Causes Of The First World War

1399 words - 6 pages

In general, when people talk about the causes of the First World War they think of the obvious one - the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand. This clearly was the main spark to the war, but not many know the underlying reasons, that happened far before June 28th, 1914. For the previous fifty years before World War I, there were heightened feelings of nationalism which developed into the need for increased imperialism, militarism, and militaristic alliances. These changes in Europe lead to a war which the world will never forget.Many alliances were formed during the years leading up to World War I. The first was in 1872, when Otto van Bismarck, prime minister of Germany, formed the Three Emperor's League. This brought together Germany, Russia, and Austria-Hungary. Ten years later, Bismarck found another country to add to his list of alliances. Bismarck took advantage of Italy's growing dislike of France since acquiring Tunisia. In 1882, Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary entered into the Triple Alliance. After Bismarck was fired in 1890, his successors could not keep up his strong alliances. France saw this opportunity, and in 1891, formed the Franco-Russian Entente. It became a formal alliance three years later. From 1902 to 1907, Britain formed three very important alliances. In 1902 they increased their relationship with the United States by forming the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. Two years later, France reached an agreement with Britain over the control of Egypt in order to help France control Morocco in the Anglo-French Entente. In 1907, Russia, desolated after two years of fighting with Japan, set up the Anglo-Russian Agreement. As a result of Russia, Britain, and France all being in alliances with each other, the Triple Entente was coined. Tension increased greatly during the time since Europe was so greatly divided between the two main alliances.Due to the increased division between the main alliances prior to the First World War, the participating countries needed to beef up their militaries for the inevitable. Germany was the military powerhouse at this time. In order for France and Britain to bring their arms up to speed, they adopted Germany's practices of recruitment, large reserves, and detailed planning. From 1870 to 1914, the armies and navies of both France and Germany doubled in size. Becoming the naval superpower was a big competition during this time between Britain and Germany. Britain felt that in order to secure victory in the war they would have to have at least doubled the size of the next largest navy. At this time, the battleship the Dreadnought was invented by a British Admiral. Japan's naval dominance in their war with Russia proved to the British that the Dreadnought should be their main vessel. Due to Britain's increased navy, Germany stepped up their production of naval vessels, including the new Dreadnought. Ready to challenge Germany and prepare for war, Britain withdrew their naval squadrons from the...

Find Another Essay On Causes of the First World War

Causes of the First World War: An Executive Summary

869 words - 4 pages conflict. And on June 28th, 1914, the power keg’s name was Gavrilo Princip and the conflict came dressed in the military attire of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. While World War One was only an assassin’s bullet away from beginning, mania had had a head start. Works Cited Bloch, Camille. The Causes Of The World War: An Historical Summary. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd: 1935. Evans, R. J. W.; von Strandmann, Hartmut Pogge. The

Views on causes of the First World War

900 words - 4 pages There has been numerous occasion when as a society we found ourselves wanting. The outbreak of First World War was surely one of them. The horror of World War 1 still lingers in the minds of people. Leadership faltered, and our strategic vision dismantled. The war was fought on the grounds that never existed. This war was based on deception, lies and manipulation.History recalls these wars as The First World War of The Great War that proved to

The Origins and Causes Of the World's First Total War

2068 words - 8 pages soldiers alike, are enemies and are considered to be acceptable targets during war. There are many issues that lead to different wars including religion, revolution, technology, nationalism, militarism, expansion, and imperialism. In order for the first major total war to occur, there were many catalysts from all of the European superpowers of the time. Before World War I, the superpowers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, Great Britain, France, and

Context and Causes For The First Crusade.

1334 words - 5 pages . Asbridge’s conclusion seems to take a negative stance toward the Crusading ideology. He describes the harsh actions the Crusaders made during the war based on their so called “faith.” The whole focus of The Crusade was placed on capturing the city of Jerusalem. Asbridge suggests that because The Crusades succeeded that a miracle had indeed taken place and that it was “God’s will” that led them to victory. According to Asbridge, if the first

The causes and results until the end of 1917, of the first revolution 1917 in Russia.

