Reasons Behind Russia Entering The War In 1914

2678 words - 11 pages

Reasons Behind Russia Entering the War in 1914

There were no clear signs that the tsarist government wanted war in
1914. Russia’s experience ten years earlier against Japan had made it
wary of putting itself at risk again, and its foreign policy after
1905 had been essentially defensive. It had joined France and Britain
in the Triple Entente as a means of guarding itself against the
alliance of the Central Powers, Germany and Austria-Hungary. However,
the events that followed the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
in June 1914 by Serbian nationalists made it virtually impossible for
Russia to avoid being drawn into a European conflict.

By tradition, Russia was the protector of the Slav peoples of the
Balkans. With the decline of the Ottoman Empire (an old enemy) in the
19th century, Austria-Hungary was seen by Russia as the new threat.
Sazonov, the tsar’s foreign secretary in 1914 described the link
between the commitment to defend Slav nationalism in the Balkans and
Russia’s long-standing strategic interests:

“Russia’s historical mission - the emancipation of Christian peoples
of the Balkan peninsula from the Turkish yoke – was almost fulfilled
by the beginning of the 20th Century. Although these younger countries
no longer needed the guardianship of Russia, they were not strong
enough to dispense with her help in the event of any attempt upon
their national existence by warlike Teutonism (Germanic expansionism).

Serbia in particular was exposed to this danger , having become the
object of the decorously concealed covetousness of Austrian diplomacy.
Russia’s sole and unchanging object was to see that those Balkan
peoples should not fall under the influence of powers hostile to her.

The ultimate aim of Russian policy was to obtain free access to the
Mediterranean, and to be in a position to defend her Black sea coasts
against the threat of the irruption of hostile naval forces through
the Bosphorous.”

A month after Franz Ferdinand’s murder, Austria-Hungary, with a
blank-check from Germany, declared war on Serbia. Russia still
expected to be able to oblige the Austrians to withdraw without having
to go to war itself. It hoped that if it mobilized this would act as a
deterrent to Austria. This was not unrealistic. Despite Russia’s
defeat by Japan, its armies were still regarded as formidable. Germans
often spoke of the ‘Russian Steamroller’, a reference to the immense
reserves of manpower on which it was calculated that Russia could

It was at this stage that the great length of its western frontier
became a critical consideration. Russia had two basic mobilization
schemes, partial and full. ‘Partial’ involved plans for a campaign in
the south-west in defence of its Slav...

Find Another Essay On Reasons Behind Russia Entering the War in 1914


831 words - 3 pages with them. Most notable of these were Burns and Morley.In conclusion it would seem from all the evidence that the declaration of war on Germany by Great Britain in 1914 can only be superficially attributed to its ententes with France and Russia. It is far more likely the mitigating circumstances that have been explored in this essay are the cause, particularly the rivalry with Germany. The ententes were certainly helpful in legitimising the declaration but were by no means the sole cause of it.

War and Risk in 1914 Essay

3334 words - 13 pages 31st of July the Common Ministerial Council met again following news of Russian mobilisation but, determined to stay their course, they consciously risked a general war with Russia (and therefore France) to fight a local war with Serbia. Russia was also a troubled state in 1914 following six decades of military defeat ending with the catastrophe at the hands of Japan in 1904-05. This was followed by a number of

The War of 1812 in Russia

1456 words - 6 pages The War of 1812 in Russia When Russians talk about the war of 1812 they do not mean the war in which Washington was burned by the British, but the war in which, apparently, the Russians burned Moscow. This war between the French republican empire and the Russian Tsarist Empire was as remarkable a high - spot in the history of the latter as it was a low - spot in the history of Napoleon. For Russia, it was one of those rare moments in

What factors led to the outbreak of war in 1914?

