Racism, Research, and the Breaking of the Hippocratic Oath

2547 words - 10 pages ✓ Expert Reviewed
VIEW DOCUMENT
Preview

2013
Racism, Research, and the Breaking of the Hippocratic Oath
A statement in an unsigned article in the Journal of the American Medical Association, gives the prejudicial idea: “‘Virtue in the Negro race is like angels’ visits—few and far between”’ (Brandt 21). Nearly seventy years after Lincoln abolished slavery in the United States, racism and prejudice still flowed through the veins of many Americans and their views corrupted medical research studies with bribery, prejudice, and flagrant disregard for ethics, such as the Tuskegee Syphilis case in 1932. This blatant disrespect for African-American life left only seventy-four men alive of the three hundred and ninety-nine men who participated in the study. These men were chosen as research subjects solely on the color of their skin and that they were a “notoriously syphilis soaked race” (Skloot 50).
Southern states known for their extreme prejudice against blacks in the early twentieth century, upheld the unethical Jim Crow laws, which legalized segregation throughout communities that were once part of the Confederacy. At the time, Social Darwinism became a popular theory among citizens and scholars. The theory contained extremely racist beliefs about the indisputable demise of the black population and was widely supported by the medical community. Doctors and physicians were referred to as noble, respected individuals, but these men shared the same discriminatory beliefs as the people in their society.

Manes 2
In 1932, Syphilis, a highly infectious sexually transmitted disease, was widely prevalent in black and white communities in the South. Since Macon County had the highest rate of the infection, Dr. Taliaferro Clark decided that the study of “untreated syphilis in the male Negro” would take place there (Gray 42). These researchers wanted to observe the natural course of the disease. They possessed no intention of ever helping the poor men that would be chosen as subjects. One might ask oneself, why wasn’t an interracial study ever constructed? It would seem logical to do so, since the disease was known to infect white men as well, but these researchers would not have allowed white men to suffer through the course of the disease without being administered treatment, like the black subjects.
The self-interest of the white researchers brought on many studies concerning the black population. Whites never were interested in the well-being of African-Americans. They studied disease-infected black people not to cure them, but to learn how whites could avoid catching their diseases. Before emancipation, black health was looked after because slaves were considered “property of the white man” and seen as an “investment”. After the slaves were freed, their health was studied because of the fear of the white population. Stated in Beyond Consent: Seeking Justice in Research by Kahn, Mastroianni, and Sugarman, “…black health needs were ignored except to the extent that they were relevant to...

Find Another Essay On Racism, Research, and the Breaking of the Hippocratic Oath

Breaking The Chains Of Monotony Essay

629 words - 3 pages Breaking the chains of monotony*Apathy. Disinterest. Indifference. These words sum up what has been happening in the college for years now. The students are apparently in limbo or somewhere between the monotony of studying and other personal afflictions.Known as the intellectual hub of the country, the University of the...

The consequences of breaking standards Essay

1008 words - 4 pages Human behavior is often based of the laws and expectations set by community surrounding them. Breaking these norms results in many arrays of emotions. To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, and The Help by Kathryn Stockett all exemplify the consequences of breaking standards in societies with set norms to uphold. The various authors have crafted societies that behave in distinct manners, and classify people...

Breaking The Cycle Of Poverty

1706 words - 7 pages . Before long, an entire community has broken the cycle of poverty. Breaking the cycle of poverty, no matter how it’s approached, is not a simple task. It requires a deep commitment and desire to help those who are less fortunate. Through the utilization of after school programs for at-risk children and teenagers, AmeriCorps volunteers might someday be able to break the cycle of poverty once and for all. Poverty as a whole will probably...

Vesalius As Well As The Hippocratic Tradition

652 words - 3 pages Vesalius is considered one great physician in human history. All his work and contribution marked the beginning of a new era for medicine. Thanks to his fantastic research on the human structure, medicine community can understand and treat diseases properly. He is, without doubt, an excellent representation of a Hippocratic physician because his determination, great reasoning and his fantastic discoveries which helped and led humanity to new...

Breaking Down the Methods of Biblical Hermeneutics

657 words - 3 pages to do more research about what they read and to learn more and break down what they are actually reading. The reformation hermeneutics are interesting because renaissance trends encouraged early Protestant reformers to push biblical interpretation full circle. The via moderna led them to develop an inductive and faith oriented hermeneutic method similar to Augustine’s, and to recover the patristic method of constructing theology exegetically...

