Radon Essay

1554 words - 6 pages

this report deals with a toxic gas "radon" witch is a great problem in the world causing thousands of deaths every year do to lung cancer noneRadonRadon is a naturally occurring radioactive element that can be found in soil, underground water, and outdoor air. Some of the properties of this gas include being odorless, tasteless, and colorless. The concentrations vary throughout the country depending on the types of rocks that are found in the soil. Exposure over prolonged periods of time to radon decay products has been associated with an increased risk of lung cancer.(3) The EPA describes an elevated concentration as being at or above their suggested guidelines of 4pCi/l (pico Curies per liter, used as a radiation unit of measure for radon). Exposures below this level may create a risk of lung cancer, farther reductions to lower levels may be too difficult or even impossible to achieve.(4)Radon enters buildings through: exposed soil in crawl spaces, through cracks, openings in floors, and through below grade walls and floors. This is the primary source of elevated radon levels in buildings.(5) Outdoor air contains radon, but it is in extremely low concentrations therefore it is not a health hazard. Some wells contain water that has radon dissolved in it. This can be a hazard if the water is agitated or heated, allowing the gas to escape and elevate the levels that are in the building.(6)Health RiskThe Surgeon General's office reports that indoor radon gas is a national health problem. This gas causes thousands of deaths every year.(7) These deaths are a result of lung cancer, which is caused by the radioactive particles that make up the gas.(8) The likelihood of getting lung cancer from radon depends on: the concentration that you are exposed to, the amount of time that you are exposed, and whether you smoke or not. The radioactive particles are inhaled when we breathe, and become trapped in the lungs. Once in the lungs they release small amounts of energy that can damage the tissue of the lungs which in turn can cause cancer.(9)Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer, with smoking being number one according to the Surgeon Generals office.(10) Smoking greatly increases the risk of getting lung cancer. Non smokers are allot less likely to get lung cancer from radon than smokers.(11) Radon is a big problem because a majority of the population spends most of its time indoors. This increases the amount of time that they are exposed, and the likelihood that they will get lung cancer.(12)Where Radon OriginatesRadon is created by the radioactive decay of uranium found in rocks, soil, and water. Uranium and its by products of decay, namely radon are abundant and are constantly being generated.(13) Radon is capable of easily traveling through rocks and soil.(14) The gas is also found dissolved in water, due to decay in the soil or rock below.(15)Radon in WaterThe risk from radon in water is much lower than the risk from radon in air. This is...

Find Another Essay On Radon

lung cancer Essay

753 words - 3 pages ; another important cause of lung cancer. It is responsible for approximately 3,000 lung cancer deaths and as many as 62,000 deaths from heart disease annually. Radon is considered to be the second leading cause of lung cancer in the U.S. today. Radon gas can come up through the soil under a home or building and enter through gaps and cracks in the foundation or insulation, as well as through pipes, drains, walls or other openings. Radon causes

Lung Cancer Essay

1066 words - 4 pages lungcancer deaths and as many as 50,000 deaths from heart disease annually(LUSA).Radon is considered to be the second leading cause of lung cancer in the U.S. today. Radon gas can comeup through the soil under a home or building and enter through gaps and cracks in the foundation orinsulation, as well as through pipes, drains, walls or other openings(LUSA). Radon causes between 15,000 and22,000 lung cancer deaths each year in the United States -- 12

Air Pollution and the Economy

645 words - 3 pages had no healthy food to sell to us then people could die from poisoning. And if people start dying, the economy is affected negatively. Among air pollutants let out by natural sources, only the radioactive gas radon is recognized as a major health threat. A by-product of the radioactive decay of uranium minerals in some kinds of rock, radon seeps into the basements of homes built on these rocks. According to recent estimates by the U.S

Underground Hazards To Consider Before Buying Your Dream House

643 words - 3 pages potential health hazard. Such areas may be at risk of sinkholes or contamination of underground water sources through ground seepage. In addition, the inspection should give information of any underground storage tanks and their contents. You should know what risk they pose to underground water should they leak in the future. • Asbestos and Radon gas Apart from roofing and pipes, asbestos can be found naturally on soil and rock around your home

Air Pollution

1114 words - 4 pages .  Ecosystems near point sources of lead demonstrate a wide range of adverse effects including losses in biodiversity, changes in community composition, decreased growth and reproductive rates in plants and animals, and neurological effects in vertebrates. (http://www.epa.gov/lead/2011) Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas. It is produced in the ground through the normal decay of uranium and radium. (Boorse, D. F., Wright, R.T.) (2011). Radon is

