Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation Essay

2000 words - 8 pages

The study of medicine is “the science of preventing, diagnosing, alleviating, or curing disease”(freedictionary.com). Prehistoric medicine primarily consisted of using herbal healing, animal parts, and holy or medicine men. The Greek doctor, Hippocrates, is known as the “Father of Medicine.” It is after Hippocrates that the Hippocratic Oath is named. Every medical graduate must say the Hippocratic Oath. Another noteworthy in medicine is Galen, a Greek surgeon, who conducted surgeries of the eyes and brain which were not attempted for two following millenia. (Wikipedia) “After 750, the Muslim Arab world had Hippocrates’ and Galen’s teachings translated into arabic” (Wikipedia).
“Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), or physiatry is a branch of medicine which aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities” (Wikipedia). One of the first pioneers of PM&R was Frank H. Krusen, MD. In 1936, he developed a Department of Physical Medicine which was established at the Mayo Clinic. In 1938, the term “physiatrist” was suggested to encompass physicians specializing in physical medicine. A major catalyst in the need for physical medicine was the United States entry into World War II. The amount of injured soldiers returning home in need of treatment was a prime focus. In 1947, Dr. Kusen, Walter Zeiter, and John Coulter succeeded in creating the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. (American Academy of PM&R, 1)
“The common conditions that are treated by physiatry are sport injury, amputation, spinal cord injury, and musculoskeletal pain syndromes” (Wikipedia). The primary purpose of rehabilitation is restoring the person to the highest function within the limits of physical ability. “ The emphasis is not on the full restoration to the premorbid level of function, but rather the optimization of the quality of life for those who may not be able to achieve full restoration” (Wikipedia). Thus, in many cases, the patient is left with a mechanical disadvantage of some kind after the injury has healed.
Future Trends Economically
There has been significant growth in the number of physiatrists over the past twenty years. “In 2007, there were approximately 8,800 physiatrists” (Association of American Medical Colleges). The need for physiatrists is going to continue to increase as the population ages and baby boomers become senior citizens. According to the MGMA data, a community needs at least one physiatrist for every 60,000 people. For example, for Santa Cruz county 4.5 physicians are needed, but only two practice in the hospital in the outpatient setting. (Medical development specialists consult for Dominican Hospital)
At the present time a physiatrist practicing in the Western United States can expect to make between $288,000-$300,000. The future of physiatrist salaries may be impacted negatively with Medicare cuts and potentially...

Find Another Essay On Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Stress for Patients with Mobility Issues

970 words - 4 pages specialize in injuries related to limb loss, mobility issues, and spinal cord injuries. The services provided will be directed towards assessing and treating injuries with an ultimate goal of restoring a person’s independence in performing activities of daily living, thus improving quality of life. As acknowledged by the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, the facility will maintain certification in accordance with the American

A Skeptic's Guide to Sports Medicine

658 words - 3 pages company, and can waste a lot of you time and energy. Before you start calling doctors and making appointments for your weekend football injury, there are some things you should consider:' Many injuries, even sports injuries don't require asports specialist' If you do require a sports medicine specialist, findinga good one can be trickyMost injuries such as a sprain, bruised hip, or strain can be handled by the family physician. If there is a

Sports Rehabilitation Enhances Life with Physical Disabilities

2340 words - 10 pages Sports rehabilitation, best known as physical medicine, is a branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those who have physical disabilities. They specialize in restoring optimal functioning to people with injuries to the muscles, bones, tissues, and nervous system. This field grew notably during World War II to accommodate the large number of soldiers that were injured. The main goal of

Letter of Intent

1140 words - 5 pages applied an interdisciplinary approach in writing this dissertation, soliciting constructive comments from senior professors in sports medicine, coaches, colleagues, and, of course, sports. My work experience since the completion of my Master’s program is related to sports rehabilitation as I started working at FitAssess- Fitness Assessment Consultants, where I was a cofounder of the firm. Our firm is a private organization devoted to providing

Civil Rights for the Disabled: The Rehabilitation Act of 1973

2746 words - 11 pages subjected to discrimination under any program or activity that either receives Federal financial assistance or is conducted by any Executive agency or the U.S. Postal Service (Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Boston University, 1997). ll. Historical Analysis The National Civilian Vocational Rehabilitation Act, also called the Smith Fess Act, was developed in 1920. People with physical disabilities were targeted under this act and it

