Many elementary schools promote sustained silent reading time. In sustained silent reading, students read silently for a designated time period every day in school. It will usually last for about 20-30 minutes. They select their own reading material and are not asked to answer comprehension questions or write book reports. Sustained Silent Reading is based on the theory that the more a student reads, the better the student will comprehend what they are reading. This will lead to better attitudes about reading, higher test scores and a better vocabulary. Teachers devote class time to drop everything they are working on so the students will have a chance to stop and read quietly to themselves. The term was introduced back in 1960; the basic rules for SSR were initiated in 1971 by McCracken. Sustained silent reading comes in many different forms. Schools have various names for it such as DEAR ( Drop Everything And Read) , FVR (Free Voluntary Reading, DIRT (Daily Individual Reading Time); SQUIRT (Sustained Quiet Un-Interrupted Reading Time), WEB (We Enjoy Books), and USSR (uninterrupted sustained silent reading).According to many researches SSR(Sustained Silent Reading) helps improve reading skill, vocabulary and also helps a student’s attitude toward reading. However, there are just as many researchers and teachers who do not believe SSR works in the classroom. Reports indicate that there is no significant improvement in reading comprehension, fluency or attitudes towards reading.
Statement of the Problem
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Sustained Silent Reading on students in early elementary students. Two questions that I hope to answer through this study is “What is the effect of the consistent use of sustained silent reading on early elementary, grades kindergarten to 2nd grade students reading achievement?” also “How does SSR effect early elementary student’s attitudes towards reading?” By answering these two questions we will be able to understand if SSR is an effective method in the classrooms for better Reading scores and attitudes.
Review of Related Literature
Sustained Silent Reading is an evidence based best practice used in classrooms throughout the world. Researchers use both qualitative and quantitative means of observation. “An examination of its core principles follows: Access to literature; appeal to literature; encouragement; adequate environment; non-accountability; and distributive time for literature, as written in the SSR handbook” (Pilgreen 2003, p.43). Studies are showing that student’s attitudes towards reading are increasing after reading books that they choose. “Numerous studies have indicated improvement for struggling readers when provided high interest materials. When the books that were chosen are at an appropriate reading level for each student.” (Karshen 2005, p. 444). Student’s attitudes towards reading changes when they are not...