774 words - 3 pages after another, and the people felt betrayed and deceived after having been given uncovered promises. They had no trust in the Tsar and no faith in future accompanied by the tsarist government.The country's backward economic condition, added to embarking in World War 1, decreased popularity of the Tsar further. Equipped with non-existing armour the incompetent soldiers fought in the trenches, not standing a chance against Germany's modern and

The Origins of the First World War

2048 words - 8 pages insight into the causes of WWI. Barnes The concept of war guilt was formulated directly after the First World War as justification for indemnities demanded primarily from Germany. However, Barnes believed that the initial provocation for the war was created by the secret alliance between Russia, France, and Serbia, surmised that the majority of the war guilt could be assigned to them. Since 1870, European

The First World War

7479 words - 30 pages The First World War was truly 'the Great War'. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound.The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France

The Causes of World War 1

677 words - 3 pages . The three most powerful factors though, was the formation of alliances, Nationalism, and the inefficiency of European leaders to successfully control their countries. First, one of the great factors that contributed to the causes of World War 1 was the formation of Europe into Alliances. The two sides that were taken when the war began were Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy on the Triple Alliance side. The Triple Entente consisted of Great

The First World War

1294 words - 5 pages The First World War The First World War began as a spark and exploded into a merciless blood bath of money, power, and land. The little spark began in the mountainous Balkans of southeastern Europe where small state-sized nations argued back and forth. For hundreds of years many of these small nations were held under the gripping powers of Turkey, Russia, and Austria-Hungary. It started in the capital of Bosnia, Sarajevo. Bosnia was also

The Causes of World War I.

2597 words - 10 pages The First World War had many causes; the historians probably have notyet discovered and discussed all of them so there might be more causesthan what we know now. The spark of the Great War was theassassination of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the throne ofAustria-Hungary, and his wife by a Serbian nationalist on the morningof June 28, 1914, while traveling in a motorcade through Sarajevo, thecapital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The

The First World War

1220 words - 5 pages The First World War c) The Following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken: new technology like the tank the American entry into the war the blockading of German ports the German offensive in March 1918 Explain how far you agree with this statement. All of the reasons suggested above do play a part in why the stalemate on the Western Front was

Similar Essays

Assess The Causes Of The First World War

1168 words - 5 pages This essay will assess the causes of the First World War. The outbreak of the First World War (1871-1914) was a culmination of the short term crisis such as the Balkan crisis, Germany’s world policy and German aims and the July crisis, the more important issues remain to be long-term factors such as Industrialism, Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism and economical disputes.The First World War was the culmination of a long-term problem within

What Were The Major Causes Of The First World War?

1074 words - 5 pages responsible for the outbreak of the War. In this essay I will question that statement by emphasizing the attitude of the main powers and take into account other causes historians assume, especially the current ideological ideas in Europe and the events in the Balkans. Nevertheless, I will conclude that none of these reasons were solely the cause of the outbreak, but the combination of them all, and especially hegemonic ambitions and the lack of diplomacy

Critically Asses Three Major Causes Of The First World War

2378 words - 10 pages There are many causes to the First World War, many of which are results of complex developments which took place for a number of years before the war, such as the conflict over the Balkans and the decline of the Ottoman Empire. The most obvious cause may be the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand. However, upon close examination of the events leading up to World War One, we shall see that this was merely the spark that set off the chain

Possible Underlying Causes Of The First World War

1067 words - 4 pages Possible Underlying Causes of the First World War 1. Germany had undergone a quick, successful revolution and had become an economically very strong power. From 1900, Germany became more and more ambitious. It’s desire to “find a place under the sun” has become so great that it would be unfriendly and hostile when in confrontation with other countries, hence it may be one of the causes of the WW1