This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Reading Fluency Essay

2466 words - 10 pages

"By wisdom a house is built, and through understanding it is established; through knowledge its rooms are filled with rare and beautiful treasures." Proverbs 24:3-4 Reading fluency remains one of the areas of reading that often gets overlooked when addressing basic reading skills and comprehension for students who struggle in the area of reading. Studying fluency will allow those who teach reading to find strategies that are proven to be successful in the growth of reading.
The purpose of this research is introduce the concept of how fourth grade students with documented learning disabilities can achieve greater reading fluency with repetitive reading while comparing and contrasting three theories: Ehri’s Stages of Reading Development, Chall’s Stages of Reading Development, and Piaget’s Stages of Child Development with a focus on concrete operations.

“The 2005 Nation’s Report Card indicated that only 31% of fourth-grade students could read at a proficient level. Additionally, the majority of special education referrals are for reading problems” (Williams & Skinner, 2011, p. 87). “Recently, there has been an increased attention to reading fluency. The individual constituents of fluency and the relationships of fluency to comprehension have been of particular interest” (Klauda & Guthrie, 2008, p. 310). Findings in used to synthesize research on interventions found that building fluency required an explicit model which incorporated repeated and multiple readings of familiar texts. (Chard, Vaughn, & Tyler 2002).
The research on fluency has been both extensive and a labor of love by those who carry the passion of obtaining true automaticity and generalization in the realm of reading fluency and comprehension. The development of reading fluency has long been linked to successful reading since the earliest of research (Therrien, 2006). “The correlation between fluency and reading comprehension was clearly established by a large-scale analysis of data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress in Reading” (
Fluency is one of the key factors needed for the ultimate goal of, comprehension; however it is often a neglected area within classrooms across the United States (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development National Reading Panel, 2000). In reply to the National Reading Panel report, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, No Child Left Behind, Reading First, Response to Intervention, and a host of state and local policies, educators are being told to center on “proven practices” in several areas, one being fluency. (Valencia, 2010) Research conducted with elementary students with learning disabilities found that repeated reading interventions exceeded a 25% goal increase in reading rates. (Christner, 2009) These facts prove that there is a definite need for fluency instruction, especially for students will diagnosed learning disabilities, but...

Find Another Essay On Reading Fluency

Learning Theory and Research: An Authentic Application

1001 words - 4 pages gradually improved since sixth grade, most of the reports show significant fluctuations from spring to fall and fall to spring each year. Conclusion Based on the analysis of data, it is evident that many Tier 2 and Tier 3 students at High School A are in need of interventions to help improve reading comprehension. According to Denton, Fletcher, Anthony, and Frances, (2006), one way to improve comprehension is to target reading fluency, since

The Elementary Reading Attitude Survey Developed by Dennis J. Kear

2558 words - 11 pages students are thinking. The teacher will be sure to read the item number and to remind students of page numbers when new pages are reached. In addition, students will be given a pre and post assessment of a timed reading passage to monitor improvements in reading fluency. The reading passage will come from the STEEP, System To Enhance Educational Performance, testing material. Students will be individually tested for both the pre and post reading

Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities

983 words - 4 pages tackle this issue, reading interventions should be prepared for students with LD as for them to have equal learning opportunities. These interventions should be designed to deal with two aspect of reading skills: Oral decoding and Reading comprehension. In Watson, Fore & Boon, the authors take in consideration the early problems of early decoding for reading fluency. When teaching beginning readers, oral decoding is very important. They examined

Understanding Phonics

1597 words - 6 pages games). Unfortunately in any given group of students a good percentage of them will struggle with reading. The best way to prevent a child from falling behind is early identification and intervention, coupled with a comprehensive scientifically-based literacy program (Sousa, 2005). There are five essential components of such a program: phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. The goal of this paper is to explain the

A personal opinionated essay on 'The Jade Peony' by Wayson Choy, 'Horses of the Night' by Margaret Laurence, and 'The Masqe of the Red Death.' by Edgar Allen Poe

600 words - 3 pages I noticed that I enjoyed most of the storys not only for the obviousreasons such as good charactors, mood, and imagery but also because ofwriting style and fluency. I noticed some storys I enjoyed reading eventhought nothing in it really interested me too much, while other stories thatwere about topics I usally enjoy reading about I had to put down because Iwould end up going over every sentence two or three times each. So on thatnote I belive

