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Reasons For, Events Leading Up To, The Attack And The Aftermath Of The Attack On Pearl Harbor

1615 words - 6 pages

During the 1930s, the U.S. watched Japan with growing concern for their aggressive territorial expansion. Japan was on a campaign to rule Southeast Asia and to build an empire. President Franklin D. Roosevelt took necessary precautions to ensure that this did not happen. He moved the main core of the U.S. Pacific Fleet from the west coast of the mainland of the U.S. to Hawaii, on the island of Oahu, at Pearl Harbor, in an attempt to strengthen the nation's military presence. The U.S. would then cut off oil exports to Japan. Without the U.S. supplying Japan with oil, the nation's military and industrial forces soon came to a standstill. Japan responded by joining the Axis alliance with Italy and Germany which the U.S. saw as a serious threat. The tension between the U.S. and Japan continued to grow. Eventually, this tension would lead up to the severing of diplomatic relations between Japan and the U.S. The United States would be sucked into the Second World War after the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy.The relationship between Japan and the United States was becoming more and more unstable. Japan was desperate to expand its empire but the U.S. disagreed with their expansion policy. The small island nation did not have the space or the resources to support its large population. Many of the countries that Germany had taken control of in Europe had control over colonies in the East Indies, Singapore, and other locations in Southeast Asia. These countries had natural resources that Japan desperately needed. When the motherlands of these colonies were in trouble in Europe, They lost focus on their colonies and Japan took over.The U.S. and Japan seemed to fight back and forth with displays of power. Japan would become more aggressive; the U.S. moved its fleet to Pearl Harbor. Japan signed the Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy; the United States Congress passed the National Defense Act. Neither side was willing to give in to the other. Negotiations between the two countries were proving to be futile.In July of 1941, Japan invaded southern Indochina. The United States became outraged from Japan's imperialistic actions and responded by imposing an oil embargo on all shipments to Japan. Japan's economy could not function without the U.S. shipments of oil and the Japanese government saw the embargo as the equivalent of an act of war. As an attack from Japan seemed to become more inevitable, the U.S. Pacific fleet was put on full alert and practiced drills regularly that kept them prepared for an attack. Meanwhile, negotiations between the U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Japan's Ambassador Kichisaburo Nomura and Special Envoy Saburo Kurusu continued.Although the fleet was put on full alert, no one in the military high command believed a Japanese attack was imminent. They did not take into account Japan's determination to take control over Asia or their determination to wage war with any nation...

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