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Social Theories Of Karl Marx And Maw Weber

945 words - 4 pages

There are many sociological issues in the world today that can relate back to the concept theories that Karl Marx and Max Weber formed many years ago. Although there are too many for us to go further in depth on, I chose to primarily focus on Racism and Classism. With the perspectives of these theorists in mind I can explain how Racism, Classism, in conjunction with Feminism are among the largest social problems human beings face in the world today.
Both theorists have different theories of the social concept Classism, however they are not that much different from one another. Karl Marx utilizes the term “proletariat” to refer to the "working class". Marx views the members of each class as sharing their own distinctive culture. Max Weber uses the term “class” to refer to people who share a similar level of wealth and income. Weber suggests the distinct components of stratification are class, status, and power. When he refers to “status” he is suggesting that a status is a group of people who have the same prestige or lifestyle.
Classism creates differences because “economic ownership which is based on the determinant of class relations". According to Marx the conflicts that result of these changes in Class, Gender, and Race all can be very costly and damaging to the stability of the system in which these social problems are surrounded by. We were given the idea of what the white man’s dream was in America, and that we need standard things for living. However the “white man’s dream” may not be the American Dream for all, and others may have a different definition or idea of what the American Dream or standard of living may be for them. For example people who make a certain amount of money a year have higher status according to Weber, and a better standard of living according to Marx. This leads to those who have a “lower status” or we refer to as our “lower class” and have an unsatisfactory standard of living tend to steal and rob those who have the things that the lower class population desires. Once this happens the judiciary system is allowed by the capitalist society to take advantage of our lower class, because these people aren’t able to afford neither lawyers nor rehabilitation fees and are provided with lousy public defenders that show very little interest to defend these people. This allows us to raise our brows to the problems with socialism, and where the government is failing us. Marx used the concept of “class consciousness” to refer to a subjective awareness held by members of a class regarding their common vested interests and need for collective political action to bring about social change.
According to Marx, class is qualitatively different from gender and race...

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