Nuclear Radiation: Effects, Facts And How We Can Stop It

538 words - 3 pages turns into radon. Radon decays into radioactive particles. If this is inhaled, it could cause respiratory problems.This happened because of the starting of nuclear power and other sources which we cannot control. We can benefit nuclear radiation by cutting back on the use of cell phones, and microwaves and other things that may produce nuclear energy, rays, power, etc.This affects everybody because if radiation can come from natural sources like

Radium. This essay describes, gives a history of, and gives properties of the element radium

910 words - 4 pages , meaning ray. Radium was one of the first discovered radioactive elements, and the word "radioactive" comes from the same root. Radium's most stable isotope is Ra-226. It has a short half life of 1602 years and decays into radon gas. The electron configuration is [Rn]7s2.Radium has been and is used for a few different practical uses because of its radiative properties. It was once indirectly used for medical purposes. The metal, in the form of

Top 10 List of Uncontrollable Risk Factors for Infectious Diseases

779 words - 3 pages Top 10 list of uncontrollable risk factors for infectious diseasesAirborne diseasesRegular check-ups / immunization / hygieneDiseases communicated by airi.e.) tuberculosis.flu and etc.RadonChange ventilation system / radon checksAccording to CDT Minnesota Department of Health (2007), Radon is a radioactive gas - that means it continuously decays and releases radiation. It is produced from minerals in soil, such as uranium and radium. Although

The Dangers of Nuclear Power Plants

1153 words - 5 pages Smith states that Uranium, which is used to make nuclear energy, can produce 20,000 times as much energy than fossil fuels (2011). This means that a small amount of Uranium would be used to make an abundant amount of energy. On the other hand, the process of acquiring the Uranium may be more dangerous that predicted. According to Jeremy Smith, uranium mining exposes workers to radium, a highly radioactive element, which then turns into radon gas

Quality of Water from Public-Supply Wells in the United States

1481 words - 6 pages unnatural sources. Next, we will discuss which pollutants are of most worry in groundwater and where they happen to be. The study used found ten pollutants accounted for most densities larger than benchmarks in groundwater. Half of the ten pollutants are regulated, and are considered safe when ending up in finished drinking water. Those that are not regulated, MCLs have been proposed for radon, and manganese, boron and dieldrin have gone through

Nuclear Energy

1830 words - 7 pages 'mill tailings', the residues from chemical processing of the ore, which leads to radon exposure to the public. These effects are over-compensated for by the fact that mining uranium out of the ground reduces future radon exposures. Coal burning leaves ashes that will increase future radon exposures. The estimates of radon effects are very much in favor of nuclear plants. Mining of the fuel required to operate a nuclear plant for one year will avert

Similar Essays

Radon Report

1154 words - 5 pages Scope This screening method can be used to determine Radon-222 in ambient air as Bq/cm. Clients will be advised that high values should be investigated further. Responsibility The Senior Scientist, Radiological Testing, and analysts who have been certified for this procedure may carry out analyses using this procedure. The person carrying out the analysis is responsible for checking the results and the associated QC data and for

Radon Gas Testing Essay

2416 words - 10 pages What if I told you that there is a gas that seeps out of the ground that has carcinogenic effects? Would you believe me? What if, in addition, I said that this gas is found in all of our homes where, for those of us that don't smoke, it serves as the main contributor in the development of lung cancer? Would you be skeptical? Well, radon is such a gas. In fact, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) currently estimates that as many as

Radon. Our Major Source Of Radiation Dose

2055 words - 8 pages Radon: Our Major Source of Radiation DoseIntroductionRadon-222 is a natural, radioactive isotope of element number 86, thatoccurs in the uranium-238 decay chain (see table 1). Its immediate parent isradium-226, and radon-222 itself decays by alpha particle emission through aseries of short -lived decay products (mainly isotopes of polonium, lead andbismuth) to lead-210 and on eventually to stable lead-206.Element Radiation Half-Life Uranium

Noble Gases Essay

1094 words - 4 pages Noble gases make up group 18 in the periodic table. There are six in total: Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon, and Radon. Noble gases are relatively unreactive. Until 45 years ago, noble gases were believed to be entirely inert because their oxidation number of 0 prevents the noble gases from forming compounds readily. Under normal conditions, noble gases occur as odorless, colorless, monatomic gases. All noble gases have the maximum number of