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Racism And Nelson Mandela Essay

994 words - 4 pages

PAGE PAGE 1 Kamal
Fayoum universityFaculty of ArtsEnglish departmentPre-masterRacism and Nelson MandelaPrepared by:Manal KamalTo:Professor. Manal AnwarManal KamalDr / Manal Anwar11 May 2014Racism and Nelson MandelaRacism is a certain kind of prejudice, based on faulty reasoning and inflexible generalizations toward a specific group. If a person allows their prejudiced beliefs to block the progress of another, it is discrimination. Those who exclude others from certain types of employment, housing, political rights, educational opportunities, or social interactions are guilty of racial discrimination. Stereotyping, the prejudgment of others based on their race, color, sex, and religion, is also another of the many forms of racism.To understand how South Africa changed, one must know the history of Apartheid and the effects it had on the country. In 1948 the white people felt that the blacks threatened their position, so the national party, that has formed all the governments since then, introduced the policy of apartheid. The government began writing laws that put the population in different racial groups. The government separated everything that it could. It separated education, health care and many other public services. The white population got much better service and care than the majority of the population. Apartheid sparked many resistance groups in the country and violence was becoming more and more frequent.In Nelson Mandela, the African National Congress found a man with great political potential experience and a leader that could unite an entire nation against segregation and discrimination. Mandela had political influence since his childhood. He was born on 18 July 1918 in southern Transkei, in southeastern South Africa. Mandela was the first person in his family to attend a school. When Mandela was 9 years old his father died. Mandela was then sent to mission school while he lived with a family friend. After Mandela completed school and earned his Junior Certificate, he attended Fort Hare University to study for his Bachelor of Arts degree. While he was at the university, he met Oliver Tambo who was to be a future African National Congress leader. While working with Tambo, Mandela began to take a serious interest in politics again.He enrolled to study law at the University of South Africa, where he joined the African National Congress, or ANC. The ANC adopted the Youth League's 'Programme of Action', using non-violent actions such as boycotts, strikes, civil disobedience and non-cooperation as a way of protesting against apartheid. The aim was to get full citizenship and full parliamentary representation for all South Africans, regardless of race, and fair sharing of wealth and land, equal education and employment opportunities. Mandela travelled around the country organising resistance to the unjust laws. Huge rallies and strikes attracted thousands of supporters. The government introduced harsh punishments, and many thousands were...

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