Robotic Rehabilitation for Physical Therapy

1681 words - 7 pages Robotic Rehabilitation, specifically the Lokomat or locomotor training, robotic body suits and the AlterG Leg, shows improvements to Physical Therapy. These devices strengthen muscles and bodies that have suffered from Cerebral Palsy, spinal cord injury, brain injury or stroke. Patients are harnessed into a treadmill that prevents them from falling and encourages them to strengthen their bodies. Through a computer system, a robot is thorough in

Analysis and Description of Aquatic Therapy

1058 words - 4 pages Aquatic Therapy refers to treatments and exercises performed in water for physical rehabilitation purposes. Aquatic therapy uses water as a therapeutic benefit for individuals. The water acts as a form of resistance and aids in improving ones function, flexibility, range of motion, strength, balance, aerobic capacity and endurance, gait and locomotion, and pain management. Due to the buoyancy of the water and its non-gravitational forces

Family Homes versus Residential Centres

960 words - 4 pages Family Homes versus Residential Centres A family home means the house where a married couple lives together as a unit. In most cases, it means the home of a couple and their children and even some extended family members. On the other hand, a rehabilitation centre, normally, offers services to addicts, people with physical disabilities, pervasive development disorder patients and intellectual disability victims (Drug Abuse and Treatment

Career Integration Research Assignment: Athletic Training

1778 words - 7 pages The field of athletic training is one of the fastest expanding careers today. This could be due to the much greater demand for health care providers. Athletic trainers specialize in preventing, diagnosing, and treating muscle and bone injuries. They work with a diverse group of patients, from young children to professional athletes. Athletic trainers are usually part of a sport medicine team, which tend to include a physician, physical therapist

Pain Management. The Influence of Psychological Aspects in a Sport Injury Rehabilitation. by Rafael Cortez

1954 words - 8 pages with pain and improve the process of rehabilitation and recovery.Pain.RehabilitationRehabilitation is a treatment designed to facilitate the process of recovery from injury, illness, or disease up to as normal a condition as possible. The sole purpose of rehabilitation is to restore some or all of the patient's physical, sensory, and mental capabilities that were lost due to injury, illness, or disease.PositivismOver the last decade, the 'power of

Rehabilitation or Retribution?

967 words - 4 pages or three years. In fact, criminal rehabilitation works to reduce recidivism, it is a cost efficient form of crime prevention (Paul. F, 2006). For example, some medicine could work to cure some offenders, and indeed, the most recent studies show that they do work. Such programs include pro-social modeling programmes, and some sex-offender treatment programs. This research demonstrates that the net effect of treatment is, on average, a positive

Similar Essays

Essay About Physical Rehabilitation Medical University Medicine

2060 words - 9 pages AMA Journal of Ethics. June 2015, Volume 17, Number 6: 568-574. HISTORY OF MEDICINE | History of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Its Ethical Dimensions Levan Atanelov, MD, MS, Steven A. Stiens, MD, MS, and Mark A. Young, MD, MBA Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), or physiatry, is a medical specialty focused on prevention, diagnosis, rehabilitation, and therapy for patients who experience functional limitations resulting from

The Movement Of Cardiac Rehabilitation Into Your Home

1612 words - 7 pages . Taylor, R.S., Dalal, H., Jolly, K., Moxham, T., & Zawada, A. (2010). Home-based versus centre-based cardiac rehabilitation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 6(1). Thompson, D.R., & Clark, A.M. (2009). Cardiac rehabilitation: into the future. Heart, 95, 1897-1900. Wu, S.K., Lin, Y.W., Chen, C.L., & Tsai, S.W. (2006). Cardiac rehabilitation vs. home exercise after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a comparison of heart rate recovery. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 85(9), 711-717.

The Birmingham Rehabilitation Essay

2369 words - 9 pages ., & Zawada, A. (2010). Home-based versus centre-based cardiac rehabilitation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 6(1). Thompson, D.R., & Clark, A.M. (2009). Cardiac rehabilitation: into the future. Heart, 95, 1897-1900. Wu, S.K., Lin, Y.W., Chen, C.L., & Tsai, S.W. (2006). Cardiac rehabilitation vs. home exercise after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a comparison of heart rate recovery. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 85(9), 711-717.

A World Of Pain Essay

1800 words - 7 pages injuries sustained in sports differ from one another because of the physical requirements each different sport has for an athlete. Treatment and rehabilitation help the body heal itself correctly, and more efficiently, allowing for a speedy recovery. In addition, trainers and doctors work together to come up with a form of training and strengthening to help prevent occurrence and reoccurrence of sports injuries. Without sports medicine and the