Radiation Effects from Tsunami in Japan of 11 March 2011
The March 11, 2011 widespread, destructive earthquake and tsunami affected several Japanese fishery areas and agricultural sector. Moreover, the detected radioactive leakage on food produced near destroyed Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant has brought fears on the safety of Japanese food export and the general food production system. Several nations have put strict regulations on the Japanese food products as the government of Japan takes measures in restricting and monitoring the distribution of the nuclear contaminated food. The United States main food agencies, the Food and Drugs Administration and the Department of Agriculture have taken approaches to address the Daiichi nuclear leakage effects (Povinec and Hirose 2). In addition to the two agencies, other US agencies are as well taking measures to stop any possible effects of the radiation in the US food production or its territories in the Pacific. Furthermore, other organizations in the UN are keenly monitoring international issues on the security of the Japanese produced foods. The effects of the March 11, 2011 tsunami have caused devastation not only to the Japanese but to the whole world, particularly to the locations in the Pacific. The Japanese authority in 2013 confirmed the radioactive water leak into the Pacific Ocean leading to a devastating impact on the complicated marine food web. Apart from food export, the recent report indicates contaminated water flowing into the Pacific Ocean as the tuna fish and other fish are migrating from Fukushima to California coast and other parts of the ocean (Povinec and Hirose 45).
The Fukushima nuclear leak is reported as the largest single contributor to the marine environment (WNN 2). The authorities have confirmed of more than 300 tons of nuclear contaminated waters entering in the sea daily. At the beginning 2014, the contaminated waters reached the West Coast. Indeed, tuna fish caught from California coast tested positive. Although, the World Health Organization affirms these levels, the radiation level in the sea around Japan has not been falling as expected. This indicates that the radiation leak is not under control. This has made not less than 42 fish species unsafe for human consumption as fisheries in Fukushima has remained closed (WHO 2).
Radiation health effects depend with the extent of exposure to the radiation. For instance, the Japanese radiation rescue workers were highly exposed to the radiation than the Americans who eat fish caught from the California coast (Johnson 6). Most of the rescuers and the people within the areas near Daiichi plant were externally exposed to the gamma radiation especially from the Iodine – 131, which is deposited on the skin. More possible effects come from the inhalation of the contaminated air, drinking contaminated water, or eating the contaminated food (CENEP 17). Acute health effects of radiation include radiation sickness and even death...