Ramesses II, also known as Rameses and Ramses was the third Pharaoh of the nineteenth dynasty in ancient Egypt and arguably the most powerful ruler Egypt has seen. He led his civilization from 1279-1213 B.C.E. With a seemingly everlasting reign of around sixty six to sixty seven years, Ramesses aided Egypt in the ways of expansion and growth of power. Being born into royalty and prosperity, Ramesses was able to influence the politics and growth of his country at a very young age. Shortly after his death, Egypt’s new kingdom faced a decline in power and influence.
In order to observe a leader’s rise to power it is vital to understand their upbringing and early life. Like a lot of kings, queens, and other monarchs, Ramesses inherited the throne from his father. Ramesses was born to King Seti I and his mother, Queen Tuya in the year of 1303 B.C.E. According to an article by Jeffrey Sheler in U.S. News & World Report, as a young prince Ramesses was elected as co-ruler to the throne at a young age and was in full control by the age of twenty four. Although Ramesses had great power at his grasp at an age where modern teens are just beginning secondary education, he was known as a very fierce and courageous warrior. At the age of twenty two his father sent him to successfully end a revolt to the south of Egypt in an area then known as Nubia where he personally partook in the expunging of revolting Nubian citizens. According to carvings discovered in the Beit el-Wali temple, Ramesses helped in this revolt by taking part in a chariot charge (Sheler).
An article in a scholarly journal by Anthony Spalinger titled “Traces of the Early Career of Ramesses II” also confirms Ramesses storming the Nubians as well as enlightens on other aspects of his early days as a prince and regent during the time that Seti I was still in possession of the throne. Spalinger states that the University of Chicago sent an expedition team to the Beit el-Wali temple in the early sixties and the team discovered many carvings that depict Ramesses II participating in three main battles and possibly more. While not much is known about the early life of Ramesses, all signs point to him being highly involved in Egypt’s military and quite possibly even similar to a current day general. The carvings that the team found portrayed Ramesses as very powerful and often victorious. While it is highly unlikely that many succumbed to the forces of Ramesses, it is also very unlikely that the Egyptians would document defeat of their nation by carving losing battles into sacred temple walls.
Among depictions of other things, these carvings depict Ramesses taking prisoners, being awarded tribute, and slaying enemies. (Salinger 272). In all of the carvings on display in Beit el-Wali, there are three common nations that Ramesses is depicted in conflict with; Libya to the west, Nubia to the south, and Syria (or the Hittites) to the northeast. This being said, Egypt seemed to be at war with all of its...