Response to article: Making it sound like language

782 words - 3 pages Journal Article:Stahl, S. A. & Kuhn, M. R. (2002). "Making it sound like language: Developingfluency". The Reading Teacher, 55(6), 582-585. Retrieved June 19, 2005 from the ProQuest database.This article takes a close look at how developing fluency in the classroom should be completed. Stahl and Kuhn believe that reading development does not occur overnight. Becoming a fluent reader can sometimes be a timely process. There are many aspects

The Importance of Early Reading Intervention for Students who Demonstrate Difficulties with Reading

1482 words - 6 pages basic reading skills. At least one in five students has significant difficulties with reading acquisition (Lyon & Moats, 1997). In Therrien’s research he noted from previous research approximately 37% of fourth-grade students did not achieve at the most basic level. Also proposed was when LaBerge and Samuels (1974) theorized that reading fluency problems stem from readers’ poor decoding skills. When decoding is too slow, a “bottleneck” is

The Daily Five

1274 words - 5 pages The Daily 5, Reader’s Workshop, and Literacy Block are the buzz words you hear for reading in education, especially at the elementary level. The Daily 5 similar to Reader Workshop but incorporates the components of reading (comprehension, accuracy, fluency, phonics, phoneme awareness and vocabulary) is the most resent hype around reading today. The Daily 5 structure is the newest and exciting happening in our school. Teachers and students seem


1427 words - 6 pages acquisition, vocabulary knowledge, fluency, and reading comprehension. This paper discusses these links and strategies to help students improve all aspects of their reading. In 1997, Congress asked the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD, 2000) to select an independent panel of reviewers to evaluate research and literature in order to determine the most effective way to teach children how to read. This panel was

Effects of Sustained Silent Reading in the Elementary Classroom

1476 words - 6 pages teachers who do not believe SSR works in the classroom. Reports indicate that there is no significant improvement in reading comprehension, fluency or attitudes towards reading. Statement of the Problem The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Sustained Silent Reading on students in early elementary students. Two questions that I hope to answer through this study is “What is the effect of the consistent use of

Student Learning Project

1046 words - 5 pages 12/16/13 and an SPI (system 44) score of 3 which is classified under a beginning decoder. On 3/3/2014 Tim took the SRI again and scored a 570. He increased his score by 87 points. A fourth grade reading level is been a score of 600-900. On 3/7/2014 his SPI fluency score increased to 21 which is a developing decoder status. When the student reaches advancing decoder three times in a row they do not need to use System 44 anymore. An advancing

Similar Essays

The Impact Of Fluency Tutor On Student Reading Scores

2029 words - 8 pages agreement in education that a student’s ability to succeed academically is directly related to his or her progression in reading and writing (NAEYC, 1998). The goal of English Language Arts instruction is to achieve a higher level understanding of reading and writing, known as a level of fluency or ease with both skills. One component of literacy is Oral Reading Fluency, which is defined as ‘‘a level of accuracy and rate where decoding is

How Are Literacy, Fluency And Reading Comprehension Affected By Using Oral Reading Methods In The Classroom?

1631 words - 7 pages Literacy, fluency and reading comprehension all play a crucial role in determining how learners acquire skills within the classroom. This paper will review a number of scholarly literatures that give more details about fluency and reading comprehension. Over a long period of time, the ability of a learner to read educational materials fluently has been taken as the most thorough learning method through which the learner can acquire literacy

Teaching Fluency Implications For Repeated Readings As A Viable Strategy In Teaching Fluency In The Second Grade Classroom

1652 words - 7 pages Fluency has become a widely discussed topic in education today. There are many opinions among educators and researchers on what fluency means, and how it should be addressed in a classroom setting. I researched four articles from respected journals, and in this paper I will attempt to define fluency and measurement tools. I will also discuss Repeated Reading as a viable strategy for teaching Fluency in the second grade classroom. I chose this

Analysis Of Educational Course And The Foundational Knowledge Standard

1761 words - 8 pages within the classroom. This led to a new approach to the teaching of literacy with a significant shift occurring that brought silent reading in as the central skill to develop. This acknowledgement of fluency is a vital part of literacy development comes with a rich theoretical and pedagogical history that includes the shift from oral to silent reading, work by seminal theorists LaBerge and Samuels, and numerous other significant studies which