Cause and Effects of Hunting Regulations
Hunting is a sport involving people throughout the United States whether it is done for a source of food or just for fun. Each year people across the U.S. spend over ten billion dollars on hunting activities and equipment. In order to protect species of wildlife, each states’ department of natural resources is required to develop numerous hunting regulations. Hunting regulations are basically laws set forth specifically for the hunting population. While these regulations are specified to correctively manage populations, they usually produce unintended effects of hunter safety (Conlin, Dikert-Conlin & Pepper, 2009).
In 2009 Pennsylvania Department of Natural Resources called for changes in hunting regulations, one law allowing both genders of deer to be harvested and the other requiring a minimum point count for a buck to be shot. With allowing the harvesting of both genders enables hunters to take less caution before the shot. In opposition to hunters taking less time, they must in order to decide whether a buck is qualified harvesting size (Conlin, Dikert-Conlin & Pepper, 2009).
Like any other subject the need must be assessed for a change before carrying it out. Research for the change was all the data from any reported hunting accident in Pennsylvania counties from 1990 to 2005 (Conlin, Dikert-Conlin & Pepper, 2009). Due to the high population of hunters Pennsylvania is the ideal state for gathering data from. Pennsylvania’s number of deer hunters is nine percent higher than any other in the United States (Conlin, Dikert-Conlin & Pepper, 2009).
From 1990 to 2005 the bag limit has changed from twelve days of buck season and three days for does only to twelve days for either gender hunting. The minimum point requirement for harvesting a buck has gone from two points to three or four points. The change to allowing the harvesting of both bucks and does was a measure taken in order to decrease the population of does. While the Pennsylvania Department of Natural Resources also intended to increase the average age of bucks. The advantage of setting these hunting regulations will allow for better genetics to be passed throughout the whitetail population (Conlin, Dikert-Conlin & Pepper, 2009).
Developing hunting regulations also allows for the growth of job outlook in the field of wildlife management. In order to enforce all the regulations set on hunting, officers are needed to watch out over the hunters. Throughout Pennsylvania there is approximately 200 full-time wildlife officers and close to 700 deputy officers. The Pennsylvania Game Commission has also set up a phone line for hunters to report any accidents or harvesting of illegal deer (Conlin, Dikert-Conlin & Pepper, 2009). Developing better management skills allows for people to build and operate hunting lodges throughout the state of Pennsylvania.
Any hunter that harvests an illegal deer is obligated to deliver it to the Game Commission’s...