2703 words - 11 pages Russia and Germany restraining Austria-Hungary. Condron writes in his book, 'The Making of the Modern World' that this did not happen with the July crisis of 1914 which resulted in World War I, making them two separate events with no direct relevance to each other.Also, another historian, Grolier, writes in his book, 'World War I' that the two Balkan wars resulted in renewed opposition between Bulgaria and the other Balkan states, especially Serbia

Reasons behind Obesity in the United States of America

1116 words - 5 pages lkar English 1201 Research paper May 2 2014 Reasons behind obesity in the United States of America United States of America is one of the most leading obese countries in the world, and the reasons are fairly understandable. We can observe that on our own. We have fast food chains on every block, where the foods are very cheap and unhealthy. Besides, we have more and more technology to make our lives easier. Hence people are getting lazier. All

The Reasons Behind Bloody Sunday

3245 words - 13 pages country which possibly aided the communication of the revolutionary groups, the workers and the peasants. Some of these sources appear to tell us that the reasons for the strikes and marches were that the peasants and workers were fed up with the situation they were. On the other end there are the sources that don't indicate any reasons for the strikes what so ever. In the middle are the sources that don't show us that the reasons were because of poor living and working conditions but they indicate other reasons such as the industrialisation of Russia.

Reasons Behind the Industrial Revolution

3264 words - 13 pages Reasons Behind the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was the widespread replacement of labor by machines driven by water wheels, windmills and later by steam power. This change called the Industrial Revolution was a process, which began in the 18th century and continued well into the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution was the result of interrelated changes, which transformed agricultural economies

Reasons behind Students Failing in College

786 words - 4 pages more financial dependents. Having parents that did not attend college puts their child at risk financially. More than a quarter of first generation college students who have low-income leave college after attending one year, and 89 percent fail to graduate within six years (Paul). These percentages show how many students are failing to graduate and these numbers are steadily increasing. Nearly one in three entering freshman in the U.S is a first

Poland And The Great War (1914-1918)

1816 words - 8 pages of Poland. A good majority of the heavy battle that took place during the war was actually on Polish territory. All of this close fighting caused around 1 million Polish civilians to flee eastward behind Russian lines (Lukowski).The Poles were put in a bind. They were constantly being influenced by larger powers such as Russia and Germany and were always on the move during the war. Besides the communism that was in place before the war there was

The Reasons Behind the 1920's Boom

1761 words - 7 pages The Reasons Behind the 1920's Boom Introduction: This essay will mainly examine the main reasons for the boom of America in the 1920s. Boom can be referred to as the increase in economy, industry, population and different other factors. Moving out of the poor lands of Europe and Asia, there was a place found at last where one could find Happiness or more precisely MONEY. This glorious land was the 'richest country in

Reasons Behind the Nazis Coming to Power

2030 words - 8 pages Reasons Behind the Nazis Coming to Power In January 1933, Hitler became chancellor of Germany, there are many reasons for him and the Nazis coming into power. They are long term and short-term cause, which can be classed under 3 main headings: weakness of opposition, strengths of Nazis and economic factors. The weaknesses of the opposition helped the Nazis come into power because Hitler took advantage of them. The

Similar Essays

Reasons For The Outbreak Of World War I In 1914

723 words - 3 pages be potentially fighting a war on two fronts, it was fundamental that France was defeated in six weeks before Russia could mobilise their entire military strength: if Russia mobilised their forces, the Schlieffen Plan came into action. Germany planned to swing their forces behind Paris, enveloping and crushing French force, and then move to meet Russia on the eastern front. However, to reach Paris quickly and safely, Germany had to pass through

The Stability Of Russia In 1914

761 words - 3 pages The Stability of Russia in 1914 In 1914 Russia's stability was questionable; the Tsar's regime had been under considerable strain due to the unsuccessful uprising in 1905. The Tsar still had the support of the army, which helped to put down many attempts at revolution. However, there was still brewing resentments about the harsh conditions of the Tsar's government that threatened to explode at any time. The

The Reasons Behind The Cold War

1506 words - 6 pages systems and strengthened their military powers. As a result, the two sides developed new weapon systems, stockpiled nuclear weapons, and competed in space exploration. But what actually caused these tensions between the two? How come their differences in ideology made it impossible to cooperate? It all started at the end of the Second World War. In WWII, the United States and the Soviet Union were allies against Germany and their allies. After

The Reasons Behind The War With Iraq

1080 words - 4 pages be obvious to everyone that he has no intention of ever fully co-operating with the United Nations Council. We are twelve years behind schedule in taking action against this type of political manipulation. The time has come to finally eradicate this proverbial pain. ( United Nations Security Council 2 )The world would be a much safer place without Saddam Hussein because his chemical and biological weapons pose a threat to every kind of life form