The Causes Of Prejudice And Racism

2535 words - 10 pages the expectations of a society in which racism was not only an accepted part of everyday life but also an important economical factor. The Enlightenment's view of race is strongly dominated by the arrogance that the Western world and especially America had always shown towards other cultures. To them difference was just another word for inferiority.  It seems that they were unable and unwilling to even try to understand and accept other...

Breaking the Barriers

1045 words - 4 pages Life is like a game of chess: intricate yet intriguing. One has to take risks in order to reap the benefits, or play it safe and expect mediocre results. In Alice Walker’s The Color Purple, Walker delineates an inspirational tale of a woman’s growth and her path to find independence. As Celie struggles to attain happiness, she recognizes that the only way to discover it is to break out of her shell. Through self-motivation and the help of...

The Ideologies Of Racism And Nativism

1937 words - 8 pages The ideologies of racism and nativism and the structural causes of politics and laws create and sustain the social injustices associated with immigration. An ideology is a type of belief system based on societal values and norms. Ideologies are shared by a group of people and are passed down through generations. The attitudes of racism and nativism, as harsh and unfair as they may be, have existed in this country for hundreds of years...

Breaking The Barriers Of Ignorance (Black Boy)

1334 words - 5 pages Following a century of steam, the century of electricity begins. Ragtime jazz develops, Albert Einstein publishes his theory of relativity, women get the right to vote, Henry Ford releases his first car, and Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse first talks on screen in the film Steamboat Willie. Although the early 1900s is called the "age of wonderful nonsense," there is a darker side which few people want to remember. World War I, the sinking of the...

The Existance Of Racism

1197 words - 5 pages of Blacks in employment settings, a 10% reduction from 1964” (Public Health Watch). The U.S. Department of Justices “‘Special Call-In Registration’ is a program which requires non citizen males aged sixteen and older from primarily Muslim countries to ‘appear for fingerprinting, photographs, and interrogation under oath’” ( Engler, Sarkar 98). Racism exists because of government, historical events and background religion. Racism exists because...

The Costs Of Racism

1242 words - 5 pages The Costs of Racism The Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary defines racism as “a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.” Racism is one of the deepest stains on the pages of American history. What began as feelings among whites of being superior to blacks turned into possibly the worst phenomenon the United States...

Other Racism, Research, and the Breaking of the Hippocratic Oath Essays

Breaking The Cycle Of Toxic Racism

2264 words - 9 pages Nelson Mandela once said, “no one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite”(Mandela). Racism is an ongoing issue that has occupied many years of American history. Even with great leaders, such as President Abraham Lincoln and Dr. Martin...

The Oath Of Office And Code Of Ethics

1488 words - 6 pages Abstract In today’s world there are many issues facing the criminal justice system. Some of these issues include police corruption, use of excessive and deadly force, pursuits, and deviance. The media influences public opinion and there is concern over the morality, and ethics of our public leaders. (DeShon, 2000) The criminal justice system has two neglected and important issues of integrity and truth; the oath of office and the code of...

Toulmin Research Of Daniel Pinchbeck's Breaking Open The Head

2300 words - 9 pages Changes in Northwest U.S. Climate in Response to Amazon Deforestation." Journal of Climate 26.22 (2013): 9115-9136. Academic Search Complete. Web. 14 Mar. 2014. Pinchbeck, Daniel. Breaking Open the Head: A Psychedelic Journey into the Heart of Contemporary Shamanism. New York, U.S.: Broadway Books, 2002. Print. Richards, William. "The Rebirth of Research with Entheogens: Lessons from the Past and Hypotheses for the Future." Journal of...

The Solemn Oath: Understanding The Pledge Of Allegiance

1137 words - 5 pages Have you ever thought about what it truly means to be a patriotic American? Does a patriotic American simply support his country no matter what the cause; or does this patriot passionately reprimand his country’s injustices, no matter how small or big? Consider the Pledge of Allegiance. This oath of loyalty binds us as Americans and should unite us. The keyword being unite, for the essay I’ll respond to thinks otherwise. Indeed, Gwen Wilde is...