Placement of a student in your classroom after receiving a diagnosis of one of the 13 types of Specific learning disabilities (SLD’s) may leave you scratching your head as to what the name actually means and how to modify lesson and extend accommodations for it. When a person is learning disabled, they present weakness in the areas of memorizing, producing information (output), organizing it, or taking in information (input). Across learning environments, teachers should know how to deliver services to students to the highest efficacy attainable even where disability names are unfamiliar to the instructor and the IEP team as a whole. In this article, find the names of SLD’s, their characteristic, classroom strategies to address characteristics, and associated disorders based on information availability.
Auditory and visual processing disorders
Auditory processing disorders-(APD)
Another name for APD is (Central) Audio Processing Disorder (C)APD where the brains center’s for processing sound are impaired in some way making it difficult to distinguish one sound from another. This set of disorders is not the same as hearing impairment as the problem is not in the inner ear.
Trouble recalling information
Problems with multi-part oral instructions
Although there is no problem with hearing, a need to hear sounds at a higher volume may be present
Difficulties with background noises in crowded spaces
Would rather read than listen for expressed communication
Work with the student on their language skills after conferring with the IEP team to include an audiologist for explicit guidance based on goals and ability
Adjust acoustics within the environment
Transmit sound through headphones to rely information in the classroom
Visual Processing Disorders-(VPD)
Types: spatial relationships, motor processing, discrimination, figure-ground, sequence, visual memory, and closure
Generally, VPD has to do with how a person takes in information visually. In some way, their brain processes what they see in a distorted manner to affect learning.
Confused when reading letters that are similar in structure, i.e. b/d p/q
Unable to tell one symbol or character from another
Cannot recognize parts of a an object if the whole object is not presented
Only able to see either the pieces of an object or only the object as a whole
Use using audio for class reading instead of solely relying on text
Replace lined paper with raised, lined paper for writing assignments
Block text to focus attention on important words
Enlarge print on all written material
A hearing disorder affecting the way a person processes sound particularly the pitch, quality, or tone of sounds in speech to the point of causing irritation making it difficult to gather meaning from spoken words.
Systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE)