Rawl's Theory Of Justice Essay

1325 words - 5 pages

The phenomenon of adaptive preferences is describes as an individual having a desired goal but when they see themselves not being able to achieve the goal, they gradually start to lose their interest and desire for the goal. Since the goal becomes unattainable, the individual then tries to convince himself that the goal was not worth striving for. This phenomenon might be used to criticize some utilitarian theories because the theory does not satisfy the preferences of an individual and does not necessarily reduce the suffering; instead, the person lives his life pretending that the long desired goal was not worth it when deep down, they still want to attain the goal. But then if individuals were to set themselves attainable goals in which they have more of a realistic chance of achieving, then the person’s utility would not be unsatisfied. Other utilitarian theories’ goal is to maximize the utility and happiness of a person and the minimizes suffering. [160 words]

2. Government House utilitarianism is considered a less extreme form of Utilitarianism in which under this society, only a small number of the population would know that the correct moral theory to follow was Utilitarianism. Individuals under this form of society would then view rules and regulations as a good given by government officials. In this indirect form of utilitarianisms, they prefer to follow a structure that everyone shares the same two level moral view. I believe that an openly utilitarian government would best maximize its people’s welfare because under this form of government, the government would be a standard of rightness and not necessarily a decision procedure (30). I believe that an openly utilitarian government would best maximize people’s welfare because when viewing Utilitarianism under the equal consideration of interests (32), every individual is given equal consideration regarding interests and therefore, everyone’s life matters the equal. This would maximize people’s welfare because every individual would have the same amount of preferences and would treat everyone with equal consideration, whereas under a Government House form of utilitarianism, only a few individuals of the population know that utilitarianism was the most correct moral theory (31). In an openly utilitarian government, the idea would be to set a set standard for each individual’s interests and desires. In order to satisfy and maximize people’s welfare under a form of government is to treat them all the same and give each individual an equal consideration. People under this form of government would be the “most happy” because their interests and desires will be heard upon, but only the ones that will maximize the good will take part in government policy and actions. By giving people an equal consideration in society, this will indeed maximize the utility of the population. [295 words]

3. Rawls believes that the standard idea of equality of opportunity is “unstable” because it is not...

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