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Effects Of World War I And Ii

1952 words - 8 pages

1Zeas31Zeas The Importance of History in International RelationsMany people believed the end of the world will occur through a natural disaster, deadly disease, or a giant meteor hurling down towards earth, but lately, people are beginning to think the end of the world will occur because of foreign policy in international relations. We live in a world where many wrong acts are committed (countries possessing nuclear weapons, authoritive figures abusing their role and power, terrorist groups taking lives of many innocent civilians, denying citizens of the world basic human rights, aggressive protests, racism, and discrimination) but there are also things that occur in the world that try to prevent these misbehaviors from happening or if they are happening, gather as many people as possible to form a community that can stop them from continuing.Political leaders or policymakers are blamed for the events going wrong around the world, or in some instances, praised for the good they are influencing. Why do these negative circumstances occur? What happened to make countries and citizens result in these behaviors? Whether it is looked at in a realist, liberalist, or constructivist manner, studying the history of a country and observing relations within itself and other countries will help us find the answer. This is similar to what historians are for but in the field of international relations, studying history helps us find clues that would indicate why the world is where it's at, where we could be heading, and predict what is to be done based on this information. History is used as evidence to help interpret success and failure from the past. Examining the events that contributed to start World War I and World War II and the effects it had towards policy making can illustrate why history is a crucial element to understanding current events around the world.World War ISovereignty, introduced in 1648 with the Treaty of Westphalia creating the sovereign state system, takes a big part in understanding what happened during our two world wars. The treaty was meant to bring Catholic Hapsburg countries and Protestant Northern European countries to a compromise that would have European state respect each other's sovereignty. Based on the conflict modeled after this treaty, World War I, also known as The Great War, was meant to be the war that ends all wars but it definitely wasn't the last. This war is seen as a tragedy because it could have been greatly avoided after contemplating over the factors in the past that led to social and economic conditions that made the world war occur (Goldstein 26).A Bosnian Serb nationalist, creating war against Austria and Serbia, assassinated the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914. Because of the declaration of war, alliances were formed: Serbia was in an alliance with Russia and Great Britain while Austria created an alliance with Germany and the Ottoman Empire, declaring war on each other. In order to entice people...

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