Causes Of The American Revolution Essay

1087 words - 5 pages

There was many factors that led the colonists to declare their independence from Great Britain. One bold factor that really made them mad was taxation without representation. Taxation is the act of taxed, but what were they being taxed for? While Great Britain and France were fighting over the empire between 1754 and 1763 let Great Britain in great dept. They didn't only have to worry about paying off the dept but their new territory between the Appalachian and Alledheny mountains. Looking for friendship through the proclamation towards the Native American caused a huge problem. The colonies protested that they were taking away their land for settlement. Great Britain thought the colonist benefited from all of this that should may the cost. Parliament passed another law in 1765, called the Stamp Act. The stamp act is when stamps are placed on many different types of articles and documents. So when you would buy it a direct tax went straight to the government. Many were upset by the extra charges and formed a boycott. A boycott is the refusal to buy British goods-until Parliament repealed the law. Eventually they took down the stamp act, but shortly replaced it with the Townshed acts. The Townsheds Acts placed duties on glass, paper, paint, and even tea. They weren't able to collect the taxes so they dropped the tax on everything but tea. The Parliament left the tax on tea to prove to the colonist that they had the Right to tax them. Upset and angry the colonist formed boycotts and caused violence. The first public protest happened in 1765 in Virginia at the House of Burgesses. Patrick Henry protested against the Parliaments actions. He said that "no taxation without representation." This statement means that they didn't have anyone to speak on their behalf. Due to Patrick Henry's actions and the resistance to the stamps act all 13 colonies came together. Many forms of violence broke out, one which was named The Boston Massacre. The Boston Massacre took place in March of 1770 in Boston. A group of soldiers were hit with sticks and snowballs and opened fire at the crowd. The news of attack was spread wide and far throughout the colonies. A time of calmness was spread but was ended in 1773. When the British were granted control of the tea trade with America. The colonist quickly thought of a plan to not let tea ashore. So in the control of Sam Adams a group of colonist dressed as Mohawks board a ship. They tossed 342 chest of tea into Boston harbor while a crowd cheered them on. The British thought that these actions deserved punishment. So the Parliament passed the Coercive acts. The Coercive Acts shut down the port until the tea was paid for and another one let soldiers be housed in any home. Many thought that the Coercive Acts were so awful that they called them the "Intolerable Acts" instead. This made the colonists feel like they were getting everything taken away. So the colonist put together an army made up of minutemen. Minutemen are people...

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