Reality And Delusion Essay

1650 words - 7 pages

People always like to impute all the misfortunes they have been through to their unfair destinies. However, most of the occurrences happen in the human society is not random, and every consequence must have a corresponding reason. Sometimes, the motive of one’s action is hard to find because it may be psychogenic reasons that hide deep in one’s mind. Sigmund Freud comes up the idea that “human beings are motivated, even driven, by desires, fears, needs, and conflicts of which they are unaware” (Tyson 14-15). In most of the literature works, narrators’ unconscious egos like desires and believes are often the most important factors to affect their behaviors and cause the consequential ...view middle of the document...

” Farquhar’s determination is the fuse that cause his later behavior, to burn the Owl Creek Bridge. Same like Farquhar, Madame Loisel in the “The Necklace” is not satisfied with her identity which is being a middle class woman. Madame Loisel is beautiful, and she thinks her beauty should carry her step to the upper class group. Maupassant describes her at the beginning of the story that “she was one of those pretty and charming girls born, as though fate had blundered over her, into a family of artisans.” Maupassant put “pretty” and “family of artisans” into two opposite sides, and it seems that Madame Loisel’s marriage is a “blunder.” This story takes place at the late 18th century. During this time, the general believe of women is to be beautiful and wealthy, and every women is dreamed to step into the upper class society. In the article “The "Industrial Revolution" in the Home: Household Technology and Social Change in the 20th Century,” the author Ruth Schwarts Cowan mentions the role of women during 18th - 19th century is to keep the house orderly and keep themselves elegant. Cowan provides the resource of “better-quality women’s magazines” to prove his idea that women in that time are portray like “the good mother must be beautiful” (Cowan 16). This evidence shows that beauty is the symbol of high-quality woman during that time, therefore, Madame Loisel believes that a beauty like her should have the destiny of luxury and elegancy. Maupassant portrays Madame Loisel’s dissatisfaction of her current living situation explicitly that “she suffered intensely, feeling herself born for every delicacy and every luxury. She suffered from the poverty of her dwelling, from the worn walls, the abraded chairs, the ugliness of the stuffs” (Maupassant). Her insatiable desire for wealth form the fuse that causes her later behavior, borrow the necklace from Mme. Forester.
Both of the protagonists suffered from delusions caused by their egos. Farquhar distortedly views himself as a courage southern freedom fighter, and his desperation to contribute to the confederate cause blinds his mind, and makes him fells into the trap designs by the union soldier. When the union spy told him that “any civilian caught interfering with the railroad, its bridges, tunnels or trains will be summarily hanged,” it successfully draws his interest because it looks like that the union army attaches great importance to repair the bridge. The unions spy continually allure him by telling him the force of the bridge is loose that "Only a picket post half a mile out, on the railroad, and a single sentinel at this end of the bridge." Without a doubt, Farquhar’s desire for honor make him lose his mind that he does not even question the soldier’s identity; he seizes this opportunity to contribute to confederacy, and he decides to make the foolhardy action, burns the Owl Creek Bridge to disturb the northern army. The “Owl Creek Bridge” here symbolize the connection of Farquhar’s identity...

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