Reasoning Research Paper

1513 words - 6 pages

Tables of Content

Inductive Reasoning ……………………………...………………………………...……….…….3
Deductive Reasoning …………….....…………………………………………………………….3
Critical Thinking.……………….………...…………………………………………………..…...4
Role of Inductive Reasoning………………………………………………………………………5
Role of Deductive Reasoning……………………………………………………………………..5
Roles of Critical Thinking ………………..………………………………………………………6
References…………………………………………………………………………………………8

Inductive Reasoning
Inductive reasoning is logical reasoning where people have a lot of the information and use that to reach a conclusion. It is viewing the available data and figuring out what will be the results. For instance, from an online article, it demonstrates, “Inductive reasoning is a logical process in which multiple premises, all believed true or found true most of the time, are combined to obtain a specific conclusion” (Rouse, 2013). It shows that there are a lot of ideas to analyze and calculate what the possible outcomes will be. It can also be done by looking at patterns. When looking at patterns, it is important to study it to see what is recurring. This makes it possible to predict what will happen based on the knowledge that has been collected. Inductive reasoning is using information or events that have happened in the past to see what is in store for the future.
Deductive Reasoning
Deductive reasoning is general information people have and use to reach to some type of conclusion. Deductive is done by understanding the first part which is using logic to reach a conclusion which reasoning is to understand what is going on. There are many different ways to explain what is required of deductive reasoning. For example, in an article, it states, “logical way of reaching a conclusion based on deducing from facts what to do” ("Business glossary," 2013). It mentions how deductive reasoning is about sorting out what is true about something and getting rid of what is not true. By eliminating things that are false, it helps identify what the results might be from what facts are left over. Information gathered is to be examined by what has happened before and how to act based on the situation. Deductive reasoning is breaking down what knowledge someone knows and then coming up with a final decision based on what is known.
Critical Thinking
Critical thinking is the process of structuring how something is done and going through and analyzing each move before it is done. It is to think carefully about a subject and understanding it in a new perspective. For instance, from an online source, it describes, “Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action” (Scriven & Richard, 2013). It defines it as a way that looks at many different components and sorts through them. It is...

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