuels their anticipations. These anticipations include: liberation from societal expectations and the urge to encounter the enemy. The journey to the Pacific contained inaccurate information about the Asian people and their land. These sources of information heightened the soldier's resentment of Japanese soldiers and several ethnic groups in Asia.
Combatants displayed relentless hostility toward Japanese soldiers. Environmental components fueled their animosity. Several first–hand accounts of war in the Pacific discuss the unbearable heat and moisture. Their encounter with the local population of Asia confirms their anti–Asian sentiment. The soldiers considered the local population impoverished and inferior. More importantly, the behavior of the GI manifested itself in various forms. The GIs executed enemies attempting to “surrender” and frequently collected their remains as a keepsake. Technological advances in weaponry allowed American soldiers to perform incomprehensible brutality. Soldiers sought artillery, tanks, equipment, flamethrowers, ammunition, and semi–automatic rifles in a jungle environment.